hoon

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英語[编辑]

A car in Kelmscott, Western Australia, being driven in a way to create burnout

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

來源不明,原是一種辱罵語。最早見於Capricornia (1938) ,是由澳大利亞作家Xavier Herbert (1901–1984) 所用;1941年 Herbert 在信中說他年輕時聽到過這個詞。[1]

名詞[编辑]

hoon(复数 hoons

  1. (澳大利亞, 新西蘭)〉〈〉 小流氓 [自20世紀30年代]
  2. (澳大利亞)〉〈皮條客 [自20世紀50年代]
    • 2009, Adam Shand, The Skull: Informers, Hit Men and Australia's Toughest Cop, Melbourne: Black Inc., ISBN 978-1-86395-438-9; republished Melbourne, Black Inc., 2010, ISBN 978-1-86395-482-2, page 85:
      When the girls were sick, the hoons would beat the shit out of them and put them back on the street.
  3. (澳大利亞, 新西蘭)〉 開訂製車輛的街頭賽車手;開車不講理的人 [自20世紀80年代]
    • 2008 7月 30, “Hoon Laws”, in Victoria Police[2], archived from the original on 15 May 2009:
      Police have impounded an average of 10 cars a day since hoon laws were introduced by the State Government in June 2006. Hoon related offences include burnouts, doughnuts, drag racing, repeated driving while disqualified and high-level speeding. Offences are detailed in section 84C of the Road Safety Act 1986.
    • 2009, Damien Broderick; Rory Barnes, I'm Dying Here: A Comedy of Bad Manners, New York, N.Y.: Point Blank, →ISBN, page 29:
      The hoons piled out of the wreck brimming with righteous road rage, and were settling to the task of beating the shit out of Wozza, Mutton and the hapless wheelman when they discovered the plastic bag.
    • 2012, Sarah Baker; Andy Bennett; Patricia Wise, “Living ‘The Strip’: Negotiating Neighborhood, Community, and Identity on Australia's Gold Coast”, in Chris Richardson and Hans A[rthur] Skott-Myhre, editors, Habitus of the Hood, Bristol; Chicago, Ill.: Intellect, →ISBN, pages 109–110:
      [T]here is an overwhelming sense of youth as a social group with nowhere to go and nothing to do. [] Predictably, this has produced a series of strategies among young people through which to counter the boredom and frustration they often experience. One of the more spectacular – and illegal – examples of this is "hooning" (a localized term for dangerous driving) by young males. [] [H]oons transform the quiet, often sleepy streets of neighborhoods on the Gold Coast into playscapes of their own. [] Equally salient in the context of the present discussion is the random night-time appropriation by hoons of particular streets and neighborhoods on the Gold Coast in which to enact the collective rituals that give the hoon culture both internal cohesion and local notoriety.
  4. (澳大利亞, 新西蘭)方式 [自20世紀80年代]
    • 2018 8月 28, “stars give kiwi slang a hoon”, in The Rock (radio station)[3]:
      The stars of Happytime Murders give Kiwi slang a hoon
    • 2015 2月 13, “TVNZ OnDemand platform”, in TVNZ Ondemand[4]:
      Havin' a hoon on TVNZ's new OnDemand platform
派生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

to hoon(第三人称单数现在式 hoons,现在分词 hooning,过去式 hooned,过去分词 hooned

  1. (澳大利亞, 新西蘭) 做出粗魯的行為
    • 2003, Western Australian Reports: Authorized Law Reports of the Supreme Court of Western Australia, volume 28, Sydney: Published for the Council of Law Reporting of Western Australia by Butterworths, ISSN 0083-8764, page 249:
      [] you've hooned off – it's fair to say hooned off – at quite a high speed.
    • 2012, Rob White, “The Making, Shaking and Taking of Public Spaces”, in Carol Jones, Elaine Barclay, and Rob [I.] Mawby, editors, The Problem of Pleasure: Leisure, Tourism and Crime, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, N.Y.: Routledge, →ISBN:
      Cruising, hooning and street machining all involve the social use of public space where young people can exert agency by independently engaging with their surroundings. Young people use public space to meet their needs, and not always in the way a specific space was designed for. One example is that an industrial area may be used as a prime site for hooning and street racers to congregate because it is less frequently under the gaze of authorities.
    • 2015 11月 20, Jim Ore, Crime is Everywhere (Solaris Saga; 4), Worcestershire: C. Bosley Publishing, →ISBN, page 244:
      Any Smokey in his Pig-pen within fifty kilometres had hooned up and down the streets towards the chase, sirens and tyres screaming, whether they could get into the actual pursuit or not, and all the criminals were glued to their TV's for the endless repeats of the demise of the gunmen in a mid-air ball of fire, []

詞源2[编辑]

未知;可能是擬聲詞。

動詞[编辑]

to hoon(第三人称单数现在式 hoons,现在分词 hooning,过去式 hooned,过去分词 hooned

詞源3[编辑]

