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附錄:斯氏核心詞

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

斯瓦迪士核心词列表(Swadesh list)列出了各种语言的基本词汇。它由美国语言学家莫里斯·斯瓦迪士在二十世纪四五十年代提出,最完整的版本约包含了200余个词汇。它是常用的基本判断语言归属关系的工具之一,也对语言词汇的学习有辅助作用(尤其是像朝鲜语一样基本词汇与高级词汇脱节的语言)。

另可參照數詞對照表以知不同語言中數字的表達法。

资料[编辑]

漢語族[编辑]

序列漢語官話 (普通話)
edit (207)
官話 (四川話)
edit (207)
粵語 (廣州話)
edit (207)
客家語 (粵台客語)
edit (207)
閩南語 (廈門泉漳話)
edit (207)
閩東語 (福州話)
edit (207)
吳語 (上海話)
edit (207)
吳語 (蘇州話)
edit (207)
1 () (ngo3) (ngo5)𠊎 (ngài) (góa) (nguāi) (ngu6) (ngou6), (nou6)*
2 ()*, (nín)* (nyi3) (nei5) (ngì) () (nṳ̄) (non6) (ne6)
3 () (ta1) (keoi5) () (i) (ĭ) (yi6) (ne6), 唔倷 (n1 ne6), 俚倷 (li1 ne6)
4我們我們我们 (wǒ men)我們我们 (ngo3 men2-1)我哋 (ngo5 dei6)𠊎等 (ngài-tén) (gún)*, (lán)*我各儂我各侬 (nguāi gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤ng)阿拉 (aq7 laq8/la6), 我伲 (ngu6 gni6)*, (gni6)* (gni6), 我伲 (ngou6 gni6)*
5你們你們你们 (nǐ men)*, (nín)*你們你们 (nyi3 men2-1)你哋 (nei5 dei6)汝等 (ngì-tén) (lín)汝各儂汝各侬 (nṳ̄ gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤ng) (na6)俉篤俉笃 (n6 toq7)
6他們他們他们 (tā men)他們他们 (ta1 men2-1)佢哋 (keoi5 dei6)佢等 (kì-tén)𪜶 (in)伊各儂伊各侬 (ĭ gáuk→gó̤k-nè̤)伊拉 (yi6 la6/laq8)俚篤俚笃 (li1 toq7), 唔篤唔笃 (n1 toq7)
7 (zhè, zhèi), 這個这个 (zhè ge, zhèi ge)這個这个 (ze4 go4) (ni1), (ji1) (liá) (che), 即個即个 (chit-ê)𪢕 (cuòi), 茲隻兹只 (geq8)*, (diq8)* (e1), (ke1), (geq8)
8 (nà, nèi), 那個那个 (nà ge, nèi ge)那個那个 (na4 go4) (go2) (kâi) (he), 彼個彼个 (hit-ê) (huòi), 許隻许只 (hī-ciáh→ciéh) (e1), (i1) (ue1), (kue1), (geq8)
9這裡這裡这里 (zhè li), 這兒这儿 (zhèr)*這點兒这点儿 (ze4 dianr3)呢度 (ni1 dou6), 依度 (ji1 dou6)這兜这兜 (liá-têu), (chia)嚽塊𪢕块 (cŭ-uái), 嚽所𪢕所搿墶搿垯 (geq8 taq7), 此地 (tshy1 di6)哀墶哀垯 (e1 taeq7), 該墶该垯 (ke1 taeq7), 搿墶搿垯 (geq8 taeq7)
10那裡那裡那里 (nà li), 那兒那儿 (nàr)那點兒那点儿 (na4 dianr3)嗰度 (go2 dou6)該兜该兜 (kâi-têu), (hia)夫塊夫块, 夫所哀面墶哀面垯 (e1 mi6 taq7), 伊面墶伊面垯 (i1 mi6 taq7)彎墶弯垯 (ue1 taeq7), 歸墶归垯 (kue1 taeq7), 搿墶搿垯 (geq8 taeq7)
11 (shéi, shúi)誰個谁个 (sui2 go4)邊個边个 (bin1 go3)麼人么人 (má-ngìn), 何人 (hò-ngìn), 麼儕么侪 (má-sà)啥人 (siáⁿ-lâng), (siáng)*底儂底侬 (diē→dié-nè̤ng, dē̤→dé̤-nè̤ng)啥人 (sa5 gnin6)啥人 (sa5 gnin6)
12什麼甚麼甚么 (shén me), 哪個哪个 (nǎ ge)*啥子 (sa4 zi3) (mat1), 乜嘢 (mat1 je5), (me1)麼个 (má-ke)啥物 (siáⁿ-mih), 甚麼甚么 (sīm-mi̍h), 佗一個佗一个, 叨一個叨一个 (tó-chi̍t-ê)*什乇 (sié-nó̤h, siéh-nó̤h) (sa5), 啥物事 (sa5 meq8 zy6) (sa5), 啥個啥个 (sa5 keq7), 啥物事 (sa5 meq8 sy6)
13哪裡哪裡哪里 (nǎ li), 哪兒哪儿 (nǎr)*那跟前 (na3 gen1 qian2), 哪下兒哪下儿 (na3 har2)邊度边度 (bin1 dou6), (bin1) ()佗位, 叨位 (tó-ūi)底所 (diē-nē̤, dē̤-nē̤)啥地方 (sa5 di6 faon1), 嚡裏嚡里 (gha6 li6), 嚡裏墶嚡里垯 (gha6 li6 taq7)啥場化啥场化 (sa5 zan2 ho5), 哪墶哪垯 (no6/lo6 taeq7)
14何時甚麼時候甚么时候 (shén mē shí hòu)哪陣哪阵 (na3 zen4)幾時几时 (gei2 si4)哪時哪时 (nâ-sṳ̀)甚麼時陣甚么时阵 (sīm-mi̍h-sî-chūn)*, 當時当时 (tang-sî)什乇辰候啥辰光 (sa5 zen6 kuaon1), 幾時几时 (ci5 zy6)啥辰光 (sa5 zen2 kuaon5)
15如何如何 (rú hé)*, 怎麼怎么 (zěn me)*, 怎樣怎样 (zěn yàng)*啷個啷个 (nang3 go4)點樣点样 (dim2 joeng2), (dim2)仰般 (ngióng-pân)如何 (jû-hô)*, 按怎 (án-chóaⁿ)*, 怎樣怎样 (chóanⁿ-iūⁿ)* (ciōng)哪能 (na6 nen6)捺亨, 納哼纳哼 (naeq8 han1), (nan6)
16 ()*, (bié)*, (méi)* (bu2) (m4), (mou5) () (put)*, ()*, , 𣍐𫧃 ()*, , , 勿愛勿爱 (mài)*, () (îng), 伓是 (îng-sê) (veq8) (feq7)
17所有全部 (quán bù)*, (zhěng)*, 所有 (suǒ yǒu)*, (dōu)*, 一共 (yī gòng)*全部 (quan2 bu4)全部 (cyun4 bou6), (dou1)所有 (só-yû)全部 (chôan-pō͘), , (kui), 所有 (só͘-ū)*, (lóng)*, 攏總拢总 (lóng-chóng)*全部 (ciòng-buô), 所有 (sū-iū), 一切全部 (zhi6 bu6), (ze6)一搨括子一拓括子 (iq7 thaeq7 kuaeq7 tsy3), 全部 (zi2 bu6), (ze2)
18 (duō) (do1) (do1) (), 多支 (chōe) (cá̤)交關交关 (ciau1 kue1), (tu1)交關交关 (ciau1 kue1), (tou1)
19一些一些 (yī xiē), 幾個几个 (jǐ ge) (xi1) (di1) (têu)一寡 (chi̍t-kóa), 幾若個几若个 (kúi-nā-ê)仂囝 (nék→ník-giāng)一點一点 (iq7 ti5)一星 (iq7 sin1), 一點一点 (iq7 tie3)
20 (shǎo) (sao4) (siu2) (séu) (chió) (ciēu) (sau5) (sau3)
21其他其他 (qí tā), 別的别的 (bié de)其他 (kei4 taa1), 第二啲 (dai6 ji6 di1), 第啲 (dai6 di1)其他 (khì-thâ)其他 (kî-thaⁿ), 別的别的 (pa̍t-ê)其他 (gì-tă)其他 (ji6 tha1), 別個别个 (biq8 gheq8)其他 (ji2 tha1), 別個别个 (beq8 keq7)
22 () (yi2) (jat1) (yit) (it, chi̍t) (siŏh), (ék) (iq7) (iq7)
23 (èr)*, (liǎng)* (er4), (niang3) (ji6) (ngi), (lióng) (nn̄g), () (lâng), () (lian6), (gni6) (lian6), (gni6)
24 (sān) (san1) (saam1) (sâm) (saⁿ) (săng) (se1) (se1)
25 () (si4) (sei3) (si) () () (sy5) (sy5)
26 () (wu3) (ng5) (ńg) (ngō) (ngô) (ng6) (ng6)
27 () (da4) (daai6) (thai) (tōa) (duâi) (du6) (dou6)
28 (cháng) (cang2) (coeng4) (chhòng) (tn̂g) (dòng) (zan6) (zan6)
