trice

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:Trice-tricetricé tříce

英语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/tɹaɪs/
  • 韻部:-aɪs
  • 文檔

词源 1[编辑]

源自中古英語 trīcentricetrise (拉或推;掳走;偷窃),源自中古荷蘭語 trīsen (升起)[1](现代荷蘭語 trijsen)或中古低地德語 trissen (拉斜杠帆)。之后词源不详。同源词包括丹麥語 trissetridse (用滑轮拖)低地德語 trissentryssendrisendrysen德語 trissentriezen (烦扰,折磨)[2]

动词[编辑]

trice (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 trices,現在分詞 tricing,一般過去時及過去分詞 triced)

  1. (及物, 棄用) ,猛地一拉
  2. (及物) (尤指用绳子)(狭义, 航海)绳子拉起起来
    • 1900, Joseph Conrad, Lord Jim, ch 3:
      ... the fold of his double chin hung like a bag triced up close under the hinge of his jaw.
    • 1911,Arthur H[amilton] Clark,“California Clippers of 1852—The ‘Sovereign of the Seas’”,出自 The Clipper Ship Era: An Epitome of Famous American and British Clipper Ships, Their Owners, Builders, Commanders, and Crews 1843–1869,New York, N.Y.; London:G. P. Putnam's Sons [], OCLC 559490751, 頁號215:
      One of the two men landed had shot and wounded the mate, and the other, known as "Doublin Jack," had knocked the second mate down with a handspike. Captain Low put both these men in irons, triced them up in the mizzen rigging, and gave them each four dozen lashes of ratline stuff, which they had well earned.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
其他形式[编辑]

词源 2[编辑]

源自中古英語 trīcetrise,用于短语at a trīce (很快地,一下子, 字面意思為用一拉),后亦用于短语in a triceon a trice以及with a trice。最终源自中古英語 trīcen,见#词源 1[3]

名词[编辑]

trice (複數 trices)

  1. (现仅用于短语in a trice) 一下子,一瞬间,一眨眼

词源 3[编辑]

源自中古英語 trīcetryystryyst,源自中古荷蘭語 trīsetrijs(现代荷蘭語 trijs (滑轮,绞盘))或中古低地德語 trīssetrītse (起重用的绳子,索具)[4];可能与#词源 1的动词trice古英語 tryndel (滚筒,滚轮)(详见trendtrindle)有关。英语词与丹麥語 tridsetrisse (滑轮)低地德語 trissel (眩晕)德語 trieze (吊车;滑轮)挪威語 triss (滑轮)瑞典語 trissa (滑轮)同源。[5]

名词[编辑]

trice (複數 trices)

  1. (棄用, 罕用) 滑轮绞盘卷扬机
    近義詞: pulleywindlass

参考资料[编辑]

  1. trīcen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 26 August 2018.
  2. trice, v.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1914
  3. trīce, n.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 26 August 2018; “trice, n.2”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1914
  4. trīce, n.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 26 August 2018.
  5. 对比“trice, n.1”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1914

延伸阅读[编辑]

异序词[编辑]

苏格兰盖尔语[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

trice

  1. tric比較級

副词[编辑]

trice

  1. tric比較級

塞尔维亚-克罗地亚语[编辑]

名词[编辑]

trice

  1. trica 的屈折变化形式:
    1. 屬格單數
    2. 主格/賓格/呼格複數