ism

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自後綴-ism (信仰),特別用於「社會運動」的含意上(19世紀)。對照phobia源自-phobiasophy源自-sophyitis源自-itis,以及ana源自-ana

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/ˈɪz.əm/
    • 文檔
  • 韻部:-ɪzəm

名詞[编辑]

ism(複數 isms

  1. 主義論說
    近義詞: whateverism
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, chapter XV, in Past and Present[1], book 2:
      [] his religion, his worship was like his daily bread to him; — which he did not take the trouble to talk much about; which he merely ate at stated intervals, and lived and did his work upon! This is Abbot Samson’s Catholicism of the Twelfth Century; — something like the Ism of all true men in all true centuries, I fancy! Alas, compared with any of the Isms current in these poor days, what a thing!
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1965, Bertram David Wolfe, Marxism, One Hundred Years in the Life of a Doctrine, page 357:
      An ism does not have to possess the fearful implements of state power to cut off a a deviant or heretical member.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1969, Walter E. Minchinton, Mercantilism; System Or Expediency?, page xi:
      In his exposition, he has failed to achieve the identification of situation, theory, and policy necessary to create an ism.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1986, John Hughes, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, 台词角色Ferris Bueller (Matthew Broderick):
      Isms in my opinion are not good. A person should not believe in an ism – he should believe in himself.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1994, Kenneth Kaye, Workplace Wars and How to End Them, page 70:
      It is important to distinguish between an ism and a mere generalization about group differences. Generalizations that have statistical validity are not isms. An ism assumes that the generalization applies to an individual.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (特指) 歧視的一種形式,例如種族主義性別歧視

參見[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • "isms" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 173.

異序詞[编辑]


阿比諾姆語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

ism

  1. 植物

塞普勒斯阿拉伯語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

繼承自阿拉伯語 اِسْم (ism),繼承自原始閃米特語 *šim-

名詞[编辑]

ism

  1. 名字

烏茲別克語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

借自波斯語 اسم (esm),派生自阿拉伯語 اِسْم (ism).

名詞[编辑]

ism(複數 ismlar

  1. 名字
  2. (語法) 名詞