meme

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

由英國的生物學家理查德·道金斯在1976造出,用於其著作《自私的基因》。mimeme的縮略(對比英語 phoneme),源自古希臘語 μῖμος (mîmos, 複製,模仿)[1]。其網路含義由迈克·戈德温應用。[2]

發音[编辑]

  • 英語發音mēm, IPA(幫助)/miːm/
  • 韻部:-iːm
  • 文檔

名詞[编辑]

meme(複數 memes

  1. 模因迷因(透過模仿在人與人之間傳播的思想、行為或風格)
    近義詞: culturgen
    • 1976, Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene:
      Examples of memes are tunes, ideas, catch-phrases, clothes fashions, ways of making pots or of building arches.
    • 2002, Rita Carter, Exploring Consciousness, p. 242:
      Related memes tend to form mutually supporting meme-complexes such as religions, political ideologies, scientific theories, and New Age dogmas.
    • 2014, James Lambert, “A Much Tortured Expression: A New Look At ‘Hobson-Jobson’”, in International Journal of Lexicography, 卷27, number 1, page 67:
      The original Hobson and Jobson stock comic characters have died out as a meme, as has the application of their names to the Muharram in India.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (網絡) /網路迷因,網路爆火現象 [自1993年]
    • 2005, darklily, “OT: Livejournal”, in soc.sexuality.general, Usenet:
      I do...but my journal is a mess. It's mostly filled with memes and my bitching about a house I am building.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2012, Greg Jarboe, You Tube and Video Marketing, 2nd edition:
      The idea was to append Keyboard Cat to the end of a blooper video to "play" that person offstage after a mistake or gaffe, like getting the hook in the days of vaudeville. The meme became popular, Ashton Kutcher tweeted about it to more than 1 million followers, and more than 4,000 such videos have now been made.
    • 2013年2月8日, Tim Jonze, “Harlem Shake meme: the new Gangnam Style?”, in The Guardian[2]:
      Harlem Shake meme: the new Gangnam Style? [headline]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2017年12月15日, Jonah Engel Bromwich, “Life on the Meme Council: Meet the Internet’s Gatekeepers”, in The New York Times[3], ISSN 0362-4331:
      Social networks produce inside jokes at a relentless pace. The best, worst, stupidest and funniest of those jokes become memes, and either you get them or you don’t.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2021年4月29日, Marie Fazio, quoting Ben Lashes, “The World Knows Her as ‘Disaster Girl.’ She Just Made $500,000 Off the Meme.”, in The New York Times[4], ISSN 0362-4331:
      He said that NFT sales had helped establish memes as a sophisticated art form and “serious pieces of culture.”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (網絡, 俚語) (本為錯誤卻)廣泛流傳成真實的行為或理念
    it’s a meme degree
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
    jogging is a meme
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)

衍生詞[编辑]

參見[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

meme(第三人稱單數簡單式 memes,現在分詞 meming memeing,一般過去時及過去分詞 memed

  1. (及物, 罕用, 網絡語言) 將……轉變成網路迷因;(在現實生活中)使用網路迷因
    to meme into existence
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
    • 2016年10月31日, Andrew Marantz, “Trolls for Trump”, in The New Yorker[5], retrieved December 2, 2017:
      Scott Greer, a deputy editor of the Daily Caller, tweeted, “Cernovich memed #SickHillary into reality. Never doubt the power of memes.”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2017年11月6日, “David Moyes to West Ham “memed into existence by the internet””, in Football Burp[6], retrieved December 2, 2017:
      David Moyes succeeding Slaven Bilić as West Ham United manager is being memed into existence by the internet, Football Burp understands.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物, 網絡語言) 創造並使用網路迷因
    • 2018, Eric W. Saeger, Russian Nazi Troll Bots!:
      One axiom commonly seen on /pol/ is "The Left Can't Meme"; in other words, left-wing meme jokes aren't funny.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (不及物, 網絡語言) 開玩笑
    • 2004年5月17日, you, “Truth vs. Lies”, in alt.slack, Usenet:
      actually, it wasn't my mental functioning. i'm just meming.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2018年12月13日, Aja Romano, “YouTube’s most popular user amplified anti-Semitic rhetoric. Again.”, in Vox:
      “[P]ewdiepie is, once again, doing exactly what neo-nazis want,” Kotaku reporter Nathan Grayson commented on Twitter in response to the incident. “[W]hether he’s just meming or he ascribes to these values, it doesn’t matter. [W]hat matters is that he normalizes these ideas as jokes on THE platform where kids increasingly get their first exposure to the world at large.”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2019, Rachel Monroe, Savage Appetites: Four True Stories of Women, Crime, and Obsession, →ISBN:
      Some of his fellow fascists thought he was just “meming and pranking”; others dismissed it as “some autistic phase.”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

