fret

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古英語 frēten (吃,侵蝕,摧毀,煩擾),源自古英語 fretan (吃掉,吞噬;破裂,爆裂)[1],源自原始西日耳曼語 *fraetan,源自原始日耳曼語 *fraetaną (消耗,吞食,吃掉),源自原始日耳曼語 *fra- (完全,完整)(源自原始印歐語 *pro- (朝著,向前))+ *etaną ()(源自原始印歐語 *h₁ed- ())。

荷蘭語 vretenfretten (吞食,狼吞虎嚥)低地德語 freten (吃掉)德語 fressen (吞食,狼吞虎嚥)哥特語 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (fraitan, 吞食)瑞典語 fräta (吃掉,侵蝕,腐蝕)同源;亦與丹麥語 fråse (狼吞虎嚥)有關。

“摩擦”之義可能是因與盎格魯-諾曼語 *freiter(現代法語 fretter (方言))的音近而混同,其源自通俗拉丁語 *frictāre,是拉丁語 fricāre的反覆體,源自fricō (摩擦),最终源自原始印歐語 *bʰreyH- (切割);對比古法語 froter(現代法語 frotter)。來源推測的主要阻礙是缺少古法語詞彙的證明。[2]

動詞[编辑]

fret(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 frets,現在分詞 fretting,過去式 fretted fret frate,過去分詞 fretted (常用於複合詞) fretten

