sus

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拉丁語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自原始意大利語 *sūs,來自原始印歐語 *suH-。對照古希臘語 ὗς (hûs)巴利語 sūkara英語 swinesow

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

sūs m f(不规则,属格 suis); 第三类变格

  1. 近義詞: porcusscrōfa

變格[编辑]

第三類變格名詞(irregular)。

單數 複數
主格 sūs suēs
屬格 suis suum
與格 suī suibus
sūbus
subus
賓格 suem suēs
奪格 sue suibus
sūbus
subus
呼格 sūs suēs

衍生詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

  • 羅馬尼亞語: sor (可能)
  • 撒丁語: sughesue

來源[编辑]

  • sus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • sus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sus在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sus在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (拉丁語-法語詳解詞典), Hachette中的內容
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (模糊)to have become independent, be no longer a minor: sui iuris factum esse
    • (模糊)to outlive, survive all one's kin: omnium suorum or omnibus suis superstitem esse
    • (模糊)to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • (模糊)to take measures for one's safety; to look after one's own interests: suis rebus or sibi consulere
    • (模糊)to employ in the furtherance of one's interests: aliquid in usum suum conferre
    • (模糊)to leave a great reputation behind one: magnam sui famam relinquere
    • (模糊)to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio abūti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • (模糊)to win renown amongst posterity by some act: nomen suum posteritati aliqua re commendare, propagare, prodere
    • (模糊)to immortalise one's name: memoriam nominis sui immortalitati tradere, mandare, commendare
    • (模糊)to take a thing to heart: demittere aliquid in pectus or in pectus animumque suum
    • (模糊)to be contented: rebus suis, sorte sua contentum esse
    • (模糊)to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (模糊)to despair of one's position: desperare suis rebus
    • (模糊)to cause oneself to be expected: exspectationem sui facere, commovere
    • (模糊)self-confidence: fiducia sui (Liv. 25. 37)
    • (模糊)a man of no self-control, self-indulgent: homo impotens sui
    • (模糊)to do one's duty: officium suum facere, servare, colere, tueri, exsequi, praestare
    • (模糊)to neglect one's duty: officium suum deserere, neglegere
    • (模糊)to be courteous, obliging to some one: aliquem officiis suis complecti, prosequi
    • (模糊)to follow one's inclinations: studiis suis obsequi (De Or. 1. 1. 3)
    • (模糊)to be a strict disciplinarian in one's household: severum imperium in suis exercere, tenere (De Sen. 11. 37)
    • (模糊)to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • (模糊)to give audience to some one: sui potestatem facere, praebere alicui
    • (模糊)to have no debts: in suis nummis versari (Verr. 4. 6. 11)
    • (模糊)(a state) has its own laws, is autonomous: suis legibus utitur (B. G. 1. 45. 3)
    • (模糊)to grant a people its independence: populum liberum esse, libertate uti, sui iuris esse pati
    • (模糊)to assert one's right: ius suum persequi
    • (模糊)to obtain justice: ius suum adipisci (Liv. 1. 32. 10)
    • (模糊)to maintain one's right: ius suum tenere, obtinere
    • (模糊)to accept battle: potestatem sui facere (alicui) (cf. sect. XII. 9, note audientia...)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[2], Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004167971
  • Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911), “sūs”, Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (德語), 页639

西班牙語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

感嘆詞[编辑]

sus

  1. 使勁加油

限定詞[编辑]

sus pl(所有格)

  1. su複數的,的,的,的(所有物為複數)
  2. (正式) 你們的(所有物為複數)

相關詞[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]


瑞典語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

sus n

  1. 悠悠的雜音口哨聲,像是從微風中或從人群中傳來的
變格[编辑]
sus 的变格形式
单数 复数
不定 不定
主格 sus suset sus susen
属格 sus susets sus susens

衍生詞[编辑]


土耳其語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

sus

  1. 屈折变化形式:

扎扎其語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

sus n

  1. 藥草