ephemeral

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自新拉丁語 ephemerus,源自古希臘語 ἐφήμερος (ephḗmeros)ἐφημέριος (ephēmérios, 仅持续一天的;仅在白天的;仅存活一天的;短命的;暂时的)的更常见形式,源自ἐπί (epí, 在...之上,在) + ἡμέρα (hēméra, 一天)

发音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/ɛˈfɛ.mə.ɹəl/, /əˈfɛ.mə.ɹəl/
  • 文檔

名词[编辑]

ephemeral (複數 ephemerals)

  1. 短暂事物转瞬即逝的事物
    近義詞: ephemeron

衍生词汇[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

ephemeral (比較級 more ephemeral最高級 most ephemeral)

  1. 转瞬即逝的,短暂的
    近義詞: temporarytransitoryfleetingevanescentmomentaryshort-livedshortvolatile;亦參見Thesaurus:ephemeral
    反義詞: permanenteternaleverlastingtimeless
    • 1821-1822, Vicesimus Knox, Remarks on the tendency of certain Clauses in a Bill now pending in Parliament to degrade Grammar Schools
      Esteem, lasting esteem, the esteem of good men, like himself, will be his reward, when the gale of ephemeral popularity shall have gradually subsided.
    • 1853, James Stephen, Lecture on the right use of Books:
      sentences not of ephemeral, but of eternal, efficacy
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1818, Mary Shelley, 章號 9, 出自 Frankenstein[1],於3 April 2012歸檔自原頁面:
      It was during an access of this kind that I suddenly left my home, and bending my steps towards the near Alpine valleys, sought in the magnificence, the eternity of such scenes, to forget myself and my ephemeral, because human, sorrows.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (生物學)存在一天的,仅存活一天的 如花朵,昆虫,疾病等
  3. (地質學, 指水体) 常年干涸但会在降雨出现
    • 1986, W.H. Raymond, "Clinoptilolite Deposit in the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, U.S.A.", in Yūichi Murakami et al. (editors), New Developments in Zeolite Science and Technology (conference proceedings), Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-444-98981-9, page 80:
      The graben constitutes a depositional basin and a topographic low, underlain by Cretaceous shales, in which volcanic debris accumulated in ephemeral lakes and streams in Oligocene and early Miocene time.

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