29 (kuān) (kuan1) (fut3) (khôn) (khoan) (kuăng) (khuoe1), (khueq7) (khueq7)
30 (hòu) (hou4) (hau5) (heu) (kāu) (gâu) (gheu6) (gheu6)
31 (zhòng) (zong4) (cung5) (chûng) (tāng) (zon6) (zon2)
32 (xiǎo) (xiao3) (sai3) (séu) (sòe) (shiau5) (siau3)
33 (duǎn) (duan3) (dyun2) (tón) () (toe5)*, (a5)* (toe3)*, (a3)*
34 (zhǎi) (ze2) (zaak3) (chak) (o̍eh) (ghaq8) (ghaq8)
35 (báo) (bo2) (bok6) (pho̍k), (chheu) (po̍h) (boq8) (boq8)
36女人 (nǚ rén)女的 (nyü3 ni1), 女人 (nyü3 ren2), 女人家 (nyü3 ren2 jia1)女人 (neoi5 jan4-2)細妹人细妹人 (se-moi-ngìn), 妹仔人 (moi-é-ngìn), (ńg), 婦女妇女 (fu-ńg)女人 (lú-jîn)*, 查某 (cha-bó͘)*女界 (nṳ̄-gái)女人 (gniu6 gnin6)女人 (gniu6 gnin2)
37男人 (nán rén)男的 (nan2 ni1), 男人 (nan2 ren2), 男人家 (nan2 ren2 jia1)男人 (naam4 jan4-2)細倈人细俫人 (se-lai-ngìn), 男仔人 (nàm-é-ngìn), (nàm), 男子 (nàm-chṳ́)男人 (lâm-jîn)*, 查埔 (cha-po͘)*男界 (nàng-gái)男人 (noe6 gnin6)男人 (noe2 gnin2)
38 (rén) (ren2) (jan4) (ngìn), (lâng) (gnin6) (gnin2)
39孩子 (hái zi), 兒童儿童 (ér tóng), 小孩 (xiǎo hái)小娃兒小娃儿 (xiao3 wa2 er2-1)細路细路 (sai3 lou6), 細路仔细路仔 (sai3 lou6 zai2)細人仔细人仔 (se-ngìn-é)囝仔, 囡仔 (gín-á)*, 兒童儿童 (jî-tông)*伲囝小人 (shiau5 gnin6)小倌兒小倌儿 (siau3 koe1 ng6), 小囡 (siau3 noe1)
40妻子 (qī zi), 老婆 (lǎo pó)*女的 (nyü3 ni1), 女人 (nyü3 ren2), 婆娘 (po2 nyiang1)老婆 (lou5 po4)餔娘𫗦娘 (bû-ngiòng), 太太 (thai-thai) (bó͘)老媽老妈老婆 (lau6 bu6), 家主婆 (ka1 tsy5 bu6), 妻子 (chi1 tsy5)*家小 (ka1 siau3), 家主婆 (ka1 tsyu3 bu2)
41丈夫 (zhàng fu), 老公 (lǎo gōng)*男的 (nan2 ni1), 男人 (nan2 ren2)老公 (lou5 gung1)丈夫 (chhông-fû), 老公 (ló-kûng) (ang)唐餔唐𫗦老公 (lau6 kon1), 丈夫 (zan6 fu1)*男人 (noe2 gnin2)
42母親母亲 (mǔ qīn), 媽媽妈妈 (mā ma)*媽媽妈妈 (ma1 ma1), (ma1)阿媽阿妈 (aa3 maa1), 老母 (lou5 mou5-2)*阿姆 (â-mê)母親母亲 (bú-chhin)*, 老母 (lāu-bú), 媽媽妈妈 (ma-ma), 阿母 (a-bú)娘奶媽媽妈妈 (ma1 ma1), 姆媽姆妈 (m1 ma1), (gnian6)*, 母親母亲 (mu1 chin1)*媽媽妈妈 (ma1 ma1), 姆媽姆妈 (m1 ma1), (gnian2)*, 母親母亲 (mo1 tshin1)*
43父親父亲 (fù qīn)*, 爸爸 (bà ba)*爸爸 (ba2 ba2-1), 老漢兒老汉儿 (nao3 hanr2)阿爸 (aa3 baa4), 老豆 (lou5 dau6)*阿爸 (â-pâ)父親父亲 (hū-chhin)*, 老爸 (lāu-pē), 爸爸 (pa-pa), 阿爸 (a-pa)郎爸爸爸 (pa1 pa1), (tia1), (ya6)*, 父親父亲 (vu6 chin1)*爸爸 (pa1 pa1), 爹爹 (tia1 tia1), (ya2)*, 父親父亲 (vu6 tshin1)*
44動物動物动物 (dòng wù)動物动物 (dong4 wu2)動物动物 (dung6 mat6)動物动物 (thung-vu̍t)動物动物 (tōng-bu̍t)動物动物 (dông-ŭk)動物动物 (don6 veq8)動物动物 (don6 veq8)
45 () (yu2), 擺尾子摆尾子 (bai3 wei3 zi3-2) (jyu4-2)魚仔鱼仔 (ǹg-é) () (ngṳ̀) (ng6) (ng6)
46 (niǎo)雀雀 (qüo2 qüo2-1) (zoek3-2), 雀仔 (zoek3 zai2)鳥仔鸟仔 (tiâu-é) (chiáu), 鳥仔鸟仔 (chiáu-á)鳥囝鸟囝 (gniau5/tiau5 (obsolete)) (tiau3)
47 (gǒu) (gou3) (gau2)狗仔 (kiéu-é) (káu), 狗仔 (káu-á)犬囝 (keu5) (keu3)
48 (shī)蝨子虱子 (se2 zi3) (sat1) (set) (sat), 虱母 (sat-bú)蝨母虱母老白蝨老白虱 (lau6 baq8 seq7)白蝨白虱 (baq8 seq7)
49 (shé) (se2) (se4) () (chôa)老蛇 (zo6) (zo2)
50 (chóng)*, 蠕蟲蠕虫 (rú chóng)*, 蚯蚓 (qiū yǐn)* (cong2) (cung4)蟲仔虫仔 (chhùng-é), 昆蟲昆虫 (khûn-chhùng) (thâng), 土蚓 (tō͘-ún/tō͘-kún)*蟲囝虫囝 (zon6) (zon2)
51 (shù)樹子树子 (su4 zi3) (syu6) (su) (chhiū), 樹仔树仔 (chhiū-á) (zy6) (zyu6)
52森林 (sēn lín)樹林子树林子 (su4 nin2 zi3)森林 (sam1 lam4)森林 (sêm-lìm)森林 (sim-lîm), 樹林树林 (chhiū-nâ)森林 (sĕng-lìng)森林 (sen1 lin6)森林 (sen1 lin2)
53樹枝树枝 (shù zhī)*, 枝條枝条 (zhī tiáo)*, 枝子 (zhī zi)*樹枝枝树枝枝 (su4 zi1 zi1)樹枝树枝 (syu6 zi1)*, (gwan3)樹椏树桠 (su-â)樹枝树枝 (chhiū-ki)*, 枝仔 (ki-á)*樹椏树桠棒頭棒头 (baon6 deu6)棒頭棒头 (baon6 deu2)
54水果 (shǔi guǒ)水果 (sui3 go3)生果 (saang1 gwo2)果子 (kó-chṳ́)水果 (chúi-kó), 果子 (kóe-chí)果實果实水果 (sy5 ku5)水果 (syu3 kou3)
55種子种子 (zhǒng zi)種子种子 (zung2 zi2) (chúng)種子种子 (chéng-chí)子子 (tsy5)*, 種子种子 (tson5 tsy5)* (tsy3)*, 種子种子 (tson3 tsy3)*
56 (), 葉子叶子 (yè zi)樹子葉葉树子叶叶 (su4 zi3 ye2 ye2-1) (jip6)葉仔叶仔 (ya̍p-é) (hio̍h), 葉仔叶仔 (hio̍h-á)箬箬葉子叶子 (yiq8 tsy5)葉子叶子 (yiq8 tsy3)
57 (gēn)根根 (gen1 gen1) (gan1) (kîn) (kun)根根 (ken1) (ken1)
58樹皮樹皮树皮 (shù pí)樹皮树皮 (su4 pi2)樹皮树皮 (syu6 pei4)樹皮树皮 (su-phì)樹皮树皮 (chhiū-phê)樹皮树皮樹皮树皮 (zy6 bi6)樹皮树皮 (zyu6 bi2)
59 (huā)花花兒花花儿 (hua1 huar1) (faa1) () (hoe) (huă) (ho1) (ho1)
60 (cǎo) (cao3) (cou2) (chhó) (chháu) (tshau5) (tshau3)
61 (shéng), 繩子绳子 (shéng zi)索索 (so2 so2) (sing4-2)索仔 (sok-é) (soh), 索仔 (soh-á)繩子绳子 (zen6 tsy5) (zen2)
62 (), 皮膚皮肤 (pí fū)皮皮 (pi2 pi2-1) (pei4)皮膚皮肤 (phì-fû) (phê), 皮膚皮肤 (phê-hu)皮膚皮肤 (puòi-hŭ)皮膚皮肤 (bi6 fu1)皮膚皮肤 (bi2 fu1)
63 (ròu) (rou4) (juk6) (ngiuk) (bah) (gnioq8) (gnioq8)
64 (xiě, xuè, xuě), 血液 (xiě, xuè, xuě yè) (xue2) (hyut3) (hiet) (huih), 血液 (hiat-e̍k) (shiuq7/shioq7) (shiuq7)
65 (), 骨頭骨头 (gǔ tóu)骨頭骨头 (gu2 tou2-1) (gwat1) (kut), 骨頭骨头 (kut-thèu) (kut), 骨頭骨头 (kut-thâu)骨骨骨頭骨头 (kueq7 deu6)骨頭骨头 (kueq7 deu2)
