route

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英語[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
Route of the Scott Special passenger train

發音[编辑]

  • (正统英式(RP)愛爾蘭) IPA(幫助)/ɹuːt/
  • (通用美式) IPA(幫助)/ɹuːt/, /ɹaʊt/
  • (澳大利亞) IPA(幫助)/ɹʉːt/
  • (加拿大) IPA(幫助)/ɹut/
  • 文檔
  • 文檔
  • 文檔
  • 同音词root, rute (/ɹuːt/); rout (/ɹaʊt/)
  • 韻部:-uːt, -aʊt

詞源1[编辑]

來自中古英語 route,源自古法語 routerote (道,路,徑)(對比現代法語 route),來自拉丁語 (via) rupta (用強力打開的(道路))[1][2],源自rumpere viam(“開闢道路”)。中國古代行政區劃的義項是意譯漢語 ()

名詞[编辑]

route(複數 routes

  1. 路線航線
    The route was used so much that it formed a rut.
    這條走的車很多,都起車轍了。
    You need to find a route that you can take between these two obstacles.
    你要在這兩個障礙物中找出一條路線
    • 1897年 12月(標示為1898年), Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity: An Episode, 紐約,N.Y.: The Macmillan Company;倫敦:Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
      I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we came by a circuitous route to Mohair, the judge occupied by his own guilty thoughts, and I by others not less disturbing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2013年3月1日, Harold J. Morowitz, “The Smallest Cell”, in American Scientist, 卷101, number 2, page 83:
      It is likely that the long evolutionary trajectory of Mycoplasma went from a reductive autotroph to oxidative heterotroph to a cell-wall–defective degenerate parasite. This evolutionary trajectory assumes the simplicity to complexity route of biogenesis, a point of view that is not universally accepted.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (送貨、載人的)常規路線
    We live near the bus route.
    我們住在巴士路線附近。
    Here is a map of our delivery routes.
    這是我們配送路線的地圖。
  3. ;通常特別指公路
    Follow Route 49 out of town.
    沿49號公路出城。
  4. (比喻) 方式方法
    • 2010, Damien McLoughlin and David A. Aaker, Strategic Market Management: Global Perspectives, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-68975-2, pages 156-7:
      If such an option is to viable over time, it needs to be protected against competitors. Having patent protection is one route. [] Another route is to have a programmatic investment strategy [] . Rolex has taken this route []
  5. (歷史) ,中國古代的行政區劃
    • 1908, Henry Smith Williams, The Historians' History of the World:
      The Chinese, ever since the first century of our era, have called the countries which we to-day name Kashgar and Sungaria, "routes." They referred them to their relative position on the two sides of the Tian-Shan, and called our Sungaria, Pe-lu, " northern route," and our Kashgar, Nan-lu, " southern route." The Turks gave other names to these countries; they called the northern route besh-balik, "the five cities," Pentapolis; the southern route was alti-shehr, " the six cities," Hexapolis.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2005, Huaiyin Li, Village Governance In North China: Huailu County, 1875-1936, →ISBN:
      Under the director were eight education promotion officials (quanxue yuan), each installed in a “route”(lu,corresponding to the policing ward).
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2008, Foon Ming Liew, Volker Grabowsky, & ʻArunrat Wichīankhīeo, Lan Na in Chinese historiography, →ISBN:
      In the year Zhiyuan 8, 5th month, on xinwei day (around June, 1271), owing to the fact that the chieftains of the eight polities in Dali had submitted recently and were adhered to [China], the thirty-seven tribal regions under Dali were divided into three routes.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2012, Hans Ulrich Vogel, Marco Polo Was in China, →ISBN:
      Chinese administrative "cities" were often the location of more than one yamen, each with its own territorial jurisdiction. For instance, Yangszhou was not only the seat of the Pacificiation Commission (xuanweisi) of Huaidonglu, but also the capital of the Yanzhou Route (lu) subordinated to the Pacification Commision. Morevover, it was the administrative seat of Jiangdu District, which was subordinated to the Yangzhou Route.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  6. (計算機) 路徑
同義詞[编辑]
衍生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

route(第三人稱單數簡單式 routes,現在分詞 routing (UK) routeing,一般過去時及過去分詞 routed

  1. (及物) 按某路線發送
    All incoming mail was routed through a single office.
    所有收到的郵件都通過一個辦公室轉送
  2. (網絡) 連接兩個局域網
  3. (計算機, 及物) 通過路由器發送
    • 2014年6月24日, “Google Glass go on sale in the UK for £1,000”, in The Guardian:
      Google Glass has come under fire from privacy advocates because it can record video without subjects being aware of it, and that any video will be routed through Google's servers.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生詞[编辑]
參見[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

route

  1. root視覺方言拼法

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  1. [1]
  2. route” in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001

回文構詞[编辑]


荷蘭語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古法語 route,來自古法語 route,來自拉丁語 rupta (via)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

route f(複數 routes routen,指小詞 routetje n

  1. 路線航線

衍生詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

  • 印尼語: rute

法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自中古法語 route,來自古法語 routerote,來自拉丁語 rupta via

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

route f(复数 routes

  1. 道路公路(常用於公路編號命名)
  2. 路線航線

衍生詞[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]

回文構詞[编辑]


中古英語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古法語古法語 routerote、盎格魯-法語 rute(“人群;隊伍”)。

名詞[编辑]

route (复数 routes)

  1. 路線航線
  2. 一群人
    1. 人群
      • '14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. The Miller's Prologue, 1-3
        Whan that the Knight hadde thus his tale ytold
        In all the route nas ther yong ne old
        That he ne saide it was a noble storye
    2. 群眾平民
    3. (參與非法活動的)團體一夥
  3. 某事物的適當狀態

詞源2[编辑]

來自古英語 hrutan (發出響聲;打鼾),對比古諾爾斯語中古荷蘭語 rutenruyten古瑞典語 ruta

動詞[编辑]

route

  1. routen第一人稱單數現在時直陳式

詞源3[编辑]

源自route的義。對照古法語aroter

動詞[编辑]

route

  1. routen第一人稱單數現在時直陳式

諾曼語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自古法語 route,來自拉丁語 rupta (via)

名詞[编辑]

route f(複數 routes

  1. (澤西) 道路
  2. (澤西, 航海) 航線

古法語[编辑]

替代寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自拉丁語 rupta (via)

名詞[编辑]

route f(間接格複數 routes,主格單數 route,主格複數 routes

  1. 路線航線

同義詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]