awaken

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英語[编辑]

字源[编辑]

來自中古英語 awakenenawaknen,來自古英語 awæcnanawæcnian,來自a- 加上wæcnanwæcnian

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/əˈweɪkən/
  • 韻部:-eɪkən

動詞[编辑]

awaken(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 awakens,現在分詞 awakening,一般過去時及過去分詞 awakened)(參見下方使用註解)

  1. (及物) 叫醒喚醒
    She awakened him by ringing the bell.
    她搖鈴叫醒他。
  2. (不及物) 醒來
    Each morning he awakens with a smile on his face.
    每天早晨他都面帶笑容地醒來
  3. (及物, 比喻) 使活躍激起
    Awaken your entrepreneurial spirit!
    We hope to awaken your interest in our programme.
  4. (神學) 喚起罪惡
  5. (罕用) awake過去時分詞
    • 1665 Robert Hooke, Micrographia
      [This ant] I ſuffered to lye above an hour in the Spirit; and after I had taken it out, and put its body and legs into a natural poſture, remained moveleſs about an hour; but then , upon a ſudden, as if it had been awaken out of a drunken ſleep, it ſuddenly reviv'd and ran away...

使用註解[编辑]

由於經常與 awake 混淆,本詞也承襲了一些 awake 的變位,即簡單過去式和過去分詞分別變成 awokeawoken

近義詞[编辑]

回文構詞[编辑]