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estate

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英語[编辑]

estate在英語維基百科上的資料

詞源[编辑]

繼承中古英語 estat,來自盎格魯-諾曼語 estat古法語 estat(法語:état),來自拉丁語 statusstatestatus同源對似詞

發音[编辑]

  • 英語發音ĭ-stāt國際音標(幫助)/ɪˈsteɪt/
    • 音頻 (美國)(檔案)
    • 韻部:-eɪt

名詞[编辑]

estate (複數 estates)

  1. 遺產 (自19世紀)
  2. (罕用古舊) 狀態條件 (自13世紀)
    • c. 1601–1602 (写稿日期), 威廉·莎士比亚, “Twelfe Night, or What You Will [第十二夜]”, 出自 Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio第一对开本)), 伦敦: [] Isaac IaggardEd[ward] Blount, 出版於 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i],頁號 275:
      But when I came to mans eſtate,
      With hey ho, [the winde and the raine],
      Gainſt Knaues and Theeues men ſhut their gate.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], →OCLC, Romans 12:16:
      Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1643, John Milton, Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce:
      To remove therfore if it be possible, this great and sad oppression which through the strictnes of a literall interpreting hath invaded and disturb’d the dearest and most peaceable estate of houshold society, to the over-burdening, if not the over-whelming of many Christians better worth then to be so deserted of the Churches considerate care, this position shall be laid down; first proving, then answering what may be objected either from Scripture or light of reason.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (古舊) 階級 (自13世紀)
  4. (古舊) 財富財產資產 (自14世紀)
  5. (棄用) 貴族貴婦 (14世紀–17世紀)
  6. (歷史) 階層地位 (王國境內的諸階層) (自14世紀)
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial, 出版於 2007,頁號 115:
      I am afraid that some of the nobles who are campaigning for it simply want to use the Estates to cut down the King's power and increase their own.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2011, Norman Davies, Vanished Kingdoms, Penguin, 出版於 2012,頁號 202:
      The three estates of feudal lords, clergy and royal officers met in separate chambers, and exercised an advisory role.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  7. (法律) 地產 (自15世紀)
  8. (尤指廣闊) 領地領土莊園 (自18世紀)
    • 2014 9月 7, “Doddington's garden pyramid is a folly good show: The owners of a Lincolnshire stately home have brought the folly into the 21st century, by building a 30ft pyramid [print edition: Great pyramid of Lincolnshire, 6 September 2014, p. G2]”, 出自 The Daily Telegraph[1], London:
      It has been a long time since new follies were springing up across the great estates of Britain. But the owners of Doddington Hall, in Lincolnshire, have brought the folly into the 21st century, by building a 30ft pyramid in the grounds of the Elizabethan manor.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  9. 國有土地
  10. (英國有時貶義) 住宅區 (自20世紀)
    • 2012 10月 19, Josephine McDermott, “London's new housing loses the 'dirty word'”, 出自 BBC News[2]:
      Professor Loretta Lees from King's College London's geography department says, "The word 'estate' has become synonymous with the term 'ghetto'. It's become a dirty word. Back in the '20s and '30s it didn't carry the same stigma."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  11. (英國汽車) 旅行車;一種帶有尾門(或升降門)的汽車 (自20世紀)
  12. (棄用) 國家政體
    • 1612, Francis Bacon, Of Judicature:
      I call matter of estate not only the parts of sovereignty, but whatsoever [] concerneth manifestly any great portion of people.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  13. (計算機) 一個配置的集體資訊科技資源
    • 2015, Peter Carter, Pro SQL Server Administration,頁號 82:
      This time, however, it only includes the static parameters that you expect to be consistent across your estate.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

同義詞[编辑]

衍生詞[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

estate (無比較級)

  1. (珠寶委婉) 以前擁有的;二手
    an estate diamond; estate jewelry

動詞[编辑]

estate (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 estates,現在分詞 estating,一般過去時及過去分詞 estated)

  1. (棄用及物) 給遺產
  2. (棄用及物) 賜予

參見[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]

因特語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自意大利語

名詞[编辑]

estate (複數 estates)

  1. 夏天

參見[编辑]

Template:Table:seasons/ia

意大利語[编辑]

意大利語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 it

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

state的拉丁化修飾,繼承拉丁語 aestātem,源自原始印歐語 *h₂eydʰ- (燃燒;火)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

estate f (複數 estati)

  1. 夏天

相關詞[编辑]

參見[编辑]

Template:Table:seasons/it

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • estate 在Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

異序詞[编辑]

西班牙語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

estate

  1. estar 的屈折变化形式:
    1. 第二人稱單數命令式te 的合詞
    2. 第二人稱單數voseo命令式te 的合詞