slay

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古英語 sleen, slayn ← 古英語 slēan (敲,擊,重打,殺,鍛造,衝撞,重踩,刺) ← 原始日耳曼語 *slahaną (打鬥,敲,殺) ← 原始印歐語 *slak- (擊,打,扔)。與荷蘭語 slaan (敲,擊,打), 低地德語 slaan (敲,擊,打), 德語 schlagen (敲,擊,打), 丹麥語, 挪威語, 瑞典語 slå (敲,擊,打), 冰島語 slá (to strike)同源。與slaughter, onslaught有關。

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

to slay(第三人称单数现在式 slays,现在分词 slaying,过去式 slew,过去分词 slain

  1. (現〈) 謀殺
    The knight slew the dragon.
    騎士殺死了龍。
    Our foes must all be slain.
    我們必殺死仇敵。
    • Template:RQ:Holinshed Chronicles
    • c. 1596-97, 威廉·莎士比亞威尼斯商人》, Act II scene i[1]:
      The Prince of Morocco:
      [] By this scimitar,
      That slew the Sophy and a Persian prince
      That won three fields of Sultan Solyman,
      I would outstare the sternest eyes that look,
      Outbrave the heart most daring on earth,
      Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear,
      Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey,
      To win thee, lady. []
  2. 消滅根除
    You must slay these thoughts.
    你必須根除這種思想。
  3. (誇張)〉 (在比賽中)打敗擊敗
    • 1956, “Giants Slay Bears in Pro Title Battle”, in Lodi News-Sentinel, 1956 December 31, page 8.
    • 1985, “Redskins slay Giants; Thiesmann shatters leg”, in The Gadsden Times, 1985 November 19, page D1-5.
    • 1993, Jack Curry, “Yanks’ Bullpen Falls Short Again”, in The New York Times, 1993 April 21:
      The Yankees were actually slayed by two former Yankees because Rich Gossage pitched one scoreless inning in relief of Eckersley to notch his first victory.
  4. 〉 To delight or overwhelm, especially with laughter.
    Ha ha! You slay me!
  5. 住,“迷殺”
  6. 〉 和……發生性關係
使用注意[编辑]
  • The alternative past tense and past participle form "slayed" is most strongly associated with the slang sense, "to delight or overwhelm":
  • 1929, Harry Charles Witwer, Yes Man's Land, page 254,
    {{{text}}}
  • In recent use, "slayed" is also often found associated with the other senses as well. However, this is widely considered nonstandard.[1]
  • A review of US usage 2000-2009 in COCA suggests that "slayed" is increasing in popularity, but remains less common than "slew". It is very rare in UK usage (BNC).
  • "Slain"現在多用於新聞標題,因為比"murdered"短。

近義詞[编辑]

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相關詞彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

    • 1994, Merriam-Webster Publishing Co., Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, page 853,
      But slayed cannot be considered established in such use. Whether it eventually becomes established remains to be seen.

異序詞[编辑]


中古英語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自古英語 slege的比喻用法,源自原始日耳曼語 *slagiz

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

 slay (复数 slayes

  1. 筘座

派生語彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]