luna

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:Lunalunãlunălunąlůnałunałunąłúna Łuna

英語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自拉丁語 lūna (月亮;月份;新月)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

luna (複數 lunas)

  1. (昆蟲學) 月形天蠶蛾
    • 1944, Elizabeth Enright, Then There Were Five,[1] Farrar & Rinehart, page 80:
      “Gee,” whispered Oliver. He sat there staring. “A luna! I never thought I’d see a real luna!”
    • 1969, Sterling North, “An Introduction to Butterflies and Moths”, in Boys’ Life, May 1969 issue, Boy Scouts of America, page 64:
      On the previous evening we had discovered with delight a luna with the fabulous moons, one on each pale green wing.
    • 2010, Sally Roth (contributor), in Judy Pray (compiler), Garden Wisdom & Know-How: Everything You Need to Know to Plant, Grow, and Harvest, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc., ISBN 978-1-57912-837-1, page 348:
      Spray BT on your young oak to protect against gypsy moths, and you wipe out future lunas, cecropias, and everything else on the leaves, along with the pests.
  2. (基督教, 主要用於天主教和Anglicanism) 月牙形的容器,主要用玻璃製成,用於將盛放聖餐臺上的主食(麵包)直立 [自19世紀][1]
    • 1907 May, “Dominicanus”, “The Rosary and the Blessed Sacrament”, in the Dominican Friars, The Rosary Magazine, Volume 30, Number 5, page 494:
      The Bread of Angels is first taken from the tabernacle, where it rests in the luna, and placed upon the altar, covered with a corporal. After genuflecting, the priest puts the luna containing the Blessed Sacrament on its throne—the monstrance—and elevates it []
    • 1917,John F. Sullivan, The Externals of the Catholic Church,BiblioLife, LLC,出版年份2009, →ISBN, 頁號115–116:
      This receptacle is called a “luna” or “lunula” (a moon, or a little moon), and has glass on either side, so that the Host may be seen when enclosed therein. [] [] ¶ The ciborium, the pyx and luna of the ostensorium are blessed with a simpler formula than that used for the chalice, and [] [] ¶ The chalice, the paten, the luna and the pyx are sacred things, true sacramentals, and are worthy of deepest reverence; for []
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2007,John Trigilio; Kenneth Brighenti, The Catholicism Answer Book: The 300 Most Frequently Asked Questions,Sourcebooks, Inc., →ISBN, 頁號156:
      The luna, which is a piece of glass in the shape of a moon, contains the Blessed Sacrament, previously consecrated. The luna is then placed in the middle of the sunburst of the monstrance.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
同義詞[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

來自夏威夷語 luna (領導;導師)[2]

名詞[编辑]

luna (複數 luna lunas)

  1. (夏威夷) 種植園工頭
    • 1922, U. G. Murphy, “The Japanese Problem in Hawaii: How the Task of Christianizing and Americanizing the Oriental is Progressing”, in The Friend, Volume 91, Number 6 (June 1922) page 130:
      There are several reasons why the Hawaiian-born Japanese boys and girls do not take kindly to plantation labor, but one of the chief reasons is the objection to the kind of lunas who oversee the work of the laborers.
    • 1959James MichenerHawaii[2],Fawcett Crest,出版年份1986, →ISBN, 頁號737:
      [] haoles could not visualize Chinese or Japanese in positions of authority. And from sad experience, the great plantation owners had discovered that the Americans they could get to serve as lunas were positively no good. Capable Americans expected office jobs and incapable ones were unable to control the Oriental []
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2000,Sally Engle Merry, Colonizing Hawai'i: the cultural power of law, 頁號321:
      After the day was over I went to the luna to count my day but he would not. Then I went to him the second time and he said he would not put it down.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2012Julia Flynn SilerLost Kingdom,Grove Press, 頁號35:
      Capital punishment was outlawed by the government but some plantation managers and luna still delivered lashings and other forms of abuse.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
使用說明[编辑]
  • 這個名詞在英語雖然有變格(單數luna,複數lunas),但作為一個外來語時經常斜體化。

來源[编辑]

  1. luna” in Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum (editors), An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church: A User-Friendly Reference for Episcopalians, Church Publishing, Inc. (2000), ISBN 978-0-89869-211-2.
  2. 1986, Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel H. Elbert, Hawaiian dictionary: Hawaiian-English, English-Hawaiian, revised and enlarged edition (University of Hawaii Press)

異序詞[编辑]

阿拉貢語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自拉丁語 lūna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂.

名詞[编辑]

luna f (複數 lunas)

  1. 月亮

來源[编辑]

查瓦卡諾語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自西班牙語 luna (月亮)

名詞[编辑]

luna

  1. 月亮

科西嘉語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自拉丁語 lūna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂.