66脂肪 (zhī fáng)脂肪 (zi1 fong1)脂肪 (chṳ̂-fòng)脂肪 (chi-hông)*, 膩瓤腻瓤 (jī-nn̂g)*脂肪 (ciĕ-huòng)脂肪 (tsy1 faon1)脂肪 (tsy1 faon5)
67 (dàn), 鷄蛋鸡蛋 (jī dàn)* (dan4) (daan6-2) (lón) (nn̄g), 雞卵鸡卵 (koe-nn̄g)* (de6) (de6)
68 (jiǎo) (juo2) (gok3) (kok) (kak)角角 (koq7) (koq7)
69 (wěi), 尾巴 (wěi bā)尾巴兒尾巴儿 (wei3 bar1) (mei5) () (), 尾溜 (bé-liu)尾尾尾巴 (gni6/mi6 po5)尾巴 (gni6 po1)
70羽毛 (yǔ máo)羽毛 (jyu5 mou4)羽毛 (yí-mô)鳥毛鸟毛 (chiáu-mn̂g)羽毛 (ṳ̄-mò̤)羽毛 (yu6 mau6)羽毛 (iu1 mau2)
71頭髮头发 (tóu fa)頭髮头发 (tou2 fa2-1)頭髮头发 (tau4 faat3)*, (mou4)頭那毛头那毛 (theù-nà-mô)*頭毛头毛 (thâu-mn̄g)頭髮头发 (tàu-huók)頭髮头发 (deu6 faq7)*, (mau6)*頭髮头发 (deu2 faeq7)*, (mau2)*
72 (tóu)腦殼脑壳 (nao3 ko2) (tau4)頭那头那 (theù-nà) (thâu)*, 頭殼头壳 (thâu-khak) (tàu) (deu6) (deu2)
73耳朵 (ěr duo)耳朵 (er3 do1)耳仔 (ji5 zai2), (ji5)耳公 (ngí-kûng) (hīⁿ), 耳仔 (hīⁿ-á), 耳孔 (hīⁿ-khang)耳朵 (gni6 tu5)耳朵 (gni6 tou3)
74眼睛 (yǎn jing)眼睛 (yan3 jin1) (ngaan5)目珠 (muk-chû)目睭 (ba̍k-chiu)目睭眼睛 (nge6 cin1)眼睛 (nge2 tsin1)
75 (), 鼻子 (bí zi)鼻子 (bi2 zi3) (bei6), 鼻哥 (bei6 go1) (phi) (phīⁿ), 鼻仔 (phīⁿ-á)鼻頭鼻头 (biq8 deu6)鼻頭鼻头 (beq8 deu6)
76 (zuǐ), 嘴巴 (zuǐ ba)嘴巴 (zui3 ba1) (zeoi2), (hau2) (choi) (chhùi)嘴巴 (tsy5 po5) (tsyu3 )
77牙齒牙齿 (yá chǐ)牙齒牙齿 (ya2 ci3-1) (ngaa4) (ngà), 牙齒牙齿 (ngà-chhṳ́)嘴齒嘴齿 (chhùi-khí)牙齒牙齿 (nga6 tshy5)牙子 (nga2 tsy3)
78 (shé), 舌頭舌头 (shé tou)舌頭兒舌头儿 (se2 tour2-1) (lei6)舌嫲 (sa̍t-mà) (chih), 嘴舌 (chhùi-chih)喙舌舌頭舌头 (zeq8 deu6)舌頭舌头 (zeq8 deu2)
79指甲指甲 (zhǐ jia)指甲兒指甲儿 (zi3 jiar2)指甲 (zi2 gaap3)指甲 (chṳ́-kap)指甲 (chéng-kah)掌甲 (ciēng-gák)手指掐 (seu5 tsy5 khaq7)節掐子节掐子 (tsiq7 khaeq7 tsy3)
80 (jiǎo) (juo2) (goek3) (kiok), (kha) (ciaq7) (ciaq7)
81 (tuǐ) (tui3) (goek3), (teoi2)腳髀脚髀 (kiok-pí) (thúi)骹腿 (ciaq7), (the5) (phaon3), (ciaq7)
82 (), 膝蓋膝盖 (xī gài)磕膝頭兒磕膝头儿 (ke2 xi2-1 tour2), 膝蓋膝盖 (xi2 gai4)膝頭膝头 (sat1 tau4), 膝頭哥膝头哥 (sat1 tau4 go1)膝頭膝头 (chhit-theù)腳頭窩脚头窝 (kha-thâu-u)骹屈頭骹屈头腳饅頭脚馒头 (ciaq7 moe6 deu6)膝饅頭膝馒头 (siq7 moe2 deu2), 腳饅頭脚馒头 (ciaq7 moe2 deu2)
83 (shǒu) (sou3) (sau2) () (chhiú) (chiū) (seu5) (seu3)
84 ()*, 翅膀 (chì bǎng)翅膀兒翅膀儿 (zi4 bangr3) (jik6)翼胛 (yi̍t-kap) (e̍k)*, , (si̍t), 翅仔, 翼仔 (si̍t-á), 翅股, 翼股 (si̍t-kó͘)翼翼翅膀 (tshy1 paon5)翨𦑜 (ci5 kaeq7)
85肚子 (dù zi)肚皮 (du4 pi2), 肚子 (du4 zi3-2) (tou5)肚屎 (tú-sṳ́)腹肚 (pak-tó͘)腹老 (bók-lō̤)肚皮 (du6 bi6)肚皮 (dou6 bi2)
86腸子肠子 (cháng zi) (coeng4-2) (chhòng)腸仔肠仔 (pak-tó͘) (dòng)肚腸肚肠 (du6 zan6)肚腸肚肠 (du6 zan2)
87脖子 (bó zi)頸仔颈仔 (jin3 zi3-2), 頸項颈项 (jin3 hang4-2) (geng2)頸根颈根 (kiáng-kîn)頷頸颔颈 (ām-kún)脰骨頭頸头颈 (deu6 cin5)頭頸头颈 (deu2 cin3)
88 (bèi) (bei4)背脊 (bui3 zek3)背囊 (poi-nòng)尻脊骿 (kha-chiah-phiaⁿ)骿 (pe5) (pe5)
89 (xiōng)*, 胸部 (xiōng bù)*, 胸膛 (xiōng táng)*, 乳房 (rǔ fáng)*胸脯 (xiong1 pu3) (hung1), 心口 (sam1 hau2)乳菇 (nen-kû) (hiong)*, 胸部 (hiong-pō͘)*, 胸坎 (heng-khám)*, 奶房 (leng-pông)*?? (shion1) (shion1)
90心臟心脏 (xīn zàng) (xin1) (sam1)心臟心脏 (sîm-chhong)心臟心脏 (sim-chōng)心臟心脏 (sĭng-câung) (shin1) (sin1)
91 (gān)*, 肝臟肝脏 (gān zàng) (gan1) (gon1), 𬂀 (jeon6-2)肝臟肝脏 (kôn-chhong) (koaⁿ)*, 肝臟肝脏 (koaⁿ-chōng)肝臟肝脏 (găng-câung) (zen6), 腰子 (iau1 tsy6) (zen6), 腰子 (iau1 tsy5)
92 () (ho1) (jam2) (lîm) (lim) (haq7), (chiq7) (haeq7), (chiq7)
93 (chī) (ci2) (sik6) (sṳ̍t) (chia̍h) (chiq7) (chiq7)
94 (yǎo) (ngao3) (ngaau5) (ngâu) () (ngau6) (ngau6)
95 ()*, (chuò)*, 吮吸 (shǔn xī)* (kap1), (zyut3) (chhiôn) (khip)*, (empty) (chi̍p)*, (suh)*, (soq7)*, (shiq7) (soq7)
96 ()*, 吐口水 (tǔ kǒu shuǐ)*, 吐痰 (tǔ tán)* (tu3)𦧲 (loe1), (tou3, tu1)𠯟 (lién) (phùi)*, 呸瀾呸澜 (phùi-nōa)*, 呸嘴瀾呸嘴澜 (phùi-chhùi-nōa)*, 呸痰 (phùi-thâm)*, (thu5) (thou3)
97 (ǒu)*, ()*, 嘔吐呕吐 (ǒu tù)* (tu3) (au2) (éu), (phôn) (áu)*, (thò͘)*, 嘔吐呕吐 (áu-thò͘)* (eu5) (eu3)
98 (chuī) (cui1) (ceoi1) (chhôi), 𬅫 (pùn) (chhe), 𬅫 (pûn), (tshy1) (tshy1)
99呼吸呼吸 (hū xī)呼吸 (fu1 xi1)敨氣敨气 (tau2 hei3), 呼吸 (fu1 kap1)敨氣敨气 (théu-hì)呼吸 (ho͘-khip)*, 喘氣喘气 (chhóan-khùi)呼吸 (hù-ngék)呼吸 (hu1 shiq7)呼吸 (hou1 shiq7)
100 (xiào) (xiao4) (siu3) (seu) (chhiò) (chiéu) (shiau5) (siau5)
101 (kàn) (kan4) (gin3), (tai2) (khon) (khòaⁿ) (khoe5) (khoe5)
102 (tīng) (tin1) (teng1) (thâng) (thiaⁿ) (thin1) (thin3)
103知道 (zhī dào), 曉得晓得 (xiǎo de), 認識认识 (rèn shi)*知道 (zi1 dao4), 曉得晓得 (xiao3 de2) (zi1), 知道 (zi1 dou3) (), 知得 (tî tet) (chai), 知影 (chai-iáⁿ), (pat)*曉得晓得 (shiau5 teq7)曉得晓得 (shiau3 teq7)
104 (xiǎng) (xiang3) (nam2) (sióng) (siūⁿ) (shian5) (sian3)
105 (xiù), (wén) (wen2) (man4) (phi) (phīⁿ) (men6) (men2)
106 () (pa4) (geng1), (paa3) (kiâng) (kiaⁿ) (pho5), (haq7) (pho5), (haeq7)
