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harass

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

原始印歐語詞
*ḱe
原始印歐語詞
*ís

动词派生自中古法語古法語 harasser (使...力竭;折磨,烦扰)(现代法語 harasser (使...力竭)),可能源自古法語 harer (放狗追)[1]源自古法蘭克語 *hara (此处,到这里, 命令狗攻击的指令)[2]源自原始日耳曼語 *hē₂r (这里),最终源自原始印歐語 *ḱe (这里;这个) + *ís (那个,那位) + *-r

名词派生自动词。[3]

发音[编辑]

  • (標準英音) 英語發音hăʹrəs, hərăsʹ國際音標(幫助)/ˈhæɹəs/, /həˈɹæs/
  • (英国南部)音频(檔案)
  • (通用美式) 英語發音hərăsʹ, hăʹrəs國際音標(幫助)/həˈɹæs/, /ˈhæɹəs/
    • 重音在第一个音节上的第一个发音较老,一部分人认为只有它是正确的,但重音在第二个音节上的第二个发音现在也很常见。[2]
  • 韻部:-æɹəs, -æs
  • 斷字:ha‧rass

动词[编辑]

harass (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 harasses,現在分詞 harassing,一般過去時及過去分詞 harassed) (及物)

  1. 烦扰骚扰纠缠
    近義詞: beleaguerbesetchevyharryhasslemolestplague
    1. (尤指) (法律上的)频繁再三骚扰
  2. 给...负担,使...紧张
    To harass good people is no different than speaking ill of them.
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
    • 1761, Thomas Boston, “State II. Namely, the State of Nature or of Entire Depravation. Head I. The Sinfulness of Man’s Natural State. [Of the Corruption of the Will.]”, 出自 Human Nature in Its Four-fold State [], 12th版, Edinburgh: [] David Gray [], →OCLC頁號 80:
      The ſoul that dies this death, is like a loving wife matched with a rigorous huſband: ſhe does what ſhe can to pleaſe him, yet he is never pleaſed; but toſſeth, haraſſeth, and beats her, till ſhe break her heart, and death ſets her free: []
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1831, William French and George Skinner(譯者), A New Translation of the Proverbs of Solomon from the Original Hebrew [], Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [] J. Smith printer to the University; London: John Murray [], →OCLC, Proverbs XI:29,頁號 37:
      He, who harasseth his household, shall inherit the wind; / And the fool shall be the servant of the wise in heart.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1839, Martin F[arquhar] Tupper, “Of Discretion”, 出自 Proverbial Philosophy: A Book of Thoughts and Arguments, Originally Treated, 3rd版, London: Joseph Rickerby, [], →OCLC頁號s 147–148:
      Zeal without judgment is an evil, though it be zeal unto good; / [] / By a shoulder to the wheel downhill harasseth the labouring beast, / And where an obstruction were needed, will harm by an ill judged thrusting-on.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • Template:RQ:Tennyson Maud
  3. 反复攻击
  4. (棄用常后接out) 使...筋疲力竭,使...劳累不堪
    • Template:RQ:Bacon War with Spain
    • Template:RQ:Dryden Georgics
    • Template:RQ:Addison Cato
    • 1812, John Mason Good, “Part II. First Series of Controversy.”, 出自 The Book of Job, Literally Translated from the Original Hebrew, and Restored to Its Natural Arrangement: [], London: [] [F]or Black, Parry, and Co. [], by R. Watts, Broxbourn Press, →OCLC, Job XIV:19–20:
      As the waters wear to pieces the stones, / As their overflowings sweep the soil from the land,— / So consumest thou the hope of man; / Thou harassest him continually till he perish; / Thou weariest out his frame, and despatchest him.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1825, Jedediah Cleishbotham [pseudonym], “Substance of Some Traditions Respecting Grimmfer the Wizard”, 出自 New Landlord’s Tales; or, Jedediah in the South. [], 卷 II, London: [] [S. Gosnell] for T[homas] Hookham, [], →OCLC, chapter I,頁號s 126–127:
      '[T]is true, that he neither harasseth his vassals from morn to eve by hard labour and exaction, nor committeth them to the dungeon, when they can no longer work nor pay. But to knights of our calling, Monsieur Robichon, he is as ill disposed as the worst of them:— []
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
      By an unknown author in imitation of Walter Scott’s Tales of My Landlord (1816–1832).

变位[编辑]

衍生词汇[编辑]

相关词汇[编辑]

名词[编辑]

harass (複數 harasses)

  1. (古舊) 骚扰
    近義詞: harassmentpestering

参考资料[编辑]

  1. harass, v.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021
  2. 2.0 2.1 harass, v.”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  3. harass, n.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2019

延伸阅读[编辑]

异序词[编辑]