suffer

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英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古英語 suffren,源自盎格魯-諾曼語 suffrir,源自拉丁語 sufferō (献上,支撑,承受,遭受),源自sub- () + ferō (撑着),源自原始印歐語 *bʰer- (负,持)。取代了原生词古英語 þrōwian

发音[编辑]

动词[编辑]

suffer(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 suffers,現在分詞 suffering,一般過去時及過去分詞 suffered

  1. (不及物) 受苦,受磨难
    近義詞: bear
    Many artists suffer before becoming famous.
    很多艺术家在成名前都吃过很多苦
  2. (不及物) 感受痛苦
    近義詞: agonizeanguishthole;亦參見Thesaurus:suffer
    At least he didn't suffer when he died in the car crash.
    至少他死在交通事故里之前没有痛苦
  3. (不及物) 恶化,变差
    近義詞: deteriorateworsen;亦參見Thesaurus:worsen
    If you keep partying like this, your school-work will suffer.
    你老是天天去聚会的话,你成绩会变差的。
    • 1961 October,“Motive Power Miscellany: Scottish Region”,出自 Trains Illustrated, 頁號638:
      Our correspondent found that timekeeping had suffered following the substitution of Class 5 4-6-0s on these workings.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. (及物) 承受经受忍受蒙受
    近義詞: beardreethole;亦參見Thesaurus:tolerate
    I've been suffering your insults for years.
    忍受你的侮辱已经很多年了。
    We hope you never have to suffer the same pain.
    我们希望你不用吃一样的苦。
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Winter's Tale
    • 2013年7月6日,“The rise of smart beta”,出自 The Economist,卷號408,期號8843, 頁號68:
      Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  5. (及物, 古舊, 法律) 允许
    近義詞: permit

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荷兰语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

词源 1[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

suffer

  1. suf比較級

词源 2[编辑]

名词[编辑]

suffer m(複數 suffers

  1. sufferd 的另一種寫法

拉丁语[编辑]

动词[编辑]

suffer

  1. sufferō第二人稱單數現在時主動態命令式