107 (shuì), 睡覺睡觉 (shuì jiào)睡瞌睡 (sui4 ko2 sui4)𰥛 (fan3), 瞓覺𰥛觉 (fan3 gaau3)睡目 (soi-muk) (khùn) (khuen5) (khuen5)
108 (huó) (ho2) (saang1) (sâng) (o̍ah) (weq8) (weq8)
109 () (si3) (sei2) () () (shi5) (si3)
110 (shā) (sa2) (saat3) (chhṳ̀) (thâi) (saq7) (saeq7)
111吵架 (chǎo jià)*, 打架 (dǎ jià)*, 打仗 (dǎ zhàng)*吵架 (cao3 jia4), 角逆 (go2 nyie2) (zaang1)相打 (siông-tá)冤家 (oan-ke)*, 相拍 (sio-phah)*, 相刣 (sio-thâi)*相拍 (siŏng-*páh)打相打 (tan5 shian1 tan5)相打 (sian1 tan3), 打相打 (tan3 sian1 tan3)
112打獵打猎 (dǎ liè)打獵打猎 (daa2 lip6)打獵打猎 (tá-lia̍p)拍獵拍猎 (phah-la̍h)打獵打猎 (tan5 laq8)打獵打猎 (tan3 laeq8)
113 () (da3) (daa2) () (phah) (tan5)*, (khau1)* (tan3), (khau1)
114 ()*, (qiē)*, (jiǎn)* (cit3), (zin2) (kot) (koah)*, (chhiat)*, (ka)*, 𭄛 (tse1), (chiq7), (ci5)* (tse1), (tsie3)*
115劈開劈开 (pī kāi)*, 裂開裂开 (liè kāi)*, 分開分开 (fēn kāi)*分開分开 (fan1 hoi1)擘開擘开 (pak-khôi)破開破开, 剖開剖开 (phòa-khui)*, 裂開裂开 (liʔ²¹ kʰui⁵⁵)*, 分開分开 (hun-khui)* (fen1) (fen1)
116 () (caap3), (tung2) (chhiuk) (chhì), 𰄞 (chân), (tu̍h) (tshoq7), (zoq8)* (tshoq7)
117 (sāo), (zhuā) (kou1) (gwaat3), 𢯎 (ngaau1) (yet) () (nau6) (tsau1)
118 (), (jué) (wa1) (gwat6) (yet) (ó͘, óe, iah), (liú), (ku̍t) (uaq7) (uaeq7)
119游泳 (yóu yǒng)游泳 (you2 yun4)游水 (jau4 seoi2)泅水 (tsiù-súi)泅水 (siû-chúi)游泳 (yeu6 ion5)游泳 (yeu2 ion3)
120 (fēi) (fei1) (fei1) () (pe) (fi1) (fi1)
121 (zǒu)*, 走路 (zǒu lù)*, 步行 (bù xíng)* (zou3) (haang4) (hàng) (kiâⁿ)*, 行路 (kiâⁿ-lō͘)*, 步行 (pō͘-hêng)*, 步行 (pō͘-kiâⁿ)*, 步輦步辇 (pō͘-lián)* (tseu5) (tseu3)
122 (lái) (nai2) (lai4) (loi2) (lâi) (le6) (le2)
123 (tǎng) (tang3)𰥛 (fan3) (soi4) ()* (khuen5), (thaon5) (thaon3), (wan2)
124 (zuò) (zo4) (co5) (chhô) (chē) (zu6) (zou6)
125 (zhàn) (zan4) (kei5) () (chām)*, , (khiā) (liq8) (liq8)
126 (zhuǎn)* (guai3) (zyun3) (chón) (oat)* (tsoe5) (tsoe5)
127落下 (luò xià)*, 掉下 (diào xià)* (diao4) (dit3) (tiet)落落 (lak-lo̍h)𰺲 (loq8) (loq8)
128 (gěi) (ge1) (bei2) (pûn), , (hō͘), (peq7) (peq7)
129 (), () (na2) (zaa1) (khià) (the̍h) (ne1/nau1/no1/no6) (no2)
130 () (ji1) (gep6) (ngién)𢯰 (lu̍t) (gniaq8), (tsen5)* (gniaeq7)
131 (róu)* (rua2) (caat3), (zeot1) (chhu̍t) (loán) (lu1) (bu2), (nou2), (lou1)
132 () (xi3) (sai2) () (sóe) (da6) (da6)
133 () (ca2), (kai1) (maat3) (chhu̍t) (chhit) (kha1) (kha1)
134 () (ce3) (laai1), (mang1) (pâng) (khiú, giú) (la1) (la1)
135 (tuī) (song3) (teoi1), (ung2)𢱤 (súng) (sak) (the1) (the1)
136 (rēng), (diū) (suai3) (dam2), (deu6) (te̍p) (tàn) (gue6) (gue6)
137 (bǎng) (bang1), (kun3), (suan1) (bong2) (póng) (pa̍k) (boq8) (paon3)
138 (féng) (fong4) (lyun4) (liòn) (pâng), 𮉢 (thīⁿ)𬘜 (von6) (von2)
139 (shǔ), (diǎn) (su3) (sou2) (son) (siàu) (su5) (sou3)
140 (shuō), (jiǎng) (so2) (gong2), (waa6) (kóng) (kóŋ) (kaon5) (kaon3)
141 (chàng) (cang4) (coeng3) (chhong) (chhiùⁿ) (chióng) (tshaon5) (tshaon5)
142 (wán) (sua3) (waan2) (káu), (liau) (sńg), 跮踱, 𨑨迌 (chhit-thô)*客佻孛相, 白相 (beq8 shian5)孛相, 白相 (beq8 sian5)
143 () (fu2) (fau4) () (phû) (veu6/vu6) (vu2)
144 (liú) (niu2) (lau4) (liù) (lâu) (phiau1) (phiau1)
145結冰结冰 (jié bīng), 凍結冻结 (dòng jié)結冰结冰 (jie2 bin1)結冰结冰 (git3 bing1)凍結冻结 (tung-kiet)結冰结冰 (kiat-peng)結冰结冰 (ton5) (ton5)
146膨脹膨胀 (péng zhàng) (zoeng3) (chúng)膨大 (phòng-tōa) (tsan5) (tsan5)
147太陽太阳 (tài yang)太陽太阳 (tai4 yang2)太陽太阳 (taai3 joeng4), 日頭日头 (jat6 tau4-2), 熱頭热头 (jit6 tau4-2)日頭日头 (ngit-thèu)太陽太阳 (thài-iông)*, 日頭日头 (ji̍t-thâu)*日頭日头 (nĭk-tàu)太陽太阳 (tha5 yan6)太陽太阳 (tha5 yan2)
148月亮 (yuè liang)月亮 (yue2 niang4)月亮 (jyut6 loeng6)月光 (ngie̍t-kông)月亮 (ge̍h-niû) (nguŏk)月亮 (yuiq8 lian6)月亮 (ngeq8 lian6)*, 亮月 (lian6 ngeq8)*
149 (xīng), 恆星恒星 (héng xīng)*星宿兒星宿儿 (xin1 xiur4), 星星兒星星儿 (xin1 xinr1) (sing1)星仔 (sên-é) (chhiⁿ)星星星星 (shin1 shin1), (shin1) (sin1), 星星 (sin1 sin1)
150 (shuǐ) (sui3) (seoi2) (súi) (chùi) (sy5), (zo6)* (syu3), (zo2)*
151 () (yu3) (jyu5) () (hō͘) (yu6) (yu6)
152 () (ho2) (ho4) () ()河浜 (wu6 pan1) (ghou2), (pan1)*
153 () (fu2) (wu4) () (ô͘) () (wu6) (ghou6)
154 (hǎi) (hai3) (hoi2) (hói) (hái) (he5) (he3)
155 (yán)鹽巴盐巴 (yan2 ba1) (jim4) (yàm) (iâm) (yi6) (ye2)
156 (shí)*, 石頭石头 (shí tou)石頭石头 (si2 tou2-1) (sek6), 石頭石头 (sek6 tau4)石牯 (石牯) (chio̍h)*, 石頭石头 (chio̍h-thâu)石頭石头 (zaq8 deu6)石頭石头 (zaq8 deu2)
157 (shā)河沙 (ho2 sa1) (saa1) () (soa)沙子 (so1 tsy5) (so1), 河沙 (ghou2 so1)
158塵土尘土 (chén tǔ) (hui1) (can4)塵灰尘灰 (chhṳ̀n-fôi)土粉 (thô͘-hún)塕塵塕尘 (ŭng-dìng) (hue1), 灰塵灰尘 (hue1 zen6)灰塵灰尘 (hue1 zen2)
159地球 (dì qiú)* (tu3) (nai4)土地 (thú-thi)地球 (tē-kiû)*爛泥烂泥 (na6 gni6)爛泥烂泥 (le6 gni2)
