milk

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
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英语[编辑]

A glass of cow's milk.
一杯牛奶

发音[编辑]

  • 英語發音mĭlkIPA(幫助)/mɪlk/
    • 文檔
    • 文檔
  • (加拿大五大湖某些使用者) IPA(幫助)[mɛlk][1]

词源 1[编辑]

源自中古英語 milkmylkmelkmulc,源自古英語 meolcmeoluc (),源自原始日耳曼語 *meluks,源自原始印歐語 *h₂melǵ-

名词[编辑]

milk可數 & 不可數,複數 milks

  1. (不可數) ;(尤指)牛奶
    近義詞: dairy milkcowmilk (本词常暗指)
    Skyr is a product made of curdled milk.
    Skyr由凝制成。
    • 2007 September 24, Chris Horseman (interviewee), Emily Harris (reporter), “Global Dairy Demand Drives Up Prices”, Morning Edition, National Public Radio
      [] there's going to be that much less milk available to cover any other uses. Which means whether it's liquid milk or whether it's [milk that's been turned into] cheese or yogurt, the price gets pulled up right across the board.
    • 2017, Adam Rutherford, A Brief History of Everyone Who Ever Lived, The Experiment, →ISBN, page 75:
      In the West it's' fairly normal to drink milk in various forms into adulthood.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不可數, 引申义) 植物乳,(植物的)白色乳汁
    近義詞: m*lkmylknon-dairy milkplant milk
    • 2018年9月16日, Alexandra Spring, “'Milk' mania: why most alternatives aren't great – but camel milk just might be”, in The Guardian[2]:
      Where it does fall down, however, is its nutritional value. While oats are largely a healthy grain to include in your diet, the milk is highly diluted with water, giving it little nutritional value.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2020年1月29日, Annette McGivney, “Almonds are out. Dairy is a disaster. So what milk should we drink?”, in The Guardian[3]:
      For environmentally minded consumers, the news is hard to swallow: almond milk is not healthy for the planet and the popular milk substitute is especially hard on bees.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (可数, 非正式) (点餐时的一份)
    Table three ordered three milks.
    三号桌点了3份
    (正式说法:The guests at table three ordered three glasses of milk.
  4. (可数或无变化) (加到茶、咖啡等的一份)
    I take my tea with two milk(s) and two sugar.
    我给我的茶配两份两份糖。
    • 2014, Don Eggspuehler, Teachings 源自Pop, Author House (ISBN 9781496907202), page 459:
      She just sat there drinking cup after cup of strong coffee, with two milks and two sugars.
    • 2015, Carolyn Arnold, City of Gold: (Mathew Connor Adventure Series Book 1), Hibbert & Stiles Publishing Inc. (ISBN 9781988353043)
      Five minutes later, he returned with Justin's large coffee with two milk and two sweeteners and a black coffee for himself.
    • 2019, Maggie Blackbird, Redeemed: The Matawapit Family Series, #1, eXtasy Books (ISBN 9781487424558), page 349:
      Mrs. Dale huffed up to the counter and fired her battle-axe stare at the attendant. “One medium tea. ... Two double-doubles, and one with two milk and two sweeteners.”
    • 2020, John Mitton, Tedmund and the Murdered Heiress, Page Publishing, Inc (ISBN 9781645846505)
      She placed on her desk a brown paper bag; it held her breakfast, cream cheese on a toasted bagel and coffee with two milks and one sugar.
  5. 牡蛎
  6. (不可數, 俚語) 精液
衍生词汇[编辑]
相关词汇[编辑]
派生語彙[编辑]
  • 楚克語: minik
  • 卡米拉瑞語: milambaraay
  • 吉伯特語: miriki
  • 日語: ミルク (miruku)
  • 朝鮮語: 밀크 (milkeu)
  • 林加拉語: míliki
  • 毛利語: miraka
  • 馬紹爾語: milik
  • 沃拉普克語: milig
  • 約魯巴語: mílíìkì
用法说明[编辑]

在2017年欧盟法庭的一次裁定中,[2]“milk”被禁止在欧盟地区用于宣发植物制品(词义2)。

词源 2[编辑]

Milking a cow at Ambrose's farm, Raglan, Queensland, 1912

源自中古英語 milken,源自古英語 melcan,源自原始日耳曼語 *melkaną,最终源自原始印歐語 *h₂melǵ-,和上方名词相同的词干。对比荷蘭語德語 melken丹麥語 malke挪威語 mjølke,以及拉丁語 mulgeō (挤奶)古希臘語 ἀμέλγω (amélgō, 挤奶)阿爾巴尼亞語 mjel (挤奶)俄語 молоко́ (molokó)立陶宛語 mélžti吐火羅語A mālk-

动词[编辑]

milk(第三人稱單數簡單式 milks,現在分詞 milking,一般過去時及過去分詞 milked

  1. (及物) 从...挤奶
    The farmer milked his cows.
    农民给他的牛挤了奶
  2. (及物) 挤出(奶)
    to milk wholesome milk from healthy cows
    从健康牛挤出健康奶。
  3. (及物) 从...(任何生物)挤出(任何液体)
  4. (及物, 比喻义) 过度使用压榨榨取趁机榨取
    When the audience began laughing, the comedian milked the joke for more laughs.
    观众开始笑时,喜剧演员想从笑话中强行获得更多笑声。
    • July 21, 1877, "The Block in the Courts" in The Spectator
      They [the lawyers] milk an unfortunate estate as regularly as a dairyman does his stock.
    • 2018年8月27日, Daniel Taylor, “Lucas Moura double for Spurs deepens gloom at Manchester United”, in The Guardian (London)[4]:
      If nothing else, José Mourinho can be grateful there was no mutiny. He still heard his name being sung and at the final whistle Old Trafford was not too unkind on the manager or his players. He milked it, too, marching over to the Stretford End to thank them for their generosity.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  5. (指电池) (充电最后阶段时)冒出气泡
  6. (及物, 俚語) 榨精,尤指仅为自己的快感男性行手淫
    近義詞: masturbate
    Controlled milking can actually establish and consolidate a mistress’ dominance over her sub rather than diminish it.
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
    Template:Rfquote-sense
衍生词汇[编辑]

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. Arden R. Thorum, Phonetics: A Contemporary Approach (2013), page 107
  2. “Judgment of the Court (Seventh Chamber) of 14 June 2017”, EUR-Lex[1], 14 June 2017: “The term “milk” shall mean exclusively the normal mammary secretion obtained from one or more milkings without either addition thereto or extraction therefrom.”

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg milk在英語維基百科上的資料。維基百科 en

异序词[编辑]


斯堪尼亚语[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自古諾爾斯語 mjǫlk,源自原始日耳曼語 *meluks

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

milk m