smack

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/smæk/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-æk

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古英語 smacsmaksmacke,源自古英語 smæcsmæċċ (味道),源自原始日耳曼語 *smakkuz (味道),源自原始印歐語 *smegʰ-*smeg- (品嘗)。與方言smatch低地蘇格蘭語 smak (味道,香味,氣味)薩特弗里斯蘭語 Smoak (味道)西弗里斯蘭語 smaak (味道)荷蘭語 smaak (味道)德語 SchmackGeschmack (味道)瑞典語挪威語 smak (味道)挪威語 smekke同源。類似古英語 smæċċan (品嘗)。參見smakesmatch

名詞[编辑]

smack可數 & 不可數,複數 smacks

  1. (輕微的)味道風味滋味
    rice pudding with a smack of cinnamon帶一點桂皮味道的米布丁
    • 1896, A. E. Housman, “Terence, this is stupid stuff”, in A Shropshire Lad:
      But take it: if the smack is sour / The better for the embittered hour;
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 少量一點
  3. (俚語, 不可數) 海洛因
    • 2019, Colson Whitehead, The Nickel Boys, Fleet, page 191:
      Claude overdosed on smack in a Chicago flophouse three years later.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. (北英格蘭) 一種炸土豆
派生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

smack(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 smacks,現在分詞 smacking,一般過去時及過去分詞 smacked

  1. (及物) 帶有……的味道
  2. (不及物) 帶有某種味道;與of 連用
    • 1820-25, Charles Lamb, Essays of Elia
      He had his tea and hot rolls in a morning, while we were battening upon our quarter-of-a-penny loaf — our crug — moistened with attenuated small beer, in wooden piggings, smacking of the pitched leathern jack it was poured from.
  3. (不及物) 表示暗示;與of 連用
    Her reckless behavior smacks of pride.

詞源2[编辑]

Smacks in a painting by Carlton Theodore Chapman, ca 1890 (Brooklyn Museum of Art).

源自中古低地德語 smack低地德語 Schmacke, Schmaake (小船))或荷蘭語 smak,可能與荷蘭語 smakken有關。

名詞[编辑]

smack(複數 smacks

  1. 一種小型單桅帆船,一般用於沿海航行和捕魚貿易
  2. 一種水母

參考資料[编辑]

  • smack” in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001

詞源3[编辑]

源自中古荷蘭語 smacken,為擬聲詞。

類似德語 schmatzen (吃東西時發出很大的聲音)荷蘭語 smakken (拋下)門諾低地德語 schmaksen (吧嗒嘴)、方言德語 schmackenSchmackes(對比瑞典語 smak (拍,打)中古低地德語 smacken薩特弗里斯蘭語 smakmuulje (拍,摑)的第一部分)。

名詞[编辑]

smack(複數 smacks

  1. 拍打掌摑(參見spank
  2. 深吻後發出的啵聲
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Shrew
    • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 178:
      Then he told them of the princess, how she came to him, and how much she had to kiss him to get the whistle, when nobody saw or heard it over in the wood - "I must get on with these lies if the vat is to be full," said Ashiepattle, - so he told them about the queen, how stingy she was with the money and how liberal she was with kisses, that one could hear the smacks all over the wood.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. 使勁/後發出的響聲
派生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

smack(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 smacks,現在分詞 smacking,一般過去時及過去分詞 smacked

  1. 拍打掌摑
  2. 使勁/,發出啪的響聲
    • 1832, Banjamin Disraeli, Contarini Fleming
      A horse neighed, and a whip smacked, there was a whistle, and the sound of a cart wheel.
  3. (多用於北美以外) 對小孩體罰(一般是打屁股;北美多用spank
  4. 吧唧嘴吧嗒嘴咂嘴
    • 1763, Robert Lloyd, “A Familiar Epistle” in St. James Magazine:
      But when, obedient to the mode / Of panegyric, courtly ode / The bard bestrides, his annual hack, / In vain I taste, and sip and smack, / I find no flavour of the Sack.
  5. 緊緊地親吻(分離時發出啵聲)

副詞[编辑]

smack(無比較級

  1. 迅速地,利落
    Right smack bang in the middle.
派生詞[编辑]

拓展閱讀[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]


瑞典語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

smack n

  1. (用於短語“inte ett smack) 少量一點

異序詞[编辑]