160 (yún) (yun2) (wan4) (yun2) (hûn) (hùng) (yun6) (yun2)
161 () (wu4) (mou6)濛沙蒙沙 (mùng-sâ) () (wu6)迷露 (mi2 lou6)
162 (tiān) (tian1) (tin1) (thiên) (thiⁿ) (tiĕng) (thi1) (thie1)
163 (fēng) (fong1) (fung1) (fûng) (hong) (fon1) (fon1)
164 (xuě) (xue2) (syut3) (siet) (seh) (siók) (shiq7) (siq7)
165 (bīng) (bin1) (bing1) (pen²⁴) (peng) (pin1) (pin1)
166 (yān)煙煙烟烟 (yan1 yan1) (jin1) (yên) (hun) (i1) (ie1)
167 (huǒ) (ho3) (fo2) () () (hu5) (hou3)
168 (huī)*, 灰燼灰烬 (huī jìn) (hui1) (fui1) (fôi) (he)*, 火灰 (hé-hu) (hue1) (hue1)
169 (shāo) (sao1) (siu1) (sêu) (hiâⁿ) (sau1) (sau1)
170 () (nu4) (lou6) (lu) (lō͘)𰉣 (lu6) (lou6)
171 (shān) (san1) (saan1) (sân) (soaⁿ) (săng) (se1) (se1)
172 (hóng) (hong2) (hung4)紅色红色 (fùng-set) (âng) (ghon6), 紅顏色红颜色 (ghon6 nge6 seq7) (ghon2)
173绿 ()绿 (nu2)绿 (luk6)青色 (chhiâng-set)绿 (le̍k), (chhiⁿ)绿绿 (loq8), 綠顏色绿颜色 (loq8 nge6 seq7)绿 (loq8)
174 (huáng) (huang2) (wong4)黃色黄色 (vòng-set) (n̂g) (uòng) (waon6), 黃顏色黄颜色 (waon6 nge6 seq7) (waon2)
175 (bái) (be2) (baak6)白色 (pha̍k-set) (pe̍h) (baq8), 白顏色白颜色 (baq8 nge6 seq7) (baq8)
176 (hēi) (he2) (hak1)烏色乌色 (vû-set) () (ŭ) (heq7), 黑顏色黑颜色 (heq7 nge6 seq7) (heq7)
177夜晚 (yè wǎn)擦黑 (ca2 he2), 晚上 (wan3 sang4)夜晚 (je6 maan5), 夜晚黑 (je6 maan5 hak1), 晚黑 (maan5 hak1), 晚頭晚头 (maan5 tau4-2)暗晡 (am-pû)暗時暗时 (àm-sî)暝晡夜裏夜里 (ya6 li6), 夜裏向夜里向 (ya6 li6 shian5), 夜到 (ya6 tau5), 夜頭夜头 (ya6 deu6)夜裏夜里 (ia1 li6), 夜裏向夜里向 (ia1 li6 shian5)
178白天 (bái tiān)白天 (be2 tian1)日頭日头 (jat6 tau4-2)日時頭日时头 (ngit-sṳ̀-thèu)日時日时 (ji̍t-sî)日中日裏向日里向 (gniq8 li6 shian5), 日裏日里 (gniq8 li6)日裏日里 (gniq8 li6), 日裏向日里向 (gniq8 li6 shian5)
179 (nián) (nyian2) (nin4) (ngièn) () (nièng) (gni6) (gnie2)
180溫暖温暖 (wēn nuǎn) (nyun5) (ngie̍t)燒烙烧烙 (sio-lō)暖熱暖热 (noe6 gniq8), (uen1)暖熱暖热 (noe2 gniq8), (uen1)*
181 (lěng) (nen3) (dung3) (lâng) (kôaⁿ) (lan6) (lan6)
182滿滿 (mǎn)滿 (man3)滿 (mun5)滿 (muāng)滿 (bóan/móa), , (tīⁿ)滿滿 (moe6)*, (pau5)*滿 (moe6)*, (pau3)*
183 (xīn) (xin1) (san1) (sîn) (sin) (sĭng) (shin1) (sin1)
184 (lǎo)*, (jiù)* (nao3)*, (jiu4)* (gau6) (), (khiu)* (lāu)*, ()* (jieu6)*, (lau6)* (jieu6)*, (lau6)*
185 (hǎo) (hao3) (hou2) () () (hau5) (hau3)
186 (huài) (huai4), (pie4) (waai6) (fái) (pháiⁿ) (wa6) (chieu1), (wa6/ua5 (old fashioned))
187 (làn) (laan6) (fái)𮩝 (àu), 臭爛臭烂 (chhàu-nōa)飲腐饮腐 (le6) (le6)
188 (zāng) (zang1), 齷齪龌龊 (o2 co1)污糟 (wu1 zou1), 邋遢 (laat6 taat3)垃圾 (lá-sap)垃圾 (lah-sap)拉渣齷齪龌龊 (oq7 tshoq7)齷齪龌龊 (oq7 tshoq7)
189 (zhí) (ni2) (zik6) (chhṳ̍t) (tit) (dĭk) (zeq8) (zeq8)
190 (yuán) (yuan2) (jyun4) (yèn) (îⁿ), (yuoe6) (yoe2)
191 (jiān)*, ()*, 鋒利锋利 (fēng lì), 銳利锐利 (ruì lì) (jian1) (lei6) (chiâm) (lāi) (khua5) (khua5)
192 (dùn) (den4) (deon6), (gwat6) (thun) (tūn)𣍐利𫧃利 (den6) (den6)
193光滑 (guāng huá) (waat6) (va̍t)光滑 (kng-ku̍t) (kuaon1) (kuaon1)
194湿 (shī)湿 (si2)湿 (sap1)湿 (sṳp)湿 (sip), (tâm), 潮濕潮湿, (zau6), 湿 (seq7) (zau2), 湿 (seq7)
195 (gān) (gan1) (gon1) (châu) (ta) (koe1) (koe1)
196 (duì)*, 正確正确 (zhèng què)* (dui4) (ngaam1) (chho̍k) (tio̍h)*, 正確正确 (chèng-khak)*正確正确 (ciáng-káuk), 無綻无绽 (te5) (te5)
197 (jìn) (jin4) (kan5) (khiûn) (kūn), 接近 (jin6) (jin6)
198 (yuǎn) (yuan3) (jyun5) (yèn) (hn̄g) (yoe6) (yoe6)
199 (yòu) (you4) (jau6) (yu) (chiàⁿ) (iêu) (yeu6) (yoe6)
200 (zuǒ) (zo3) (zo2) (chó) () (cō̤) (tsu5) (tsou3)
201 (zài) (zai4) (hai2), (hoeng2) (chhai), (), (laq8), 辣辣 (laq8 laq8), 辣海 (laq8 he5), 辣該辣该 (laq8 ke5) (leq8), 勒裏勒里 (leq8 li6)*, 勒浪 (leq8 laon6)*, 勒篤勒笃 (leq6 toq7)*, 勒海 (leq8 he5)*
202在…… 裡在…… 里 (zài… lǐ) (zai4)裡便里便 (leoi5 bin6), 入便 (jap6 bin6), 裡面里面 (leoi5 min6), 入面 (jap6 min6) (chhai)佇……裡伫……里 (tī… lāi)裡勢里势 (diē-sié)裏向里向 (li6 shian5), 裏頭里头 (li6 deu6), (li6)裏面里面 (li6 mi6), 裏向里向 (li6 shian5), (li6)
203 () (ho2) (tung4) (lâu), (thùng) (kap) (teq7), (theq7), (kau1/kau5), (ken1), (paon1), (lau6)* (taeq7)
204 (gēn) (ho2) (tung4), 同埋 (tung4 maai4) (lâu), (thùng) (kap) (teq7), (theq7), 得仔 (teq7 tsy5), 脫仔脱仔 (theq7 tsy5), (kau1/kau5), (paon1), (ken1) (taeq7), 搭仔 (taeq7 tsy3)
205如果 (rú guǒ)假比 (jia3 bi3)如果 (jyu4 gwo2)若係若系 (na-he)若是 (nā-sī)若是, 如果 (ṳ̀-guō)假使 (cia6 sy5), 如果 (zy6 ku5)假使 (ka5 sy3), 如果 (zyu2 kou3)
206因爲因为 (yīn wèi)因為因为 (yin1 wei4)因為因为 (jan1 wai6)因為因为 (yîn-vì), 因爭因争 (yîn-chên)因為因为 (in-ūi)因為因为 (ĭng-ôi)因為因为 (in1 we6), (lau6)*因為因为 (in1 we6)
207 (míng)*, 名字 (míng zi)* (min2) (meng4-2) (miàng) (miâ)*名字 (miàng-cê)名字 (min6 zy6)名字 (min2 zy6)