  1. (及物, 棄用或詩歌, 尤指動物) 吞噬狼吞虎嚥
    • Template:RQ:Langland Piers Plowman
    • 1609Ammianus Marcellinus; Philemon Holland, transl., chapter XIV,出自 The Roman Historie, containing Such Acts and Occurrents as Passed under Constantius, Iulianus, Iovianus, Valentinianus, and Valens, Emperours,book IX,London:Printed by Adam Islip, OCLC 228715047, 頁號322:
      Their hearts alreadie fretted and cankered at the very roote, for the last disgrace received.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1727–1728Mather Byles [et al.],Bruce [Ingham] Granger編, Proteus Echo (1727–28): A Series of Essays and Poems [...] that Appeared in the New-England Weekly Journal [...] (History of Psychology Series; 420),Delmar, N.Y.:Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints,出版年份1986, →ISBN, 頁號75:
      And could we let a Light into their Bosoms, we should see them generally fretted and cankered with this secret and corroding Venom.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (及物) 摩擦刺激(身體部位)
    • 1676,Richard Wiseman,“[A Treatise of Tumors.] Of an Herpes”,出自 Severall Chirurgical Treatises,London:Printed by E. Flesher and J[ohn] Macock, for R[ichard] Royston bookseller to His Most Sacred Majesty, and B[enjamin] Took at the Ship in St. Paul's Church-yard, OCLC 228770265, 頁號80:
      A Perſon of Honour, of a full Body abounding with ſharp Humours, was ſeized with an Herpes on his right Leg. [...] [I]t inflamed and ſwelled very much, many Wheals aroſe, and fretted one into another, with great Excoriation.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1823–1824A[stley Paston] Cooper,“Lecture LII”,出自 The Lancet. [...] In Two Volumes,卷號II,3rd edition,London:Knight and Lacey, Paternoster-Row; and G. L. Hutchinson, the Lancet office, Strand,出版年份1826, OCLC 874685467, 頁號100–101:
      We sometimes perform an operation on the under lip [...] in consequence of / Cancer Labii [cancer of the lips], / Which disease generally arises from the use of a pipe, and the manner in which it happens is this:—the adhesive nature of the clay of which the pipe is made, causes it to adhere to the lip; at length the cuticle becomes torn off, and the continued irritation frets the sore into true cancerous disease.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (及物) 使躁動,使不平靜激起漣漪
    to fret the surface of water
    使水面躁動
  4. (及物, fret out 的搭配出現) 揮霍浪費
    • 1611John Speed,“Henrie the Sixth, King of England, and France, Lord of Ireland: The Three and Fiftieth Monarch of England, His Raigne, Actes, and Issve”,出自 The History of Great Britaine under the Conquests of ye Romans, Saxons, Danes and Normans. [...],Imprinted at London:[By William Hall and John Beale] [...] and are to be solde by Iohn Sudbury & Georg Humble, in Popes-head alley at ye signe of ye white Horse, OCLC 55158508; republished London:Printed by Iohn Beale, for George Hvmble, and are to be sold in Popes-head Pallace, at the signe of the White Horse,1614, OCLC 931256893, book 9, paragraph 55, 頁號665, column 1:
      Yorke hereupon conſults with his ſpeciall friends; [...] how Yorke might get the Crowne of England, and for that cauſe how to ruine or fret out the Duke of Sommerſet; who ſtanding, they were to looke for ſtrong oppoſition.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1835Louisa Sidney Stanhope,“Conclusion”,出自 Sydney Beresford. A Tale of the Day. [...] In Three Volumes,卷號III,London:Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, Paternoster-Row, OCLC 41571651, 頁號274:
      We are all hurrying down the one common stream to the great ocean of eternity: but are we performing our social duties, as citizens of the world, in sculking away into holes and corners, to fret out time and life, because God has judged fit to withdraw the favourite toy he lent us—not making us destitute—but graciously leaving in our keeping, ten thousand toys beside.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  5. (及物不及物)
    • Template:RQ:Jack Straw
    • 1677Edward Browne,“A Journey from Vienna in Austria to Hamburg”,出自 An Account of Several Travels through a Great Part of Germany: In Four Journeys. [...],London:Printed for Benj[amin] Tooke, and are to be sold at the sign of the Ship in St. Paul's Church-yard, OCLC 228724391, 頁號136:
      The Mines are cold where the outward Air comes in; but where not, warm. The greateſt trouble they have is by duſt, which ſpoileth their Lungs and Stomachs, and frets their Skins.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1881Frederick W[illiam] Robertson,“The Peace of God”,出自 “The Human Race” and Other Sermons Preached at Cheltenham, Oxford, and Brighton,New York, N.Y.:Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, OCLC 45875714, 頁號233:
