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murder

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:Murder

英语[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 en

其他形式[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古英語 murdermurdremourdre,变化自早期形式murthre (谋杀)(参见murther),源自古英語 morþor (暗杀,非法杀害)古英語 myrþra (谋杀,他杀),两者均源自原始日耳曼語 *murþrą (死,杀),源自原始印歐語 *mr̥tro- (),源自原始印歐語 *mer-*mor-*mr̥- ()。与哥特語 𐌼𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌸𐍂 (maurþr, 谋杀)古高地德語 mord (谋杀)古諾爾斯語 morð (谋杀)古英語 myrþrian (谋杀)morþ有关。

中古英語词形内的-d-可能部分受到盎格魯-諾曼語 murdre的影响,后者源自古法語 murdre,源自中世紀拉丁語 murdrum(亦派生出同源对似词murdrum),源自古法蘭克語 *morþr*murþr (谋杀),源自同样的日耳曼語族词根,虽然也有可能是完全内部发展的结果(对比burden,其源自burthen)。

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

murder (可數 不可數,複數 murders)

  1. (不可數) 谋杀
    The defendant was charged with murder.
    被告人被控谋杀
    • 2012 8月 21, Ed Pilkington, “Death penalty on trial: should Reggie Clemons live or die?”, 出自 The Guardian:
      Reggie Clemons has one last chance to save his life. After 19 years on death row in Missouri for the murder of two young women, he has been granted a final opportunity to persuade a judge that he should be spared execution by lethal injection.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2013 7月 20, “Old soldiers?”, 出自 The Economist, 卷 408, 期 8845:
      Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. [] One thing that is true, though, is that murder rates have fallen over the centuries, as policing has spread and the routine carrying of weapons has diminished. Modern society may not have done anything about war. But peace is a lot more peaceful.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (可數) 谋杀杀害
    There have been ten unsolved murders this year alone.
    单单今年以来就有10起谋杀悬案。
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, 章號 4, 出自 Pulling the Strings:
      The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1984, Humphrey Carpenter, Mari Prichard, The Oxford companion to children's literature, page 275:
      It may be guessed, indeed, that this was the original form of the story, the fairy being the addition of those who considered Jack's thefts from (and murder of) the giant to be scarcely justified without her.
    • 2003, Paul Ruditis, Star Trek Voyager: Companion, →ISBN,頁號 131:
      Captain Sulu, who served under the legendary James T. Kirk for many years, disobeys Starfleet orders in order to try and help Kirk and another old shipmate, Dr. McCoy, who have been imprisoned for the murder of the Klingon chancellor.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2011, Carlene Brennen, Hemingway's Cats, →ISBN,頁號 161:
      Dr. Herrera also knew Hemingway had held Batista's army personally responsible for the brutal murders of his dogs, Blackie (Black Dog) and Machakos.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (不可數法律在使用重罪謀殺罪的司法地區) 本詞語需要翻譯為漢語。請協助添加,並移除{{rfdef}}模板。
  4. (不可數常作表語) 难以忍受东西
    This headache is murder.
    这个头痛真要命
  5. (可數集合名詞) 烏鴉的集合名词)
    • 1995, Deepak Chopra, The Return of Merlin: A Novel, →ISBN,頁號 108:
      For his part, Melchior was growing unhappy with the murder of crows. They had been patiently following Arthur for hours, trailing him from town to country.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2001, Daniel Handler, The Vile Village, →ISBN,頁號 76:
      Without the murder of crows roosting in its branches, Nevermore Tree looked as bare as a skeleton.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

用法说明[编辑]

近义词[编辑]

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murder (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 murders,現在分詞 murdering,一般過去時及過去分詞 murdered)

  1. 谋杀杀害
    The woman found dead in her kitchen was murdered by her husband.
    被发现死在厨房的女性是被其丈夫杀害的。
  2. (及物運動比喻義口語誇張) 使...惨败压胜
    Our team is going to murder them.
    我们队必打得他们找不着北
  3. (比喻義口語誇張) 干掉弄死(表达愤怒)
    He's torn my best shirt. When I see him, I'll murder him!
    他把我最好的衬衫撕坏了,让我看到他不把他打死
  4. ,弄
    • 1892, William Shepard Walsh, Handy-book of Literary Curiosities[1],頁號 293:
      Dr. Caius, the Frenchman in the play, and Evans the Welshman, "Gallia et Guallia," succeed pretty well in their efforts to murder the language.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  5. (比喻義口語英國) 吞食
    I could murder a hamburger right now.
    我现在想生吞整个汉堡。

近义词[编辑]

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宿雾语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自英語 murder,源自中古英語 murdermurdremourdre,变换自早期murthre (谋杀)(见murther),源自古英語 morþor (暗杀,非法杀害)古英語 myrþra (谋杀,他杀),两者均源自原始日耳曼語 *murþrą (死,杀),源自原始印歐語 *mrtro- (),源自原始印歐語 *mer-*mor-*mr- ()

发音[编辑]

  • 斷字:mur‧der

动词[编辑]

murder

  1. 谋杀杀害
  2. (俚語) 叫错...的名字

名词[编辑]

murder

  1. 杀害(尤指杀人)
  2. 谋杀