欧洲诸语[编辑]

序列 英語 法語 德語 意大利語 西班牙語 荷蘭語 瑞典語 拉丁語
1 I * je ich io yo ik jag ego
2 you sing., thou tu, vous (formal) du, Sie (formal) tu, Lei (formal) , usted (formal) jij, je, u (formal) du tu
3 he il er lui, egli él hij han is, ea
4 we * nous wir noi nosotros wij, we vi nos
5 you pl. vous ihr, Sie (formal) voi vosotros, ustedes (formal) jullie, u (formal) ni vos
6 they ils, elles sie loro, essi ellos, ellas zij, ze de ii, eae
7 this * ceci dieses questo este deze, dit det här hic, is
8 that * cela jenes, das quello ese, aquel die, dat det där ille
9 here ici hier qui, qua aquí, acá hier här hic
10 there dort ahí, allí, allá daar där ibi
11 who * qui wer chi quien wie vem quis
12 what * quoi was che que wat vad quid
13 where wo dove donde waar var ubi
14 when quand wann quando cuando wanneer när quando
15 how comment wie come como hoe hur quam, quomodo
16 not * ne...pas nicht non no niet inte, ej non
17 all * tout alle tutto todo al, alle alla omnis
18 many * plusieurs viele molti muchos veel många multi
19 some quelques einige alcuni algunos, unos enkele, sommige några, vissa aliqui, aliquot
20 few peu wenige pochi poco weinig pauci
21 other autre andere altro otro ander annan alter, alius
22 one * un eins uno uno een ett unus
23 two * deux zwei due dos twee två duo
24 three trois drei tre tres drie tre tres
25 four quatre vier quattro cuatro vier fyra quattuor
26 five cinq fünf cinque cinco vijf fem quinque
27 big * grand groß grande grande groot stor magnus, grandis
28 long * long lang lungo largo lang lång longus
29 wide large breit, weit largo ancho breed, wijd bred, vid latus
30 thick épais dick spesso grueso dik tjock creber
31 heavy lourd schwer pesante pesado zwaar tung gravis
32 small * petit klein piccolo pequeño klein liten parvus
33 short court kurz corto corto kort kort brevis
34 narrow étroit eng stretto estrecho, angosto smal trång angustus
35 thin mince dünn sottile delgado, flaco dun tunn macer
36 woman * femme Frau donna mujer vrouw kvinna femina
37 man (adult male) homme Mann uomo hombre man man vir
38 man * (human being) homme Mensch uomo hombre mens människa homo
39 child enfant Kind bambino niño kind barn puer
40 wife femme, épouse Frau, Ehefrau moglie esposa, mujer vrouw, echtgenote hustru, maka, fru uxor, mulier
41 husband mari, époux Mann, Ehemann marito esposo, marido man, echtgenoot man, make maritus
42 mother mère Mutter madre madre moeder mamma, mor mater
43 father père Vater padre padre vader pappa, far pater
44 animal animal Tier animale animal dier djur animal
45 fish * poisson Fisch pesce pez, pescado vis fisk piscis
46 bird * oiseau Vogel uccello ave, pájaro vogel fågel avis
47 dog * chien Hund cane perro hond hund canis
48 louse * pou Laus pidocchio piojo luis lus pedis
49 snake serpent Schlange serpente serpiente, culebra slang orm serpens
50 worm ver Wurm verme gusano worm mask vermis
51 tree * arbre Baum albero árbol boom träd arbor
52 forest forêt Wald foresta bosque woud skog silva
53 stick bâton Stock bastone palo stok pinne fustis
54 fruit fruit Frucht frutta fruta fruit, vrucht frukt fructus
55 seed * graine Samen seme semilla zaad frö semen
56 leaf * feuille Blatt foglia hoja blad löv, blad folium
57 root * racine Wurzel radice raíz wortel rot radix
58 bark * (from tree) écorce Rinde corteccia corteza schors bark cortex
59 flower fleur Blume fiore flor bloem blomma flos
60 grass herbe Gras erba hierba, pasto gras gräs herba
61 rope corde Seil corda cuerda touw, koord rep funis
62 skin * peau Haut pelle piel huid hud cutis
63 meat viande Fleisch carne carne vlees kött caro
64 blood * sang Blut sangue sangre bloed blod sanguis
65 bone * os Knochen osso hueso been, bot ben os
66 fat * (n.) graisse Fett grasso grasa vet fett adeps
67 egg * œuf Ei uovo huevo ei ägg ovum
68 horn * corne Horn corno cuerno hoorn horn cornu
69 tail * queue Schwanz coda cola staart svans cauda
70 feather * plume Feder piuma pluma veer fjäder penna
71 hair * cheveu Haar capelli cabello, pelo haar hår capillus, coma, crinis
72 head * tête Kopf, Haupt testa cabeza hoofd, kop huvud caput
73 ear * oreille Ohr orecchio oreja oor öra auris
74 eye * œil Auge occhio ojo oog öga oculus
75 nose * nez Nase naso nariz neus näsa nasus
76 mouth * bouche Mund bocca boca mond mun os
77 tooth * dent Zahn dente diente tand tand dens
78 tongue * langue Zunge lingua lengua tong tunga lingua
79 fingernail ongle Fingernagel unghia uña vingernagel nagel unguis
80 foot * pied Fuß piede pie voet fot pes
81 leg jambe Bein gamba pierna been ben crus
82 knee * genou Knie ginocchio rodilla knie knä genu
83 hand * main Hand mano mano hand hand manus
84 wing aile Flügel ala ala vleugel vinge ala
85 belly * ventre Bauch pancia barriga, vientre, panza buik mage venter
86 guts entrailles Eingeweide, Innereien intestino entrañas, tripas ingewanden inälvor intestina
87 neck * cou Hals collo cuello nek hals, nacke collum, cervix
88 back dos Rücken schiena espalda rug rygg tergum
89 breast * sein, poitrine Brust petto pecho, seno borst bröst pectus, mamma
90 heart * cœur Herz cuore corazón hart hjärta cor
91 liver * foie Leber fegato hígado lever lever iecur
92 drink * boire trinken bere beber, tomar drinken dricka bibere
93 eat * manger essen mangiare comer eten äta edere
94 bite * mordre beißen mordere morder bijten bita mordere
95 suck sucer saugen succhiare chupar zuigen suga sugere
96 spit cracher spucken sputare escupir spuwen spotta sputare
97 vomit vomir erbrechen vomitare vomitar braken, overgeven kräkas, spy vomere
98 blow souffler blasen soffiare soplar blazen blåsa flare
99 breathe respirer atmen respirare respirar ademen andas spirare
100 laugh rire lachen ridere reír lachen skratta ridere
101 see * voir sehen vedere ver zien se videre
102 hear * entendre hören udire, sentire oír horen höra audire
103 know * (a fact) savoir wissen sapere saber weten veta scire
104 think penser denken pensare pensar denken tänka putare
105 smell sentir riechen odorare, annusare oler ruiken lukta olere
106 fear craindre, avoir peur fürchten temere temer vrezen, angst frukta, rädas timere
107 sleep * dormir schlafen dormire dormir slapen sova dormire
108 live vivre leben vivere vivir leven leva vivere
109 die * mourir sterben morire morir sterven mori
110 kill * tuer töten uccidere matar doden döda necare
111 fight se battre kämpfen combattere pelear vechten strida pugnare
112 hunt chasser jagen cacciare cazar jagen jaga venari
113 hit frapper schlagen colpire golpear slaan slå pellere
114 cut couper schneiden tagliare cortar snijden skära secare
115 split fendre spalten dividere, separare partir splijten dela, klyva scindere, partiri
116 stab poignarder stechen pugnalare apuñalar steken sticka traicere
117 scratch gratter kratzen graffiare arañar, rascar krabben klia radere
118 dig creuser graben scavare cavar graven gräva fodere
119 swim * nager schwimmen nuotare nadar zwemmen simma natare
120 fly * (v.) voler fliegen volare volar vliegen flyga volare
121 walk * marcher gehen camminare caminar lopen gradi
122 come * venir kommen venire venir komen komma venire
123 lie * s'étendre liegen distendersi echarse, acostarse, tenderse liggen ligga iacere
124 sit * s'asseoir sitzen sedere sentarse zitten sitta sedere
125 stand * se lever stehen stare in piedi estar de pie staan stå stare
126 turn tourner drehen girare voltear draaien svänga vertere
127 fall tomber fallen cadere caer vallen falla cadere
128 give * donner geben dare dar geven ge dare
129 hold tenir halten tenere sostener houden hålla tenere
130 squeeze serrer quetschen spremere apretar knijpen klämma premere
131 rub frotter reiben strofinare frotar, restregar wrijven gnida fricare
132 wash laver waschen lavare lavar wassen tvätta lavare
133 wipe essuyer wischen asciugare limpiar vegen rensa tergere
134 pull tirer ziehen tirare tirar trekken dra trahere
135 push pousser drücken spingere empujar duwen trycka pellere, urgere
136 throw jeter werfen tirare tirar werpen, gooien kasta iacere
137 tie lier binden legare atar knopen knyta, binda stringere, ligare
138 sew coudre nähen cucire coser naaien sy suere
139 count compter zählen contare contar tellen räkna numerare
140 say * dire sagen dire decir zeggen säga dicere
141 sing chanter singen cantare cantar zingen sjunga canere
142 play jouer spielen giocare jugar spelen leka, spela ludere
143 float flotter schweben galleggiare flotar zweven flyta fluctuare
144 flow couler fließen fluire fluir vloeien rinna fluere
145 freeze geler frieren gelare helar vriezen frysa gelare
146 swell gonfler schwellen gonfiare hincharse zwellen svälla inflare
147 sun * soleil Sonne sole sol zon sol sol
148 moon * lune Mond luna luna maan måne luna
149 star * étoile Stern stella estrella ster stjärna stella
150 water * eau Wasser acqua agua water vatten aqua
151 rain * pluie Regen pioggia lluvia regen regn pluvia
152 river rivière Fluß fiume río rivier flod fluvius
153 lake lac See lago lago meer sjö lacus
154 sea mer Meer, See mare mar zee hav mare
155 salt sel Salz sale sal zout salt sal
156 stone * pierre Stein pietra piedra steen sten lapis, petra
157 sand * sable Sand sabbia arena zand sand arena
158 dust poussière Staub polvere polvo stof damm pulvis
159 earth * terre Erde terra tierra aarde jord terra
160 cloud * nuage Wolke nuvola nube wolk moln nimbus, nubes
161 fog brouillard Nebel nebbia niebla mist, nevel dimma caligo, nebula
162 sky ciel Himmel cielo cielo lucht himmel caelum
163 wind vent Wind vento viento wind vind ventus
164 snow neige Schnee neve nieve sneeuw snö nix
165 ice glace Eis ghiaccio hielo ijs is glacies
166 smoke * fumée Rauch fumo humo rook rök fumus
167 fire * feu Feuer fuoco fuego vuur eld ignis
168 ashes * cendres Asche ceneri cenizas as aska cineres
169 burn * brûler brennen bruciare quemar branden brinna ardere
170 road * route Straße strada camino weg väg via
171 mountain * montagne Berg montagna montaña berg berg mons
172 red * rouge rot rosso rojo rood röd ruber
173 green * vert grün verde verde groen grön viridis
174 yellow * jaune gelb giallo amarillo geel gul flavus
175 white * blanc weiß bianco blanco wit vit albus, candidus
176 black * noir schwarz nero negro zwart svart niger, ater, fuscus
177 night * nuit Nacht notte noche nacht natt nox
178 day jour Tag giorno día dag dag dies
179 year an, année Jahr anno año jaar år annus
180 warm * chaud warm caldo cálido, tibio warm varm calidus
181 cold * froid kalt freddo frío koud kall frigidus
182 full * plein voll pieno lleno vol full plenus
183 new * nouveau neu nuovo nuevo nieuw ny novus
184 old vieux alt vecchio viejo oud gammal vetus
185 good * bon gut buono bueno goed bra bonus
186 bad mauvais schlecht cattivo malo slecht dålig malus
187 rotten pourri verrottet marcio podrido rot rutten puter, putridus
188 dirty sale schmutzig sporco sucio vies smutsig sordidus
189 straight droit gerade diritto recto recht rak rectus
190 round * rond rund rotondo redondo rond rund rotundus
191 sharp tranchant, pointu, aigu scharf aguzzo, affilato afilado scherp vass acer
192 dull émoussé stumpf noioso desafilado stomp, bot slö hebes
193 smooth lisse glatt liscio suave, liso glad len, slät levis
194 wet mouillé nass, feucht bagnato mojado nat våt, blöt umidus
195 dry * sec trocken asciutto, secco seco droog torr siccus
196 correct juste, correct richtig corretto correcto juist, correct rätt, riktig rectus
197 near proche nah, nahe vicino cerca dichtbij nära propinquus
198 far loin weit, fern lontano lejos ver långt bort, fjärran longinquus
199 right à droite rechts destra derecha rechts höger dexter
200 left à gauche links sinistra izquierda links vänster sinister
201 at à bei, an a a, en, ante aan, te, bij hos, vid ad
202 in dans in in en in i in
203 with avec mit con con met med cum
204 and et und e y en och et
205 if si wenn, falls, ob se si als, indien om si
206 because parce que weil perché porque omdat eftersom, ty quia, quoniam
207 name * nom Name nome nombre naam namn nomen
斯氏核心詞
單語

