或是派生自hump,經由早期中古英語*hunche*humpchin,來自*hump +‎ -chin, -chen (指小詞後綴),等同於hump +‎ -kin。“預感,猜測”義據說源自過去賭博時摸駝背能帶來好運的迷信。



hunch (複數 hunches)

  1. 突起隆起的物體
  2. 駝背弓身姿勢
    The old man walked with a hunch.
  3. 預感猜測直覺
    I have a hunch they'll find a way to solve the problem.
  4. a hunch of bread麵包
    • 1926, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Land of Mist[1]:
      "The greedy little bastards! They had a 'unch of bread each when I 'ad my dinner."
  5. 手肘擠或推



hunch (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 hunches,現在分詞 hunching,一般過去時及過去分詞 hunched)

  1. (不及物) 身體向前將肩膀隆起;弓身駝背
    近義詞: slouchstooplean
    Don't hunch over your computer if you want to avoid neck problems.
  2. (及物) 抬起(肩膀);向前彎曲(身體)
    They stood outside the door hunching themselves against the rain and puffing on their cigarettes.
    He hunched up his shoulders and stared down at the ground.
    • 1672, Edward Ravenscroft, The Citizen Turn’d Gentleman, London: Thomas Dring, Act I, Scene 1, p. 4,[4]
      Danc[ing] Mast[er]. [] not too fast [] keep you[r] leg[s] straight, [] don’t hunch up your shoulders so;
    • 1924, Ford Madox Ford, Some Do Not ..., New York: Grosset & Dunlap, Part 2, Chapter 2,[5]
      If you hunch your shoulders too long against a storm your shoulders will grow bowed....
    • 1938, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, New York: Scribner, Chapter 17,[6]
      He would hunch his twisted body close and put out his gentle and crooked hand and touch the fawn.
    • 1939, John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath, New York: Viking, 1958, Chapter 10, p. 142,[7]
      They sat looking out at the dark, at the square of light the kitchen lantern threw on the ground outside the door, with a hunched shadow of Grampa in the middle of it.
  3. (不及物) 聳著肩膀走路
    近義詞: slouch
    • 1955, J. P. Donleavy, The Ginger Man, New York: Dell, Chapter 2, p. 9,[8]
      [] the figure hunched up the road.
    • 1969, Ray Bradbury, “The Inspired Chicken Motel” in I Sing the Body Electric, New York: Knopf, p. 57,[9]
      [] once we had hunched in out of the sun and slunk through a cold pork-and-beans-on-bread lunch [] my brother and I found a desert creek nearby and heaved rocks at each other to cool off.
    • 1983, Jack Vance, Suldrun’s Garden, Spatterlight Press, 2012, Chapter 18,[10]
      [] wheezing and grunting he hunched across the room.
  4. (及物) 隆起,使突出彎曲(背等)。
    • 1679, John Dryden and Nathaniel Lee, Oedipus, London: R. Bentley and M. Magnes, Act I, p. 6,[11]
      [] thou art all one errour; soul and body.
      The first young tryal of some unskill’d Pow’r;
      Rude in the making Art, and Ape of Jove.
      Thy crooked mind within hunch’d out thy back;
      And wander’d in thy limbs:
  5. (及物) 用手肘推或擠;對著某人推或擠。
    近義詞: elbownudge
    • 1667, Roger L’Estrange (translator), The Visions of Dom Francisco de Quevedo Villegas, London: H. Herringman, “The Sixth Vision of Hell,” pp. 182-183,[12]
      After this, we saw a great Troop of Women upon the High-way to Hell, with their Bags; and their fellows, at their Heels, ever, and anon, hunching, and Justling one Another.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, London: for the author, Volume 2, Letter 1, p. 8,[13]
      Hickman, a great over-grown, lank-hair’d, chubby boy, who would be hunch’d and punch’d by every-body; and go home, with his finger in his eye, and tell his mother.
    • 1899, Sutton E. Griggs, Imperium in Imperio, Chapter 6,[14]
      He let his eyes scan the faces of all the white teachers, male and female, but would end up with a stare at the colored man sitting there. Finally, he hunched his seat-mate with his elbow and asked what man that was.
    • 1974, Maya Angelou, Gather Together in My Name, New York: Bantam, 1975, Chapter 12, p. 40,[15]
      She hunched me and winked.
    • 1986, Billy Roche, Tumbling Down, Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 1994, Chapter 6, pp. 102-103,[16]
      [] Crunch burst through, pretending to be in Croke Park or somewhere, hunching me away with his shoulder and holding the ghost of other players at bay as he picked up the football.
  6. (不及物口語) 預感或做出直觀猜測
    • 2010, Max Gunther, The Luck Factor:
      People who are instinctive hunchers go through some such process at every decision-making point of their lives. It is likely that children often make decisions and discern truths by hunching.