wherefore

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英语[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古英語 wherforwherforehwarfore,等价于where- (=什么) +‎ for。 对比荷蘭語 waarvoor (为何)德語 wofür (为何)丹麥語挪威語 hvorfor (为何)瑞典語 varför (为何)。详见wherefor

发音[编辑]

  • 英語發音wâ(r)'fô(r)"IPA(幫助)/ˈweə(ɹ)ˌfɔː(ɹ)/
  • 英語發音hwâ(r)'fô(r)"IPA(幫助)/ˈʍeə(ɹ)ˌfɔː(ɹ)/
  • 斷字:where‧fore

副词[编辑]

wherefore(無比較級

  1. (连接副词, 疑问副词, 古旧) 何故为何为什么
  2. (连接副词, 陈述副词, 古旧或正式) 因此
    • 2010年3月17日, House of the United States, House Resolution 1031[1]:
      Wherefore, Judge G. Thomas Porteous, Jr., is guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors and should be removed from office.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

用法说明[编辑]

将“wherefore”解读为“where”是常见的误解,这种误读有时会出现在莎士比亚的《罗密欧与朱丽叶》的复述中,且常是为了喜剧效果。在《罗密欧与朱丽叶》中“Wherefore art thou Romeo?”(第2幕第2场第33句台词)意思不是“你在,罗密欧”,而是“为什么是你,罗密欧?”(“为什么你属于蒙塔古家族?”,即和朱丽叶的家族有世仇的一个家族)。[1]

连词[编辑]

wherefore

  1. (古旧) 为什么
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Isaiah 30:12–13, column 1:
      Wherefore, thus ſaith the holy one of Iſrael, Becauſe ye deſpise this word, and truſt in oppreſſion and peruerſeneſſe, and ſtay thereon: Therefore this iniquitie ſhalbe to you as a breach ready to fall, ſwelling out in a high wall, whoſe breaking commeth ſuddenly at an inſtant.
      所以以色列的聖者如此說:『因為你們藐視這訓誨的話,倚賴欺壓和乖僻,以此為可靠的,故此,這罪孽在你們身上好像將要破裂凸出來的高牆,頃刻之間忽然坍塌。
    • 1914, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Mucker[2], The Gutenberg Project, published 2009:
      Wherefore it was that by the time the authorities awoke to the fact that something had happened Billy Byrne was fifty miles west of Joliet, bowling along aboard a fast Santa Fe freight.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

名词[编辑]

wherefore(複數 wherefores

  1. 缘由目的
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Comedy of Errors
    • 1996, Richard Bausch, Good Evening Mr. & Mrs. America, and All the Ships at Sea, page 72:
      They want their money without reference to the hows and wherefores.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

衍生词汇[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. Gary Martin (1997–), “O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?”, The Phrase Finder, 取回于26 February 2017.