借自閩南語 (hun) (普通話 (fēn))。參見fen

名詞[编辑]

hoon(复数 hoons

  1. 〉 英屬亞洲殖民地的一種計量鴉片的重量單位,約等於0.378125克。
    • 1838, N[athaniel] Wallich, “XVII.—A Few Brief Notices on the State of the Population of Prince of Wales' Island, and of the Price at which Opium is Retailed in that Colony”, in Transactions of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society of India, volume I, Calcutta: Re-printed at the Baptist Mission Press, Circular Road, OCLC 1478520, page 57:
      This abovementioned Chandoo or prepared opium for smoking is retailed by them [the East India Company] at 5 pice per hoon, equal to 8000 Spanish dollars per chest, and on the opposite or Queda shore the hoon is sold at 6 pice or 9,600 dollars, []
    • 1848 January, R. Little, “On the Habitual Use of Opium in Singapore”, in J[ames] R[ichardson] Logan, editor, The Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, volume II, number I, Singapore: Printed at the Mission Press, OCLC 927106312, page 23:
      Visited in company with the agent of the Opium farmer 4 Opium shops, found them filled with Chinese except one which had in addition 7 Malays and natives of India. Amongst these were 3 tailors; one woman 30 years old, was there smoking her pipe,—she had been in the habit of doing so for 3 years at the rate of 3 hoons daily,—before she commenced the habit of smoking had children but none since,—thinks that it is owing to the bad habit,—would like much to give up but is frightened.
    • 1860, A chaplain in H. M. Indian Service [pseudonym; James Aberigh Mackay], “An Explanation of the Peiho Massacre”, in From London to Lucknow: With Memoranda of Mutinies, Marches, Flights, Fights, and Conversations. To which is Added, An Opium-smuggler's Explanation of the Peiho Massacre. By a Chaplain in H. M. Indian Service. In Two Volumes, volume II, London: James Nisbet & Co., 21 Berners Street, OCLC 557379855, page 553:
      Examined thirty-one men. Their average consumption was six hoons. The greatest daily consumption by one man was fifteen hoons; the smallest, two. The average number of years they had been addicted to the smoking of opium was seven years and some odd months.
    • 1999, Carl A. Trocki, “Weights and Measures”, in Opium, Empire and the Global Political Economy: A Study of the Asian Opium Trade 1750–1950, Abingdon, Oxon.; New York, N.Y.: Routledge, →ISBN, page x:
      Chinese Catty = 1.33 lb (605 g) / = 16 Tahil (liang or tael). / 1 Tahil = 10 Chee (chandu measures) / = 100 Hoon (fen).
    • 2005, Derek Mackay, “Retail Monopoly”, in Eastern Customs: The Customs Service in British Malaya and the Hunt for Opium, London: The Radcliffe Press, →ISBN, page 141:
      The average smoker used only four hoons, leaving him 36 hoons, nearly half an ounce, to sell on the black market.

詞源4[编辑]

借自印地語 हून (hūn) ← 梵語 हून (hūna)

名詞[编辑]

hoon(复数 hoons

  1. 〉 一種印度的金幣
    • 1835 7月 29, “Decree Passed by the Barcoor Moonsif, in Original Cause, No. 126 of 1835, on the 29th July 1835: Hossamunay Manddawanna Shetty, residing in the Hondady Village, and Brumawhar Mogany, in the Barcoor Talook, versus Sheevy Shetty, his younger brother, Honniya, both nephews of Hossamunay Pomma Shetty, and younger brothers of Soobbiya Shetty, residing in the said Hondady Village, and Bennaycoodra Krooshna Shetty”, in Slavery (East Indies). Return to an Order of the Honourable The House of Commons Dated 22 April 1841;—for, Copy of the Despatch from the Governor-General of India in Council to the Court of Directors of the East India Company, Dated the 8th Day of February 1841 (No. 3), with the Report from the Indian Law Commissioners, dated the 15th Day of January 1841, and its Appendix Enclosed in that Despatch, on the Subject of Slavery in the East Indies, [London]: Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed, published 26 April 1841, OCLC 752530061, appendix IX, page 505:
      The plaintiff in his plaint states, that the first and second defendants' elder brother, Soobbiya Shetty, on the 8th Ashweeja Bahoola of the year Veya, mortgaged to him, for 2½ hoons, his two slaves, viz. a female Dher, named Honnoo, and a male Pardeshey, together with their offspring, and made them over to him; that while they were in his possession, Soobba Shetty died, and the first and the second defendants succeeding to his (Soobba Shetty's) property, they further executed a document to him for hoons 4-8-12, on account of a balance against themselves of rice, &c., making a total mortgage on the slaves of hoons 7-3-12.

參考資料[编辑]

  1. Bruce Moore (October 2008), 章A Hoon by Any Other Name ..., in Ozwords[1], 卷17, 期2, 存档自原始网页于13 March 2016, 页9 (the newsletter of The Australian National Dictionary).

異序詞[编辑]


荷蘭語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古荷蘭語 hone, hoon ← 古荷蘭語 *hōna, *hōni ← 原始日耳曼語 *hauniz

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

 hoon  (〈〉) (不可数,无指小形)

  1. 嘲笑奚落
  2. 鄙視

派生詞[编辑]


芬蘭語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

hoon

  1. hoo 的属格单数形

Kaluli[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

hoon

參考資料[编辑]


維拉莫維安語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古高地德語 han ← 古高地德語 hano

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

hoon m

  1. 公雞

反義詞[编辑]