malum

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 malum

發音[编辑]

  • 英語發音mälʹəm, IPA(幫助)/ˈmæl.əm/

名詞[编辑]

malum(複數 malums

  1. (正式) 壞事

參考資料[编辑]

  • OneLook 在线词典 上有关 malum 的释义
  • malum in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

異序詞[编辑]


拉丁語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自malus (邪惡的)

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈma.lum/, [ˈma.ɫ̪ʊ̃ˑ]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈma.lum/, [ˈmaː.lum]
  • 文檔

形容詞[编辑]

malum

  1. malus的主格/賓格/呼格中性單數
  2. malus賓格陽性單數

名詞[编辑]

malum n(属格 malī); 第二类变格

  1. 壞事, 不幸災禍
  2. 傷害受傷
變格[编辑]

第二類變格 noun (neuter)。

單數 複數
主格 malum mala
屬格 malī malōrum
與格 malō malīs
賓格 malum mala
奪格 malō malīs
呼格 malum mala

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 法語: mal

感歎詞[编辑]

malum

  1. 該死見鬼
    • c. 200 BCE, Plautus, Menaechmi 2.3.389.390:
      Erotium: Certo, tibi et parasito tuo.
      Sosicles: Quoi, malum, parasito? Certo haec mulier non sana est satis.
      Certainly you did, for yourself and your parasite."
      "For whom? Fuck, parasite? Surely this woman isn't quite right in her senses.

相關詞彙[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

māla rubra (紅蘋果)

借自多利安希臘語 μᾶλον (mâlon, 蘋果)μῆλον (mêlon)的變體。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

mālum n(属格 mālī); 第二类变格

  1. 蘋果
  2. 馬兜鈴Aristolochia
變格[编辑]

第二類變格 noun (neuter)。

單數 複數
主格 mālum māla
屬格 mālī mālōrum
與格 mālō mālīs
賓格 mālum māla
奪格 mālō mālīs
呼格 mālum māla
派生詞[编辑]
相關詞彙[编辑]
派生語彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  • malum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • malum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • malum在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • malum在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (模糊)to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (模糊)to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (模糊)to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • (模糊)to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • (模糊)to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (模糊)to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • (模糊)moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (模糊)my mind forebodes misfortune: animus praesāgit malum
    • (模糊)my mind forebodes misfortune: animo praesagio malum
    • (模糊)a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (模糊)a guilty conscience: animus male sibi conscius
    • (模糊)to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (模糊)a moral (immoral) man: homo bene (male) moratus
    • (模糊)to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (模糊)to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • (模糊)from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
    • (模糊)to buy dearly: magno or male emere
    • (模糊)to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • (模糊)I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)