南非語 – 阿爾巴尼亞語 – 阿姆哈拉語 – 安地列斯克里奧爾語 – 阿拉伯語: (標準阿拉伯語埃及巴勒斯坦突尼斯塞浦路斯) – 亞美尼亞語 – 阿羅馬尼亞語 – 阿薩姆語 – 班加拉語 – 巴什基爾語 – 巴斯克語 – 白俄羅斯語 – 孟加拉語 – 柏柏爾語: (施盧赫語) – 布列塔尼語 – 布吉語 – 保加利亞語 – 緬甸語 – 布魯夏斯基語 – 佛得角克里奧爾語 – 加泰羅尼亞語 – 宿霧語 – 車臣語 – 漢語  (官話 (普通話四川話)、 粵語客語閩語 (閩南語閩東語)、 吳語 (上海話蘇州話)) – 康沃爾語 – 捷克語 – 達爾馬提亞語 – 丹麥語 – 荷蘭語 (林堡語低地德語澤蘭語) – 埃及語 – 英語: (古英語, 中古英語) – 埃蘭語 – 愛沙尼亞語 – 斐濟印地語 – 斐濟語 – 芬蘭語 – 芳語 – 法語 (古法語) – 西弗里斯蘭語 – 弗留利語 – 加利西亞語 – 格魯吉亞語 – 德語 – 希臘語: (現代希臘語古希臘語) – 瓜拉尼語 – 幾內亞比紹克里奧爾語 – 古吉拉特語 – 海地克里奧爾語 – 豪薩語 – 希伯來語 – 印地語 – 赫梯語 – 苗語 – 匈牙利語 – 冰島語 – 伊洛卡諾語 – 印尼語 – 愛爾蘭語 – 意大利語 (那不勒斯語西西里語) – 日語 – 爪哇語 – 濟州語 - 吉兆話 - 卡舒比語 – 高棉語 – 朝鮮語 – 庫爾德語 – 拉丁語 - 拉脫維亞語 – 林加拉語 – 立陶宛語 – 邏輯語 – 馬其頓語 – 馬卡薩語 – 馬拉加斯語 – 馬來語 – 馬爾他語 – 曼島語 – 馬拉地語 – 毛里求斯克里奧爾語 – 梅格萊諾-羅馬尼亞語 – 蒙古語 – 挪威語: (書面挪威語新挪威語) – 奧吉布瓦語 – 沖繩語 – 奧塞梯語 – 帕皮阿門托語 – 波蘭語 – 葡萄牙語 (古葡萄牙語) – 旁遮普語 – 普雷佩查語 – 克丘亞語 – 羅姆語 – 羅馬尼亞語 – 俄語 – 梵語 – 蘇格蘭蓋爾語 – 塞爾維亞-克羅地亞語 – 斯洛伐克語 – 斯洛文尼亞語 – 索馬里語 – 西班牙語 – 蘇里南湯加語 – 蘇美爾語 – 巽他語 – 斯瓦希里語 – 瑞典語 – 塔加洛語 – 大溪地語 – 塔吉克語 – 特米亞爾語 – 泰語 – 吐火羅語B – 托克皮辛語 – 土耳其語 – 圖瓦盧語 – 烏克蘭語 – 越南語 – 瓦隆語 – 威爾士語 – 西海岸巴瑤語 – 扎扎其語 – 祖魯語

