travail

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

Possible appearance of a Tripalium

源自中古英語 travail ← 古法語 travail (受苦) ← 通俗拉丁語 *tripalium (刑具) ← 拉丁語 tripālis (有三個樁的)

名詞[编辑]

travail(复数 travails 或 travaux

  1. 苦勞 [自13世紀]
    • 1597, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, Book V, §21:
      But as every thing of price, so this doth require travail.
    • Template:RQ:Florio Montaigne Essayes
    • 1936, Djuna Barnes, Nightwood, Faber & Faber 2007, p. 38:
      He had thought of making a destiny for himself, through laborious and untiring travail.
    • Lua错误 在Module:Check_isxn的第138行:attempt to index field 'args' (a nil value)
      And the British mandarin Left, like their contemporaries in the Foreign Office, had little time for the travails of the small countries between Germany and Russia, whom they had always regarded as something of a nuisance.
  2. 生產,生孩子 [自13世紀]
    • 1607–08, William Shakespeare (?), Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Act III, Chorus:
      The lady shrieks and, well-a-near,
      Does fall in travail with her fear.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 38:27–28:
      And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb. And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first,
  3. 〉〈可数勞動 [14-18世紀]
  4. 〉〈 [17世紀]
  5. travel的舊寫法。
  6. travois的另一种写法
參考資料[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

源自中古英語 travailen ← 古法語 travaillier,源自詞源1的名詞。

動詞[编辑]

to travail(第三人称单数现在式 travails,现在分词 travailing,过去式 travailed,过去分词 travailed

  1. 勞累
    • 1552, Hugh Latimer, "Fourth Sermon on the Lord's Prayer, Preached before Lady Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk":
      [A]ll slothful persons, which will not travail for their livings, do the will of the devil.
    • 1611, King James Version, Job 15:20:
      The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.
  2. To go through the labor of childbirth.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, John XIV:
      A woman when she traveyleth hath sorowe, be cause her houre is come: but as sone as she is delivered off her chylde she remembreth no moare her anguysshe, for ioye that a man is borne in to the worlde.

法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古法語 travail,源自古法語 travail的單數形,源自通俗拉丁語 tripalium (刑具),源自拉丁語 tripālis (有三個樁的)。對比奧克語 trabalh, 加泰羅尼亞語 treball, 英語 travail, 意大利語 travaglio, 葡萄牙語 trabalho, 西班牙語 trabajo

複數古法語 travauz,源自travailz,有l音化。詞尾-auz後作-aux → -au-o

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

travail(〈〉)(复数 travaux

  1. 勞動
  2. 工作
  3. 工作場所

近義詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

拓展閱讀[编辑]


中古法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自古法語 travail

名詞[编辑]

travail m (複數 travails)

  1. 折磨痛苦

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 法語: travail

參考資料[编辑]


古法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自通俗拉丁語 tripalium (刑具) ← 拉丁語 tripālis (有三個桩的)。對比奧克語 trabalh, 加泰羅尼亞語 treball, 意大利語 travaglio, 葡萄牙語 trabalho, 西班牙語 trabajo

名詞[编辑]

travail m (斜格複數 travauz, travailz, 主格單數 travauz, travailz, 主格複數 travail)

  1. 折磨

派生語彙[编辑]