      You may see the surges wear and fret away the basement of the cliff against which they dash themselves, and the mass of broken rock falls into the depth and disappears, and then it is carried away by the tide as it retires.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1886年1月5日,Samuel West,“Some Aneurysms of the Heart, Many of the Cases Exhibiting the Effects of Erosion”,出自 Transactions of the Pathological Society of London,卷號XXXVII (Comprising the Report of the Proceedings for the Session 1885–86),London:Smith, Elder & Co., 15, Waterloo Place, OCLC 643569396, 頁號159:
      In all the present cases it is the aortic valves that are the source of the mischief. Vegetations, massive, tough, and often calcareous have formed upon these valves, and as they were drive to and fro by the blood-stream have fretted the parts with which they came into contact, and aneurysm at these spots has been the frequent result.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  6. (及物不及物) (被)激怒;(使)惱怒
  7. (不及物) 邊緣因摩擦而損傷
    A wristband frets on the edges.
    腕帶的邊緣磨損了
    • 1893,A[lexander] Fraser-Macdonald,“The North Atlantic Viewed as a Region Traversed by Our Ocean Railways”,出自 Our Ocean Railways: Or, The Rise, Progress, and Development of Ocean Steam Navigation,London:Chapman and Hall, OCLC 752945377, 頁號239:
      This, as Maury remarks, "suggested the idea that there was no running water nor abrading forces at play upon the bed of the deep sea, and consequently, if ever an electric cord were lodged upon the telegraphic plateau, there it would lie in cold abstraction; without anything to fret, chafe or wear, save alone the tooth of time."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  8. (不及物) 焦慮焦急
    • Template:RQ:Austen Pride and Prejudice
    • 1882 June,[Margaret Oliphant],“The Ladies Lindores.—Part III.”,出自 Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine,卷號CXXXI (American edition, volume XCIV),期號DCCC,New York, N.Y.:The Leonard Scott Publishing Co., 41 Barclay Street, OCLC 763063980, chapter VII, 頁號708, column 2:
      Had Carry preferred mere wealth, weighed by such a master, to the congenial spirit of her former lover? It fretted the young man even to think of such a possibility. And the visitors had fretted him each in some special point.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1913Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln,章號5,出自 Mr. Pratt’s Patients,New York, N.Y.; London:D. Appleton and Company, OCLC 35623305, OL 5535161W, 頁號115–116:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. But, after all, I shouldn't have expected nothing different. When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2022年4月25日,Kate Conger,“Twitter Employees Search for Answers as Musk Deal Takes Shape”,出自 The New York Times[1], ISSN 0362-4331:
      Recruits have also fretted that the shares included in their offer letters could quickly become devalued if Mr. Musk succeeded in taking Twitter private.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  9. (不及物) 激動
    Rancour frets in the malignant breast.
    怨恨在惡毒的心中翻湧
  10. (不及物, brewing, oenology) 二度發酵
    • Template:RQ:Dictionaire Oeconomique
    • 1856,“The Art of Brewing”,出自 The Brewer: A Familiar Treatise on the Art of Brewing, with Directions for the Selection of Malt and Hops, &c., &c.: Instructions for Making Cider and British Wines: Also, a Description of the New and Improved Brewing Saccharometer and Slide Rule, with Full Instructions for Their Use,London:William R[obert] Loftus, 6, Beaufoy Terrace, Edgeware Road, OCLC 988864801, 頁號50:
      It is important to allow beer to flatten, after it has ceased working. This is accomplished by leaving the casks open, when the small floating particles of yeast part with their fixed air, lose their buoyancy, and sink to the bottom. [...] The beer having thus deposited its remaining yeast will not be liable to fret.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生詞[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. 苦惱擔憂
    • 1724Paul Neile,“Sir Paul Neile’s Discourse of Cider”,出自John EvelynSilva: Or, A Discourse of Forest-trees, and the Propagation of Timber in His Majesty’s Dominions: [...] In Two Books. [...],5th edition,London:Printed for J. Walthoe [et al.], OCLC 863595867, 頁號91:
      Now though Cider uſed in my Method ſhould not ferment at all, till it come into the Bottle, and then but a little; yet the Cauſe of Fermentation being in a great Degree taken away, the reſt can do no conſiderable Harm to thoſe who drink it, [...] It is in your Power to give the Cider juſt as much fret as you pleaſe, and no more; and that by ſeveral ways: For either you may bottle it ſooner or later, as you pleaſe: Or you may bottle it from two Taps in your Veſſel, and that from the higher Tap will have leſs Fret, and the lower more: [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1857[Margaret Oliphant],“The First Day”,出自 The Days of My Life. An Autobiography. [...] In Three Volumes,卷號III,London:Hurst and Blackett, publishers, successors to Henry Colburn, 13, Great Marlborough Street, OCLC 13352571, 頁號4:
