limp

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
跳到导航 跳到搜索

英语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/lɪmp/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-ɪmp

词源 1[编辑]

源自中古英語 limpen (缺憾),源自古英語 limpan,源自原始日耳曼語 *limpaną (吊着),源自原始印歐語 *(s)lemb-*(s)lembʰ- (松垮地垂)。与低地德語 lumpen (跛脚)中古高地德語 limpfen (蹒跚)德語方言词lampen (松垮地垂)冰島語 limpa (软,弱)同源。

动词[编辑]

limp(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 limps,現在分詞 limping,一般過去時及過去分詞 limped

  1. (不及物) 跛脚一瘸一拐
    • 2011年4月11日, Phil McNulty, “Liverpool 3 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Dirk Kuyt sandwiched a goal in between Carroll's double as City endured a night of total misery, with captain Carlos Tevez limping off early on with a hamstring strain that puts a serious question mark over his participation in Saturday's FA Cup semi-final against Manchester United at Wembley.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物, 比喻义, 指载具) (因受损)艰难行进
    The bomber limped home on one engine.
    轰炸机靠着一个引擎艰难地返航了。
  3. (不及物, 比喻义) 乱动乱来混乱
    limping verses
    一塌糊涂的韵文
    The business limped through the recession.
    生意颠颠簸簸地撑过了经济萧条。
  4. (扑克俚语, 不及物) 此詞需要釋義。請幫手添加
衍生词汇[编辑]

名词[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:

limp(複數 limps

  1. 跛行一瘸一拐
    She walks with a limp.
    她走路一瘸一拐
  2. (用来剔除贫矿杂质等的)刮刀

词源 2[编辑]

源自中古英語 *limp*lemp,源自古英語 *lemp(仅可考于复合词lemphealt (一瘸一拐)内),源自原始日耳曼語 *limpaną (挂着),源自原始印歐語 *(s)lemb-*(s)lembʰ- (松垮地垂)。与德語 lampecht (松弛的)冰島語 lempinnlempiligur (柔韧的)同源。见前文。

形容词[编辑]

limp比較級 limper最高級 limpest

  1. 的,松弛
  2. 薄弱的,柔弱
    a limp rope
    软软的绳子
  3. (指阴茎)勃起的,
  4. (指人)勃起的,
  5. 虚弱的,羸弱
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France [2]
      Another line-out was stolen, and when the ball was sent left Clerc stepped and spun through limp challenges from Wilkinson, Chris Ashton and Foden to dive over and make it 11-0.
衍生词汇[编辑]


动词[编辑]

limp(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 limps,現在分詞 limping,一般過去時及過去分詞 limped

  1. (不及物) 无能,不符合要求不行

名词[编辑]

limp(複數 limps

  1. (用来剔除贫矿杂质等的)刮刀

词源 3[编辑]

源自中古英語 limpen,源自古英語 limpan (发生;存在;属于;适合;有关于),源自原始日耳曼語 *limpaną (滑动,适合),源自原始印歐語 *(s)lemb-*(s)lembʰ- (松垮地垂)。与低地蘇格蘭語 limp (发生)中古荷蘭語 limpen (发生)中古低地德語 gelimpen (缓和)中古高地德語 limfen (合适;成为)同源。

动词[编辑]

limp(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 limps,現在分詞 limping,過去式 lamp limped,過去分詞 lump limped

  1. (棄用, 不及物) 发生
  2. (棄用, 及物) 发生到...身上
衍生词汇[编辑]

词源 4[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

短语[编辑]

limp

  1. (歷史) 單詞 Louis XIVJames IIQueen Mary of Modena and the Prince of Wales (詹姆斯党内的一个暗号) 之首字母縮略詞[1]
    • 1770, A Lee, The Political Detection: Or, the Treachery and Tyranny of Administration, Both at Home and Abroad;, page 4:
      To intimidate the people, you drew up Resolves, and an Address to his Majesty, founded on evidence from Governor Barnard, the Commissioners of Revenue, Custom-house Officers, and a few poor, expectant and dependent creatures, whom your Limp corresponds with in Boston; and thereby, having imposed upon, and deceived the legislature, sanctified your despotism, at the expence of their last Liberties;
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1915, Thomas Babington Macaulay Baron Macaulay, Charles Harding Firth, The History of England: from the Accession of James the Second:
      Even if he were set at liberty, what could he do but haunt Jacobite coffeehouses, squeeze oranges, and drink the health of Limp?
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

参考资料[编辑]

  1. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, Millennium Edition, art. "Limp"

异序词[编辑]


达尔马提亚语[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

词源[编辑]

派生自拉丁語 lampas。对比意大利語 lampo

名词[编辑]

limp m

  1. 闪电