baffle

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

词源[编辑]

不详。可能与法語 bafouer (藐视)或已弃用的法語 befer (嘲笑)有关,[1]经由苏格兰语bauchle (羞辱)[2]

发音[编辑]

  • 國際音標(幫助)/ˈbæfl̩/
  • 斷字:baf‧fle
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-æfəl

动词[编辑]

baffle (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 baffles, 現在分詞 baffling, 一般過去時及過去分詞 baffled)

  1. 使...困惑,使...不解迷惑 (自17世纪)
    近義詞: 參見Thesaurus:confuse
    I am baffled by the contradictions and omissions in the instructions.
    指示里的自相矛盾和疏漏一头雾水
  2. (不及物) 无谓挣扎 (19世纪)
    A ship baffles with the winds.
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
  3. (now罕用) 制止阻止挫败 (自17世纪)
    • 1798, William Cowper, On the Receipt of My Mother's Picture:
      the art that baffles time's tyrannic claim
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • Template:RQ:South Twelve Sermons
    • 1898, George Bernard Shaw, Caesar and Cleopatra:
      It may have been the failure of Christianity to emancipate itself from expiatory theories of moral responsibility, guilt, innocence, reward, punishment, and the rest of it, that baffled its intention of changing the world.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1915, Edward Plunkett, Lord Dunsany, Fifty-One Tales:
      So they had to search the world again for a sphinx. And still there was none. But they were not men that it is easy to baffle, and at last they found a sphinx in a desert at evening watching a ruined temple whose gods she had eaten hundreds of years ago when her hunger was on her.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. (棄用) 当众羞辱 尤指骑士 (16-17世纪)
  5. (棄用) 欺骗 (16-18世纪)
    近義詞: hoodwinkdeceive
    • a. 1678 (date written)​, Isaac Barrow, “(please specify the chapter name or sermon number). The Duty of Prayer”, 出自 The Works of Dr. Isaac Barrow. [], 卷s (please specify |volume=I to VII), London: A[braham] J[ohn] Valpy, [], 出版於 1830–1831, →OCLC:
      pretences to baffle with his goodness
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

衍生词汇[编辑]

词语搭配[编辑]

(困惑)

  • to be baffled as to why/how (something happened)不知道某事为何发生

名词[编辑]

baffle (複數 baffles)

  1. 声音液体等的)反射板,挡板
    科西嘉語
    Tanker trucks use baffles to keep the liquids inside from sloshing around.
    (請為本使用例添加中文翻譯)
  2. (困惑敌人用的)障壁
  3. (美國方言coal mining) 卷扬机节流阀控制

衍生词汇[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 法語:baffle
  • 西班牙語:bafle

参考资料[编辑]

  1. baffle”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “baffle”, 在线词源词典》(Online Etymology Dictionary

延伸阅读[编辑]

法语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

借自英語 baffle

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

baffle m f (複數 baffles)

  1. 扬声器音响
    近義詞: haut-parleur