fuck

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Wikipedia
请参考英语维基百科条目“Fuck”。

英语[编辑]

其他写法[编辑]

  • [婉]f-ck;f**k;the F word;f***;****


词源[编辑]

词源不明,很可能为日耳曼语源。最早见于公元772年的一份章程正文,其中提到一处名为 Fuccerham 的地点,据推测可能是“肏者之家”(ham)或“肏者之牧场”(hamm)的意思。

该词最早出现在书面英语是在中世纪(1495-1505)一份名为 Flen flyys and freris 的诗歌中,其中有仿拉丁语的 fvccant 一词。最早见于词典是在1598年。[1]

16世纪时,以 fuckfuk 的形式出现在低地苏格兰语中,[2]最早的例证是苏格兰诗人威廉·邓巴(William Dunbar)在1503年所写的诗歌 “Brash of Wowing”,[3]其中包含如下诗词:

Yit be his feirris he wald haif fukkit: / Ye brek my hairt, my bony ane.


对比挪威语(方言) fukka(肏)、瑞典语 fokka(最早为“肏/冲”,现为 focka“解雇”)、中古荷兰语(和现代荷兰语) fokken(交配繁殖)。可能追溯到原始印欧语 *peuk-(击)(拉丁语 pugnus(拳) 源于此词根),但不能确定。


发音[编辑]


动词[编辑]

to fuck(第三人称单数简单现在时 fucks,现在分词 fucking,简单过去时和过去分词 fucked)[及物/不及物]

  1. [俗、淫]性交做爱
    • 2007, Lionel Shriver, The post-birthday world
      She wanted to fuck him more than she had ever wanted to fuck any man in her life. 她想与他做爱的欲望,比她想与其他任何男人做爱的欲望,都要强烈。
  2. [俗、淫]将阴茎、假阴茎或类似形状物体,插入孔或缝隙(如肛门、乳沟)中
    • 2006, Rachel Kramer Bussel, Glamour Girls: Femme/Femme Erotica
      She shoved them up and together, pushing into me, forcing my foot to fuck her tits harder and harder while gasping as if I was shoving it deep into her body... 她把它们推到一起,推紧到我的身体,迫使我用脚肏她的奶子。她越动越强烈,还边喘气,好像我在和她猛烈地做爱一样……
  3. [俗]使陷入困难或不可能的境地
    If you do that, I’m fucked. 如果你那么做的话,我就完蛋了。
    I'm afraid they're gonna fuck you on this one. 估计这次他们要让你陷入困境。
  4. [俗](多接 up)损坏、破坏
    You’re going to fuck up that TV! 你要把电视弄坏是吧!
    I fucked up my truck. 我把卡车弄坏了。
    • 2001, Colson Whitehead, John Henry Days
      Goodman says he wants him to come in tomorrow and Moses is so afraid he's fucked up his chance again that he says yeah... 古德曼说他想明天来;摩西害怕把机会再浪费掉,于是说了同意。
  5. [俗]骗取、诈取
    I got fucked at the used car lot. 我拍旧车的时候,出价出高了。
  6. [俗]玩、玩弄、修补
    Stop fucking with the remote control. 不要玩遥控器。
    • 2006, Kilian Betlach, This Feels Like A Riot Looks
      They couldn't hear a single note Ted was playing and the sound guy kept yelling at them to stop fucking with the levels so he could make adjustments. 泰德弹的音他们一个都听不到;管音响的人朝他们喊,让他们不要再乱弄音量,以使他做些调整。
  7. [俗、多贬](表示对某人或某事/某物的不满)
    (something) Fuck this shit! 烂东西!
    (someone) Fuck her! 该死的人!
  8. [俗、多冒犯]不再视为重要、不再关心、忘掉
    Well, fuck you, man. 你个该死的。


近义词[编辑]


翻译[编辑]


名词[编辑]

fuck(复数 fucks

  1. [俗]性行为
    • 1975, Alexander Buzo, Tom
      No, but I've got a film of a couple of crocodiles having a fuck. 不,不过我有鳄鱼交尾的片子。
  2. [俗]性伴侣
    • 2005, Etgar Keret, The Nimrod flip-out
      If he's a lousy fuck, I can at least say I had a lousy fuck, and if he's a great fuck, well that's even better... 如果他不是个出色的性伴侣,我至少可以说我有过一个不好的性伴侣——当然如果他是个好极了的性伴侣,那当然更好……
  3. [俗]令人憎恶的人
    • 2002, Robert Williams, The Remembrance
      She used to be a secretary but then she realized that she could run a business a hell of a lot better than those stupid fucks could. 她曾经是秘书,但后来她意识到,在经营生意方面,她完全可以比那些笨蛋干得更好。
  4. [俗]射精
    • 1785, Marquis de Sade, The 120 Days of Sodom
      ...first having been relieved of some fuck... 


近义词[编辑]


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感叹词[编辑]

fuck

  1. [俗]表示失望或不满。
    Oh, fuck! We left the back door unlocked. 妈的!我们忘记锁后门了!
    Fuck! Why do you have to be so difficult all the time? 肏!你怎么总是这么难伺候?


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相关词汇[编辑]


参考资料[编辑]

  1. Can a Woman “Prong” a Man? Why it’s so hard to put sex in the dictionary, by Jesse Sheidlower, 2009-10-01, Slate.com
  2. Dictionary of the Scots language: Fuk, Fuck, citing William Dunbar and David Lyndsay (Lyndsay’s Answer to the Kingis Flyting 1536 and Ane Pleasant Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis, 1540), as collected in the Bannatyne Manuscript.
  3. Incipit of poem: ‘In secret place this hyndir nycht’
  • Sheidlower, Jesse, The F Word (1999) ISBN 0-375-70634-8.
  • Wang, Munç (pseudonym of Avery Andrews), Copulative sentences in English: a Germanic language spoken in Northern Delaware, in Studies Out in Left Field: Defamatory Essays Presented to James D. McCawley on the Occasion of His 33rd or 34th Birthday, eds Peter H. Salus, Arnold M. Zwicky, James D. McCawley, Robert I. Binnick, 1971:37–43, ISBN 978-1-55619460-3
    A tongue-in-cheek discussion of the grammaticalness of various uses of fuck.

异序词[编辑]