      The place was a little below Gravesend, quite out of the fret and bustle of the narrower river, and there was not even a steamboat pier to disturb the quiet of this cluster of harmless houses, though they watched upon their beach the passage of great navies down the greatest thoroughfare of England.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1877,“BEER”,出自 Encyclopædia of Chemistry Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical as Applied to the Arts and Manufactures,卷號I (Acetic Acid – Gas),Philadelphia, Pa.:J. B. Lippincott & Co., OCLC 3451281, 頁號315, column 2:
      When the pitching heat is high, and the yeast is of a good quality and in sufficient abundance, the fermentation proceeds so rapidly and with such energy that it becomes ungovernable; some means must therefore be employed to check the heat. For this purpose coils of pipe, through which water circulates, are fitted up in the tun. Unless this is done the whole of the glutinous constituents of the gyle is not removed in the yeast, and the liquor does not cleanse satisfactorily, in consequence of an after fermentation which sets in, which is technically known as the "fret."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 焦躁
    He keeps his mind in a continual fret.
    他的思想一直處於焦躁狀態。
    • Template:RQ:Pope Arbuthnot
    • 1836 December,“Art. IX. Transactions of the Institute of British Architects. Vol. I. Part I. London, 1836.”,出自John Taylor Coleridge編, The Quarterly Review,卷號LVIII,期號CXVI,London:John Murray, Albemarle Street, OCLC 1009026207, 頁號524:
      It was our good fortune last autumn to escape from the feverish excitement and moral tension of this vast metropolis, from the hurry and fret of business, the glut of pleasure, the satiety of delight, the weariness of politics, and the exhausting duties of our critical function, into that favoured corner of our fortunate island, the West of England; [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1897B[everly] CarradineThe Sanctified Life,Cincinnati, Oh.:Office of the Revivalist, OCLC 3923898, 頁號192:
      And the preacher who delivered the discourse went home and fretted; his wife, children and servants being witnesses. Sanctification takes the spirit of fret out of the heart.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1980Renaissance Papers,Durham, N.C.:Southeastern Renaissance Conference, ISSN 0584-4207, OCLC 973454867, 頁號50:
      After their introduction to Orlando, Celia wonders why Rosalind should be so morose ([William Shakespeare's As You Like It,] I.iii.10–19): [...] In her effort to cheer Rosalind, Celia compares these frets to burs, meaning the rough and prickly flowerheads: "They are but burs, cousin, thrown upon thee in holiday foolery."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. 皰疹
    • 1860,Robert J[acob] Jordan, chapter I,出自 Skin Diseases and Their Remedies,London:John Churchill, New Burlington Street, OCLC 14847783, book I (Diseases of the Skin), 頁號57:
      Vesiculæ, or vesicles, are small, circumscribed elevations of the scarf-skin, containing serum, at first (both in their coats and contents) transparent, afterwards white and opaque, and terminating in the formation of scurf or thin scales. Under this head are ranged varicella (chicken-pox), sudamina, eczema (red fret), herpes (fret), scabies (itch).
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1867年4月25日,[Colin Mackenzie],“Farriery”,出自 Mackenzie’s Ten Thousand Receipts, in All the Useful and Domestic Arts; Constituting a Complete and Practical Library, [...],new, carefully revised and re-written edition,Philadelphia, Pa.:T. Ellwood Zell & Company, Nos. 17 & 19 South Sixth Street, 頁號112–113:
      To cure Gripes in Horses. This disorder goes by different names in different districts of the country; as fret, from the uneasiness attending it; bots, from its being thought to arise from these animals or worms, etc. [...] In speaking of the medicine for gripes, or the flatulent colic sometimes termed fret, Mr. White mentions, domestic remedies may be employed when proper medicines cannot be procured in time.
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  4. (礦業, 複數) 侵蝕腐蝕
    • 1716,“[The Tin Mines in Devonshire and Cornwal] [marginal note]”,出自John Lowthorp編, The Philosophical Transactions, and Collections, to the End of the Year 1700, Abridg’d and Dispos’d under General Heads,卷號II (Containing All the Physiological Papers),London:Printed for Robert Knaplock, at the Bishop's-Head; Richard Wilkin, at the King's-Head; and Henry Clements, at the Half-Moon in St. Paul's Church-yard, OCLC 222086507, 頁號566:
      Then we obſerve the Frets in the Banks of Rivers that are newly made by any great Land-Flood, which uſually are then very clean, to ſee, if happily we can diſcover any metalline Stones in the Sides and Bottoms thereof, together with the Caſt of the Country (i.e. any earth of a different colour from the reſt of the Bank), which is a great help to direct us, which ſide or hill to ſearch into.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

