graben

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
跳到导航 跳到搜索

英语[编辑]

Diagram showing the relationship between horstgraben and fault

词源[编辑]

借自德語 Graben (),源自动词graben ()

名词[编辑]

graben(複數 grabens graben

  1. (地质学) 地堑
    反義詞: horst
    同類詞: fault
    下位詞: rift valley
    • 1959, Robert G. Yates, George A. Thompson, Geology and Quicksilver Deposits of the Terlingua District, Texas, U. S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 312, page 49,
      The magnitude and shape of the large grabens strongly suggest that, when they formed, material much more mobile than ordinary rocks was present at a depth no greater than a few miles.
    • 1969, V. V. Beloussov, Contintal Rifts, Pembroke J. Hart (editor), The Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle, page 539,
      This system includes the Syrian and Lebanese grabens; the grabens of the Dead Sea, Wadi al Arabah, Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez, Red Sea, and Gulf of Aden; and the Ethiopian graben.
    • 1997, Jean-Marie Rouchy, 2: Paleogene Continental Rift System of Western Europe, Georges Busson, B. Charlotte Schreiber (editors), Sedimentary Deposition in Rift and Foreland Basins in France and Spain (Paleogene and Lower Neogene), page 83,
      Migration of the subsidence axis has been revealed by the detailed sedimentological studies in most of these grabens, particularly in the Bresse basin (Curial 1986; Moretto 1986/1987) and in Manosque-Forcalquier.
    • 2015, C. F. Burgess, et al., Chapter 35: The Structural and Stratigraphic Evolution of Lake Tanganyika: A Case Study of Continental Rifting, W. Manspeizer (editor), Triassic-Jurassic Rifting: Continental Breakup and the Origin of the Atlantic Ocean and Passive Margins, Part A, page 866,
      These distinct zones of strike-slip or scissor faulting which separate adjacent half-grabens were termed interbasinal ridges and hinged highs by Rosendahl et al. (1986).

衍生词汇[编辑]

延伸阅读[编辑]

异序词[编辑]


德语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自古高地德語 graban,源自原始日耳曼語 *grabaną,源自原始印歐語 *gʰrābʰ- (挖,刨)。与英語 grave ()同源。

对比塞爾維亞-克羅地亞語 grȍbgroblje (坟墓)德語 Grab (坟墓)捷克語斯洛伐克語 hrob (坟墓)波蘭語 grób (坟墓)

发音[编辑]

  • 文檔
  • IPA(幫助)/ˈɡʁaːbən/, [ˈɡʁaːbm̩]
  • 文檔
  • 文檔

动词[编辑]

graben(6类强变化动词,第三人称单数现在时 gräbt,过去式 grub,过去分词 gegraben,过去虚拟式 grübe,助动词 haben

  1. (及物不及物) 挖掘
    ein Grab graben
  2. (及物或+ nach) 通过挖掘寻找
    (nach) Kohle graben
  3. (及物, 口語, 幽默, 引申义) 拿出
    Sie gräbt ihr Frühstück aus dem Rucksack.
    她从背包里翻出早餐。
  4. (及物, 不及物或自反)
  5. (口語, 引申义, 及物) 将...伸(进)
    Er gräbt seine Hände in sein Haar.
    他把手伸进她的头发。
  6. (及物) 将...镌刻(进),将...雕刻(进)
    Er grub seine Initialen in die Rinde des Baumes.
    他把自己名字的首字母刻到树皮上。
    Dieses Wort hat sich mir tief ins Gedächtnis gegraben.
    这一席话深深印在了我的心里。

变位[编辑]


衍生词汇[编辑]

相关词汇[编辑]

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • graben”在《杜登線上辭典》上的解釋

西班牙语[编辑]

动词[编辑]

graben

  1. grabar 的第二人称复数(ustedes)命令式形。
  2. grabar 的第二人称复数(ustedes)现在时虚拟式形。
  3. grabar 的第三人称复数(ellos, ellas;及 ustedes)现在时虚拟式形。