araba

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英語[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自土耳其語 araba

名詞[编辑]

araba(复数 arabas

  1. 〉 古代土耳其的一種馬車車廂
    • 1836, No one but a native of the luxurious East could ever have invented an araba, with its comfortable cushions, and its gaily painted roof, and gilded pillars. The prettiest are those of brown and gold, with rose-coloured draperies, through which the breeze flutters to your cheek as blandly as though it loved the tint that reminded it of the roses of the past season amid which it had wandered."— Julia Pardoe, City of the Sultan; and Domestic Manners of the Turks, in 1836.
    • 1845, I found the examination of these antiquities much less pleasant than to look at the many troops of children assembled on the plain to play; and to watch them as they were dragged about in little queer arobas, or painted carriages, which are there kept for hire. William Makepeace Thackeray, Notes on a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo, 1845
    • 1898,There is, however, such a thing as an “araba,” a vehicle drawn by oxen, in which the wives of a rich man are sometimes dragged four or five miles over the grass by way of recreation. The carriage is rudely framed, but you recognise in the simple grandeur of its design a likeness to things majestic; in short, if your carpenter’s son were to make a “Lord Mayor’s coach” for little Amy, he would build a carriage very much in the style of a Turkish araba. — Alexander William Kinglake, Eothen, 1898.
    • 1917,Whenever I mounted the araba, he would whip his horses to a sharp trot or canter for half a mile, and then at a word stop for me to get out. — W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, 1917.

參見[编辑]


世界語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

arabo +‎ -a

發音[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

adj.  araba (复数 arabaj,宾格单数 araban,宾格复数 arabajn

  1. 阿拉伯
  2. (la araba) la araba lingvo (阿拉伯語)的縮略。

派生詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]


意大利語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

araba

  1. arabo的陰性單數形。

名詞[编辑]

araba(〈〉)(复数 arabe

  1. 阿拉伯人(女性)

北部索托語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

araba

  1. 回答

Phuthi[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

借自塞索托語 araba

動詞[编辑]

árába

  1. 回答

索托語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

araba

  1. 回答

派生詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • Phuthi: -araba

西班牙語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

araba

  1. arar 的第一人称单数(yo)过去未完成时直陈式形。
  2. arar 的敬称第二人称单数(usted)过去未完成时直陈式形。
  3. arar 的第三人称单数(él, ella;及 usted)过去未完成时直陈式形。

茨瓦納語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

araba

  1. 回答

土耳其語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源頭不明。原義為“兩輪馬車”,現在可以指所有的車輛和自行車 (Schwarz 1992: 393)。根據 Ramstedt (1905: 23),本詞借自伊朗語族(阿富汗arabá, Shugni. arōbā),阿拉伯語 عَرَبَة (ʿaraba),烏拉爾語族,歐洲、高加索語言。Rybatzki 認為與布鲁夏斯基语 arabá 有關。Doerfer (1963/1965/1967/1975) 認為源自突厥語族或阿拉伯語群。烏茲別克語 arava借入塔吉克語 aråba (“車廂”) (Doerfer 1967: 12) 和 Ormuri arâba (“輪子”) (M29: 387)。其他突厥語族同源詞包括維吾爾語 araba, 吉爾吉斯語 арба (arba), Taranchi hariba, 楚瓦什語 урапа (urapa), 巴什基爾語 арба (arba),韃靼語 арба (arba, 覆蓋著的車皮)[1]。Rybatzki 認為所有的土耳其語形都與布鲁夏斯基语太相似,因此無法確定真正的來源。[2]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

araba(定宾格 arabayı,复数 arabalar

  1. 馬車
  2. 車廂

變格[编辑]

Inflection
主格 araba
定賓格 arabayı
單數 複數
主格 araba arabalar
定賓格 arabayı arabaları
與格 arabaya arabalara
方位格 arabada arabalarda
奪格 arabadan arabalardan
屬格 arabanın arabaların
所有格形式
單數 複數
第一人稱單數 arabam arabalarım
第二人稱單數 araban arabaların
第三人稱單數 arabası arabaları
第一人稱複數 arabamız arabalarımız
第二人稱複數 arabanız arabalarınız
第三人稱複數 arabaları arabaları

派生詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

波斯語: عرابه m (arrâbe)
Shughni: Lua错误 在package.lua的第80行:module 'Module:sgh-translit' not found

拓展閱讀[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. John Burkardt: "Five Letter Words", in Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University.
  2. Volker Rybatzki: "Türkische Lehnwörter im Burushaski" - Studia Orientalia 108 (2010), pp. 149–179.