prejudice

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英語[编辑]

替代寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自中古英語 prejudice,來自古法語 prejudice,來自拉丁語 praeiūdicium (前例,前判;傷害,損害),來自prae- (之前) + iūdicium (審判)

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/ˈpɹɛd͡ʒədɪs/
  • 文檔
  • 斷字:prej‧u‧dice

名詞[编辑]

prejudice可數 & 不可數,複數 prejudices

  1. (可數) 成見偏見
  2. (可數) 先入為主
  3. (可數) 歧視
    I am free of all prejudices. I hate everyone equally.
    我不帶任何歧視。我平等地恨每一個人。
  4. (棄用) 預知預示
  5. (主要用於法律, 棄用) 損害傷害損傷
    • 1793,Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin[1], §20:
      We both of us happen’d to know, as well as the Stationer, that Riddlesden the Attorney, was a very Knave. He had half ruin’d Miss Read’s Father by drawing him in to be bound for him. By his Letter it appear’d, there was a secret Scheme on foot to the Prejudice of Hamilton, (Suppos’d to be then coming over with us,) and that Keith was concern’d in it with Riddlesden. [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1702, W. Popple (translator), John Locke, A Letter concerning Toleration []
      for no injury is thereby done to any one, no prejudice to another man's goods
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Henry 8
    • Template:RQ:Fuller Worthies of England

衍生詞[编辑]

相關詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

prejudice(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 prejudices,現在分詞 prejudicing,一般過去時及過去分詞 prejudiced

  1. (及物) 對(某人的地位、機會等)產生負面影響
  2. (及物) 引起偏見;使人的思想產生偏差

相關詞[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

prejudice

  1. prejudiced 的拼寫錯誤

參見[编辑]


古法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 praeiudicium

名詞[编辑]

prejudice f(間接格複數 prejudices,主格單數 prejudice,主格複數 prejudices

  1. (主要用於法律) 傷害損害
  2. (主要用於法律) 先入為主偏見

派生詞[编辑]

  • 英語: prejudice
  • 法語: préjudice