語支、語族、語系、地域語言集合

亞非語 – 阿爾岡昆-易洛魁語 – 南亞語 – 南島語 – 波羅的語 – 班圖語 – 凱爾特語 – 楚馬什-霍坎語 – 德內–葉尼塞語 – 達羅毗荼語 – 芬蘭語支 – 臺灣原住民語言 – 弗里斯蘭語 – 日耳曼語 – 苗瑤語 – 印度-雅利安語 – 印度-伊朗語 – 意大利語族 – 日本語族 – 壯侗語 – 瑪雅語 – 穆斯科格語 – 尼日爾–剛果語 – 歐托-曼格語 – 古西伯利亞諸語言 – 佩紐蒂語 – 羅曼語 – 漢藏語:  (漢語組藏緬語藏緬語 (尼泊爾)) – 舍朱奔語庫基-欽語 – 斯拉夫語 – 蘇-波尼語 – 南美諸語言 – 通古斯語 – 圖皮語 – 突厥語 – 烏拉爾語 – 猶他-阿茲特克語

人工語言

世界語 – 伊多語 – 因特語 – 東方國際語 – 新共同語言 – 道本語 – 沃拉普克語

重構上古語言

原始南島語 – 原始波羅的-斯拉夫語 – 原始巴斯克語 – 原始印歐語 – 原始印度-伊朗語 – 日本祖語 – 原始斯拉夫語 – 通俗拉丁語