延伸閱讀[编辑]

來源[编辑]

  1. Richard Dawkins (1976) The Selfish Gene [自私的基因]:
    We need a name for the new replicator, a noun that conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of imitation. 'Mimeme' comes from a suitable Greek root, but I want a monosyllable that sounds a bit like 'gene'. I hope my classicist friends will forgive me if I abbreviate mimeme to meme. If it is any consolation, it could alternatively be thought of as being related to 'memory', or to the French word même. It should be pronounced to rhyme with 'cream'.
  2. Mike Godwin (1994-01-10), “Meme, Counter-meme”, Wired[1]: “Not everyone saw the comparison to Nazis as a "meme" - most people on the Net, as elsewhere, had never heard of "memes" or "memetics." But now that we're living in an increasingly information-aware culture, it's time for that to change.”

回文構詞[编辑]


宿霧語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

擬聲詞。

動詞[编辑]

meme

  1. (兒童用語)

詞源2[编辑]

源自英語 meme

名詞[编辑]

meme

  1. /網路迷因,網路爆火現象

丹麥語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme

  1. /網路迷因,網路爆火現象
    • 2019, Stine Bødker, Klar til kærlighed, Gyldendal A/S (ISBN 9788702269260)
      Hvis du lige har taget et fint billede og fundet på en sjov caption, så hav det klar til at dele, kort efter I bliver venner, så du er sikker på, at han ser det. Tag ham i et sjovt meme eller et billede af noget, som I har talt om. Det er en ret low-key måde  ...
    • 2019, Andreas von der Recke, Jacob Harlev, Mikkel Sandal Hansen, Patrick Walther Thomsen, #Youngster: 5 dogmer til at tiltrække og fastholde millennials, BoD – Books on Demand (ISBN 9788771883404), page 19:
      Hvis det ikke var for ham, kunne vi nok skrive 2018 på denne bogs udgivelsesdato. Hvis du kan finde et godt meme (Google billeder: memes) at åbne samtalen med Mikkel på, har du vundet hans hjerte. Men han respekterer kun dem, der kan ...

印尼語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自英語 meme

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme(複數 meme-meme,第一人稱所有格 memeku,第二人稱所有格 mememu,第三人稱所有格 memenya

  1. /網路迷因,網路爆火現象

來源[编辑]


義大利語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme m(複數 memi

  1. (原科学) (本為錯誤卻)廣泛流傳成真實的行為或理念

回文構詞[编辑]


剛果語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme(單數 memedimeme,複數 mameme

  1. 綿羊

官話[编辑]

羅馬化[编辑]

拼音meme注音 ˙ㄇㄜ ˙ㄇㄜ)对应以下词语:

  1. 麼麼漢語拼音形式

北奧龍尼語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

meme

  1. (Ramaytush 方言)

葡萄牙語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自英語 meme

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme m (复数 memes)

  1. 模因迷因(透過模仿在人與人之間傳播的思想、行為或風格)
  2. (網絡) /網路迷因,網路爆火現象

西班牙語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自英語 meme

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

meme m(复数 memes

  1. 模因迷因(透過模仿在人與人之間傳播的思想、行為或風格)
  2. (網絡) /網路迷因,網路爆火現象

托克皮辛語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

英語 meh(山羊叫聲)的重複。

名詞[编辑]

meme

  1. 山羊

土耳其語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自鄂圖曼土耳其語 ممه (乳頭,乳房),為兒童用語,類似古希臘語 μᾰ́μμη (mámmē)波斯語 ممه (mame)。突厥語族內對比阿塞拜疆語 məmə土庫曼語 määme

名詞[编辑]

meme(定宾格 memeyi,复数 memeler

  1. (解剖學) 乳房

變格[编辑]

變格
主格 meme
定賓格 memeyi
單數 複數
主格 meme memeler
定賓格 memeyi memeleri
與格 memeye memelere
方位格 memede memelerde
奪格 memeden memelerden
屬格 memenin memelerin
所有格形式
單數 複數
第一人稱單數 memem memelerim
第二人稱單數 memen memelerin
第三人稱單數 memesi memeleri
第一人稱複數 mememiz memelerimiz
第二人稱複數 memeniz memeleriniz
第三人稱複數 memeleri memeleri