詞源2[编辑]

英國英格蘭赫里福德郡馬奇馬克爾村奧德利家族的紋章,為紅色背景配金色的 fret(“與菱形圖案交錯的X形十字”,名詞義項2)

來自中古英語 frēten (裝飾),來自古法語 freté[3]freterfretter (裝飾),來自古法語 fret(來自fraindre (打破),來自拉丁語 frangō (破壞,粉碎),來自原始意大利語 *frangō,源頭來自原始印歐語 *bʰreg- (破壞))+ 古法語 -er (動詞形後綴)(來自拉丁語 -āre,源頭來自原始印歐語 *h₃enh₂- (重壓))。

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. 卍字浮雕,回字紋
    • 1682年7月30日,John EvelynWilliam Bray編, The Diary of John Evelyn: Edited from the Original MSS. [...] In Two Volumes (Universal Classics Library),卷號II,New York, N.Y.; London:M. Walter Dunne, publisher,出版年份1901, OCLC 32340092, 頁號170:
      Went to visit our good neighbor, Mr. Bohun, whose whole house is a cabinet of all elegancies, especially Indian; [...] [A]bove all, his lady's cabinet is adorned on the fret, ceiling, and chimney-piece with Mr. Gibbons's best carving.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1943Homes and Gardens,卷號25,London:[s.n.],出版年份1944, OCLC 1033195815, 頁號40:
      Remove spills from grill frets with a cloth and brush the frets with a stiff brush when dry and cold.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2007Nancy EdwardsA Corpus of Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales,卷號2 (South-west Wales),Cardiff, Wales:University of Wales Press, →ISBN, 頁號136:
      Square unit of nondescript frets which interlace in the centre to form a cruciform shape.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (heraldic charge)菱形圖案交錯的X形十字
    • 1764,Temple Henry Croker; Thomas Williams; Samuel Clark [et al.],“DIAPERED”,出自 The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences,卷號I,London:Printed for the authors, and sold by J. Wilson & J. Fell, Pater-noster Row; [et al.], OCLC 941822589:
      DIAPERED, or Diapre, in heraldry, the dividing of a field in planes, like fret-work, and filling the ſame with variety of figures. This chiefly obtains on bordures, which are diapered or fretted over, and the frets charged with things proper for bordures.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

德國符騰堡民間文化博物館收藏的一件 fretted(“用交織浮雕裝飾的”,動詞義項1)木質天窗格柵

fret(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 frets,現在分詞 fretting,一般過去時及過去分詞 fretted

  1. (及物) (尤指用交錯交織的圖案)裝飾(建築學)雕刻浮雕裝飾
  2. (及物)上面形成圖案斑紋
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Julius Caesar
    • 1882年7月29日,J. Henry Shorthouse,“The Marquis Jeanne Hyacinth De St. Palaye [from Macmillan’s Magazine]”,出自 Littel’s Living Age,卷號XXXIX (Fifth Series; volume CLIV overall),期號1988,Boston, Mass.:Littel & Co., OCLC 913200987, section V, 頁號228, column 1:
      The sun shone brilliantly through the trembling leaves, birds of many colors flitted from spray to spray, butterflies and bright insects crossed the fretted work of light and shade.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (及物)圓鋸切開
衍生詞[编辑]

詞源3[编辑]

吉他上的品

來自中古英語 freten (),來自古法語 freter,來自frete (金屬包頭)(現代法語 frette)。用來表示音樂意思的源頭未知;可能來自 frete 或來自 fret(摩擦)。[4]

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. (棄用或方言) 金屬包頭
  2. (音樂)
    • 1880,A. J. H[ipkins],“LUTE”,出自George Grove編, A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450–1880) [...] In Three Volumes,卷號II,London:Macmillan and Co., OCLC 19025639, 頁號175, column 2:
      The long-necked Egyptian Nefer was certainly depicted in the 4th dynasty; and wall-painting of the time of Moses, preserved in the British Museum, shows that it then had frets.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1916,“History of the Orchestra”,出自Daniel Gregory Mason, editor-in-chief; Benjamin Lambord編, The Orchestra and Orchestral Music (The Art of Music: A Comprehensive Library of Information for Music Lovers and Musicians; 8),New York, N.Y.:The National Society of Music, OCLC 8911479, section III, 頁號69:
      The frets of the lute marked whole tones, while those of the guitar were a semi-tone apart.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

fret(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 frets,現在分詞 fretting,一般過去時及過去分詞 fretted

  1. (原指用捆綁繫緊
  2. (及物, 音樂) 音樂方面的意思:
    1. 在(樂器)上裝上
      to fret a guitar給吉他裝上品
    2. 琴弦壓在的後面
      • 2015,Drew Turrill,“Step by Step Exercises”,出自 Don’t Fret – Learn Lead Guitar the Easy Way,[s.l.]:BookBaby, →ISBN:
        Note that right next to the headstock, the boxes may utilize some open notes in place of fretting with the pointer finger because the nut will effectively fret the notes for you [].
        (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
相關詞[编辑]

詞源4[编辑]

來自拉丁語 fretum (航道,海峽)

