patrol

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英语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

其他形式[编辑]

词源 1[编辑]

源自法語 patrouille,源自古法語 patrouillepatouille (守夜, 字面意思為四处走),源自patrouillerpatouillerpatoiller (蹚水;弄脏),源自pattepate (),源自通俗拉丁語 *patta (爪,脚),源自古法蘭克語 *patta (爪子,脚底),源自原始日耳曼語 *paþjaną*paþōną (走,踏),可能源自原始印歐語 *(s)pent-*(s)pat- (径;走)原始印歐語 *pent-*pat- (径;走)的变体。见find。同源词包括荷蘭語 padpatte ()低地德語 pedden (走,踏)德語 patschen (泼溅,蹚水;摇晃着走)德語 Patsche (拍子;爪;水洼)。与padpath有关。

名词[编辑]

patrol (可數 & 不可數,複數 patrols)

  1. (軍事) 巡逻
    Four members of the squadron were on patrol.
    中队有4名队员在巡逻
    • 1899, Louis Becke and Walter Jeffery, Admiral Phillip Chapter 7
      The watch consisted of twelve convicts—men selected for their good behaviour. Immediately after tattoo had beat they began their patrol. 'No complaint was ever made of them,' remarks Phillip, and they were expressly cautioned to avoid disputes with soldiers or seamen ( many of whom were as great thieves as the convicts themselves).
  2. (軍事) 巡查搜查排查
  3. (軍事) 巡逻队
    • 1919Eddie Rickenbacker,“Chapter 7”,出自 Fighting the Flying Circus:
      After cordial good-bye to our hospitable hostess we motored back to Chaumont where we dined with Colonel Mitchell; and then with another long drive we finally reached home tired but happy at 3.30 in the morning. There staring me in the face was an order directing me to lead my patrol over the lines in the morning at five o'clock, sharp! An hour and a half sleep for an utterly worn out aviator!
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. (公安) 巡逻队
  5. 巡逻
    a customs patrol
    海关巡查
    a fire patrol
    消防巡逻
    • 1787-1788, Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist Papers
      In France there is an army of patrols [] to secure her fiscal regulations.
    • 2013年8月24日,“Boots on the street”,出自 The Economist,卷號408,期號8850:
      Philadelphia’s foot-patrol strategy was developed after a study in 2009 by criminologists from Temple University, which is in the 22nd district. A randomised trial overturned the conventional view that foot patrols make locals like the police more and fear crime less, but do not actually reduce crime. In targeted areas, violent crime decreased by 23%.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  6. (童軍) 小队 童子军中队的一个单位,一般由6到8人组成
    • 脚本错误:函数“quote_t”不存在。
    • 1920,Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell, Aids To Scoutmastership[1], 頁號24:
      The formation of the boys into Patrols of from six to eight and training them as separate units each under its own responsible leader is the key to a good Troop.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
衍生词汇[编辑]

词源 2[编辑]

源自法語 patrouiller,源自古法語 patrouiller (蹚水;四处走;巡逻),源自patte (爪子)

动词[编辑]

patrol (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 patrols,現在分詞 patrolling,一般過去時及過去分詞 patrolled)

  1. (不及物) 巡逻巡查
  2. (及物) 巡逻,在...巡查
    to patrol a frontier
    边疆巡逻
    to patrol a beat
    管区巡逻
    • April 8 1997, Bill Clinton, Proclamation 6983
      Whether attempting to keep the peace in Bosnia, evacuating American citizens from Albania, or patrolling the world's seas and skies, our service men and women risk capture by unfriendly foreign forces.
衍生词汇[编辑]

延伸阅读[编辑]

异序词[编辑]

波兰语[编辑]

波蘭語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 pl

词源[编辑]

借自法語 patrouille,源自中古法語 patrouille,源自古法語 patrouille

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

patrol m inan

  1. (軍事) 巡逻
  2. (軍事) 巡查搜查
  3. (軍事) 巡逻队,巡逻队队员

变格[编辑]

衍生词汇[编辑]

形容词
名词
动词

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • 參見patrolWielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN 中的內容
  • 參見波蘭語詞典PWN上有關patrol的內容