aggravate

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 aggravatusaggravare (給……增重,使變差,使煩惱)的過去分詞,源自ad () + gravare (使變重),源自gravis (重的)。參見grave,對比aggrieveaggrege

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/ˈæɡ.ɹə.veɪ̯t/
  • 文檔

動詞[编辑]

aggravate(第三人稱單數簡單式 aggravates,現在分詞 aggravating,一般過去時及過去分詞 aggravated

  1. 使冒犯性增加 [自16世紀]
    • 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 23, column 2:
      Once more, the more to aggrauate the note,
      With a foule Traitors name ſtuffe I thy throte,
      And wiſh (ſo pleaſe my Soueraigne) ere I moue,
      What my tong ſpeaks, my right drawn ſword may proue
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1709 Joseph Addison, The Tatler
      The defense made by the prisoner's counsel did rather aggravate than extenuate his crime.
  2. (引申) 使惡化,使變 [自16世紀]
  3. (現在罕用) 使程度/重量增加 [自16世紀]
    He aggravated the story.
    他把事情誇大了。
  4. (棄用) 使某人負擔加重 [16–18世紀]
    • 1790, Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, Oxford 2009, p. 28:
      In order to lighten the crown still further, they aggravated responsibility on ministers of state.
  5. (現在基本用於口語) 激怒 [自16世紀]
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa:
      If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and sister do mine.
    • 1977, Alistair Horne, A Savage War of Peace, New York Review Books 2006, p. 85:
      Ben Bella was aggravated by having to express himself in French because the Egyptians were unable to understand his Arabic.

近義詞[编辑]

反義詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

拓展閱讀[编辑]


意大利語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

aggravate

  1. aggravare第二人稱複數現在時直陳式
  2. aggravare第二人稱複數命令式
  3. aggravato陰性複數

拉丁語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

aggravāte

  1. aggravō第二人稱複數現在時主動態命令式