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. 航道海峽
    • Template:RQ:Hakluyt Principall Navigations
    • 1721Joseph Addison,“Pesaro, Fano, Senigallia, Ancona, Loretto, &c. to Rome”,出自 The Works of the Right Honourable Joseph Addison, Esq,卷號II (Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703),London:Printed for Jacob Tonson, at Shakespear's-Head, over-against Katherine-street in the Strand, OCLC 228675360, 頁號56:
      The river Velino, after having found its way from among the rocks where it falls, runs into the Nera. The channel of this laſt river is white with rocks, and the ſurface of it, for a long ſpace, covered with froth and bubbles; for it runs all along upon the fret, and is ſtill breaking againſt the ſtones that oppoſe its paſſage: [...]
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相關詞[编辑]

詞源5[编辑]

來自古法語 fretefraitefraicte,可能部分和fret (航道,海峽)混淆。[5]

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. (罕用) 海洋上的航道水道

詞源6[编辑]

最早見於1800年代中期,起源未知。[6]可能與fret (在……上面形成圖案)[7]fret (吞噬, 指大霧籠罩陸地)fret (使水面激起漣漪, 指將霧吹向內陸的風) 等相關;語義上對照haar (冷風;縹緲的風;霧,迷霧)。而方言中拼寫也作 freet,發音讀作 /fɹit/,這個現象在詞源1中也有發現。[8]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret(複數 frets

  1. (諾森伯蘭)海上飄來的
    • 2008,Trezza Azzopardi, Winterton Blue: A Novel, 頁號14:
      The wind brings a fret off the ocean; not cold, but achingly damp.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生詞[编辑]

來源[编辑]

  1. frēten, v.(1).” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 February 2018.
  2. Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.
  3. frēten, v.(2).” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 18 February 2018.
  4. Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.; Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.
  5. Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.
  6. fret”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  7. sea fret” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  8. Template:R:EDD

異序詞[编辑]


荷蘭語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

來自中古荷蘭語 furetfret,來自古法語 furet,來自通俗拉丁語 *fūrittus拉丁語 fūr ()的指小。

名詞[编辑]

fret m(複數 fretten,指小詞 fretje n

  1. 雪貂Mustela putorius furo
上位語[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

源自英語 fret

名詞[编辑]

fret m(複數 frets,指小詞 fretje n

  1. (音樂) 弦樂器上的

異序詞[编辑]


法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自古法語 fret,來自中古荷蘭語 vrecht,來自古荷蘭語 *frēht,來自原始西日耳曼語 *fra- + *aihti

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret m(複數 frets

  1. (運輸業) 運費
  2. (延伸) 租金
  3. 貨物
    • 2008 March 9, Reuters, “L'ATV Jules Verne né sous une bonne étoile”,
      Il n'y aura plus alors que les vaisseaux Progress russes pour emmener du fret à bord de la station spatiale, et les Soyouz pour les vols habités.
      因此将只剩下向空间站运送货物的俄罗斯“进步”号,以及用于载人飞行的“联盟”号飞船。

派生詞[编辑]

  • 葡萄牙語: frete
  • 西班牙語: flete

延伸閱讀[编辑]


哥特語[编辑]

羅馬化[编辑]

frēt

  1. 𐍆𐍂𐌴𐍄 的羅馬化

中古英語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

繼承自古英語 *frǣt(對照ǣt)或freten逆構詞

替代寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret (不可数)

  1. 大量消耗磨損
派生詞[编辑]
來源[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

借自古法語 fretfraindre的過去分詞;對照freten (裝飾)

替代寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret (复数 frettes)

  1. 裝飾飾物
  2. 網狀頭巾
  3. (heraldry) 的X形十字
派生詞[编辑]
來源[编辑]

詞源3[编辑]

借自古法語 frette (繫,環),起源不明;對照freten ()

替代寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret (复数 frettes)

  1. (罕用)
派生詞[编辑]
來源[编辑]

詞源4[编辑]

借自古法語 fretfrait,來自拉丁語 fractum

替代寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

fret

  1. (罕用) 通常為保證和平而支付的費用
來源[编辑]

詞源5[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

fret

  1. freten (裝飾) 的另一種寫法

古法語[编辑]

替代寫法[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古荷蘭語 vrecht

名詞[编辑]

fret m(間接格複數 frez fretz,主格單數 frez fretz,主格複數 fret

  1. 費用
派生詞[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

請參閲主詞條的词源章節。

動詞[编辑]

fret

  1. fraindre過去時分詞