名詞[编辑]

luna f

  1. 月亮

來源[编辑]

  • luna” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

捷克語[编辑]

luna在捷克語維基百科上的資料

詞源[编辑]

來自古捷克語 luna,來自原始斯拉夫語 *lunà,來自原始波羅的-斯拉夫語 *láukšnāˀ,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂。與包括拉丁語 lūna古希臘語 λύχνος (lúkhnos)古普魯士語 lauxnos中古愛爾蘭語 luan同源。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

luna f

  1. (詩歌) 月亮
    近義詞: měsíc

變格[编辑]

相關詞[编辑]

來源[编辑]

  • Příruční slovník jazyka českého (1935-1957) 中有關 luna 的內容
  • Slovník spisovného jazyka českého (1960-1971, 1989) 中有關 luna 的內容
  • Internetová jazyková příručka 中有關 luna 的內容

世界語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自luno (月亮) +‎ -a

發音[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

luna (賓格單數 lunan,複數 lunaj,賓格複數 lunajn)

  1. (天文學)

法蘭克-普羅旺斯語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自拉丁語 lūna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂

名詞[编辑]

luna f

  1. 月亮

因特語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

luna (複數 lunas)

  1. 月亮

意大利語[编辑]

意大利語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 it
意大利語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 it

詞源[编辑]

來自Luna,來自拉丁語 lūna,來自古拉丁語 losna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂,衍生自詞根*lewk- (明亮的)。與包括亞美尼亞語 լուսին (lusin)西班牙語 luna葡萄牙語 lua羅馬尼亞語 lună俄語 луна́ (luná)等同源。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

luna f (複數 lune)

  1. (口語, 天文學, Luna的延伸) 衛星
    近義詞: satellite naturale
  2. (古舊, 書面) 月亮
    • 1321Dante Alighieri; Umberto Bosco, Giovanni Reggio, La divina commedia: Inferno [神曲:地獄]‎[3],12th edition,Firenze:Le Monnier,出版年份1994, →ISBN, Canto XXXIII, lines 22, 25-26, 頁號490:
      Breve pertugio dentro da la Muda, ¶ [] ¶ m'avea mostrato per lo suo forame ¶ più lune già, quand'io feci 'l mal sonno []
      «A narrow perforation in the mew, ¶ [] ¶ had shown me through its opening ¶ many moons already, when I dreamed the evil dream []
  3. (古舊, 比喻, 延伸) 一年時間
  4. (鍊金術)
  5. (紋章學) 滿月

衍生詞[编辑]

相關詞[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]

拉丁語[编辑]

拉丁語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 la
lūna (the Moon)

替代寫法[编辑]

  • Lūna (作月亮解釋時)

詞源[编辑]

來自古拉丁語 losna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂,衍生自原始印歐語 *lewk-

教會斯拉夫語 лѹна (luna)同源。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

lūna f (属格 lūnae); 第一类变格

  1. 月亮
  2. (比喻) 月光
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.697:
      lūna fuit: spectant iuvenem gladiōsque recondunt
      那裡有月光:他們看了看年輕人,將他們的劍拔出鞘
  3. (比喻)
  4. (比喻) 夜晚
  5. 新月

變格[编辑]

第一類變格名詞。

單數 複數
主格 lūna lūnae
屬格 lūnae lūnārum
與格 lūnae lūnīs
賓格 lūnam lūnās
奪格 lūnā lūnīs
呼格 lūna lūnae

Template:VL-decl-1st

衍生詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

  • 巴爾幹-羅曼語:
    • 阿羅馬尼亞語:lunã
    • 伊斯特羅-羅馬尼亞語:lurĕ
    • 羅馬尼亞語:lună
  • 南羅曼語:
  • 高盧-羅曼語:
    • 法蘭克-普羅旺斯語:lena
    • 奧克-羅曼語:
      • 古奧克語:
    • 奧依語:
  • 伊比利亞-羅曼語:
    • 納瓦拉-阿拉貢語:
    • 古萊昂語:
      • 阿斯圖里亞斯語:lluna
      • 埃斯特雷馬杜拉語:luna
      • 萊昂語:lluna
      • 米蘭德斯語:lhuna
    • 古葡萄牙語:lũa
    • 中世紀西班牙語:
      • 西班牙語:luna
        • 帕皮阿門托語:luna
      • 拉蒂諾語:luna
  • 意大利-羅曼語:
    • 科西嘉語:luna
    • 意大利語:luna
    • 那不勒斯語:luna
    • 西西里語:luna
    • 塔倫蒂諾語:lune
    • 威尼斯語:łuna
  • 達爾馬提亞語:loina
  • 非羅曼語:

參見[编辑]

來源[编辑]

  • luna in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • luna”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • luna在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[4], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the sun, moon, is eclipsed: sol (luna) deficit, obscuratur
    • the moon waxes, wanes: luna crescit; decrescit, senescit
  • luna”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • luna”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • luna”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, 卷1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • Template:R:Stillwell

西班牙語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自拉丁語 lūna,來自原始意大利語 *louksnā,來自原始印歐語 *lówksneh₂,衍生自原始印歐語 *lewk-。與包括加利西亞語 lúa葡萄牙語 lua加泰羅尼亞語 lluna法語 lune意大利語 luna奧克語 luna羅馬尼亞語 lună等同源。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

luna f (複數 lunas)

  1. 月亮

衍生詞[编辑]

相關詞[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]