treat

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古英語 treten,源自盎格魯-諾曼語 treter古法語 tretiertraiter,源自拉丁語 trāctare (),源自trahere (拖,拉)的過去分詞詞幹。

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/tɹiːt/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-iːt

動詞[编辑]

treat(第三人稱單數簡單式 treats,現在分詞 treating,一般過去時及過去分詞 treated

  1. (不及物) 討論會談談判 (+ for / with) [自13世紀]
    • 1955, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Return of the King, George Allen & Unwin:
      Now halting a few paces before the Captains of the West he looked them up and down and laughed. 'Is there any in this rout with authority to treat with me?' he asked.
    • 1985, Lawrence Durrell, Quinx, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 1365:
      After all, in this hideous war we have just passed through never forget that Halifax would have treated with Hitler: it took Churchill to refuse.
    • 2010, David Mitchell, The Observer, 6 Jun 2010:
      I wouldn't promote businesses I considered immoral – ambulance-chasing lawyers or online roulette for example – but I've got nothing against computer or software manufacture: they're important and any reputable company in that industry is welcome to treat for my services.
  2. (不及物) 講述 [自14世紀]
    Cicero's writing treats mainly of old age and personal duty.
    西塞羅的著作主要講述的是老年和個人責任。
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling:
      And, indeed, should the excellent Mr Broughton be prevailed on to set fist to paper, and to complete the above-said rudiments, by delivering down the true principles of athletics, I question whether the world will have any cause to lament, that none of the great writers, either antient or modern, have ever treated about that noble and useful art.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • Template:RQ:Milton PL
  3. (及物) 講述談論 [自14世紀]
    The article treated feminism as a quintessentially modern movement.
    這篇文章認為女性主義是典型的現代運動。
  4. (及物, 不及物, 棄用) 懇求乞求 [14-17世紀]
    Only let my family live, I treat thee.
    我乞求他們,至少讓我的家人活下來。
  5. (及物) 對待看待 [自14世紀]
    You treated me like a fool.
    你把我當傻子。
    She was tempted to treat the whole affair as a joke.
    她很想將整件事情當做笑話看待。
  6. (及物) 給某人提供(吃喝);招待請客 [自16世紀]
    I treated my son to some popcorn in the interval.
    中場休息時,我給兒子吃了點爆米花。
    I've done so well this month, I'll treat you all to dinner (or Dinner is my treat.)
    我這個月幹得還行,我請大家吃頓飯吧。
    My husband treated me to a Paris holiday for our anniversary.
    作為結婚紀念日禮物,老公帶我去巴黎度了個假。
  7. (英國, 政治) 賄選
  8. (及物) 治療 [自18世紀]
    They treated me for malaria.
    他們醫治我的瘧疾。
    • 2018, Sandeep Jauhar, Heart: a History, →ISBN, page 204:
      We treated firefighters suffering from smoke inhalation, giving them oxygen to breathe and albuterol mist to help open their airways.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  9. (及物) 處理 [自19世紀]
    He treated the substance with sulphuric acid.
    他用硫酸處理該物質。
    I treated the photo somewhat to make the colours more pronounced.
    我稍微處理了一下照片,使其顏色更加明顯。
  10. 為……獻上
    • 2012, Chelsea 6-0 Wolves [1]
      The Chelsea captain was a virtual spectator as he was treated to his side's biggest win for almost two years as Stamford Bridge serenaded him with chants of "there's only one England captain," some 48 hours after he announced his retirement from international football.

使用注意[编辑]

在北英格蘭的一些方言,過去式和過去分詞用 tret (/tɹɛt/)。

近義詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

treat(複數 treats

  1. 樂事
    I took the kids to the zoo for a treat.
    我帶孩子們去動物園玩。
  2. 驚喜
    It was such a treat to see her back in action on the London stage.
    看見她回到倫敦舞台上演出,真是一場驚喜。
  3. 零食糖果
    Here are some healthy Halloween treats for ghouls and witches of all ages.
    這裡是大鬼小巫都能享用的健康萬聖夜糖果。
  4. 寵物零食
    I lured the cat into her carrier by throwing a couple of treats in there.
    我把一些零食灑到寵物箱裡,引誘我的貓走進去。
  5. (棄用) 會談談判
  6. (棄用) 懇求

派生詞[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]