barista

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:Baristabarışta baristą

英語[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
維基百科 en
a barista preparing coffee

替代寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

借自意大利語 barista (調酒師, 字面意思是咖啡師),來自bar(來自英語 bar)+ -ista (……的人);對照barman

發音[编辑]

  • (義大利式) 英語發音(大約):bărisʹtă, IPA(幫助)/baˈɹi.sta/, /baˈɾi.sta/
  • (標準英音) 英語發音bărĭsʹtə, IPA(幫助)/bəˈɹiː.stə/, /bəˈɹɪ.stə/
  • 文檔
  • (通用美式) IPA(幫助)/bɚˈi.stə/, /bɚˈɪ.stə/
  • (澳大利亞) IPA(幫助)/bəˈɹɪ.stə/
  • 韻部:-ɪstə

名詞[编辑]

barista (複數 baristas baristi)

  1. 咖啡師
    • 2021 3月 10, “Stop & Examine”, 出自 RAIL, 期 926,頁號 70:
      "From behind the counter of this provincial train station coffee shop, Joanna was barista and unofficial shrink to wildly varied London-bound travellers," writes author Laline Paull. Confessions of a Barista on Platform 1 was published on February 9 by The Firle Press [...].
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

使用說明[编辑]

  • Barista在意大利語中,可以指男性和女性。對於粗略熟悉意大利語語法的人,初次接觸該詞可能會覺得很女性化,這點在作為其矯枉過正的陽性派生詞baristo的存在得到證實。

衍生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

barista (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 baristas, 現在分詞 barista-ing (罕用) baristaing, 一般過去時及過去分詞 baristaed)

  1. 進行咖啡師的工作
    • 2007, Kate Hardy [pseudonym; Pamela Brooks], In Bed with Her Italian Boss, Harlequin, →ISBN,頁號 24:
      I helped out in the business while I was at school—we all did, whether it was washing up or baristaing or clearing the tables for Dad and washing them down when the shop closed—but this one night I was meant to be working a late shift when I had a chance to play in a concert. [] Are you still OK for another half-hour lesson on baristaing, tonight? [] ‘It’s advanced baristaing—an extra,’ he admitted.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2009, Laura Schaefer, The Teashop Girls, Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers, →ISBN,頁號 220:
      Nevertheless, we’ll both be done with barista-ing soon.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2009, Jody Gehrman, Triple Shot Bettys in Love, Dial Books, →ISBN:
      We hadn’t exchanged a word since our stupid tiff at TSB—we’d just baristaed side by side in silence, which isn’t easy when your workspace is the size of a broom closet.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2011, Andrew Wear, “The Flavor of Choice: Neoliberalism and the Espresso Aesthetic”, 出自 Coffee – Philosophy for Everyone: Grounds for Debate, Wiley-Blackwell, →ISBN,頁號 163:
      If pure chance guided me to glory in the heady world of competitive barista-ing, the rewards came to be measured in frustration.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2013, K.W. Taylor, “Doomed”, 出自 Sarah Hans 編, Sidekicks!, Alliteration Ink, →ISBN,頁號 170:
      But it was crappy of me to steal instead of bartending or barista-ing or temping or something.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2015, Jo Knowles, Read Between the Lines, Candlewick Press, →ISBN,頁號 57:
      Barista Boy grins and goes back to barista-ing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2015, Kate Rorick, Rachel Kiley, The Epic Adventures of Lydia Bennet, Touchstone, →ISBN,頁號 95:
      I nodded to Mary, where she was working the frothing machine like she’d been barista-ing for much longer than a month.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2015, Richard Polt, The Typewriter Revolution: A Typist’s Companion for the 21st Century, The Countryman Press, →ISBN:
      When she’s not barista-ing, she’s writing scripts for murder mystery dinner events.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2016, Cara McKenna, 章號 19, 出自 Downtown Devil, InterMix, 出版於 2017, →ISBN:
      “How was barista-ing?” “Same as always. A few more burns, a few more tips.”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2017, Ken Davenport, How to Succeed in the Arts…Or in Anything, Davenport Theatrical Enterprises, Inc., →ISBN,頁號 44:
      Somewhere right now, behind the counter at a McDonald’s or delivering pizza for Domino’s or barista-ing at Starbucks, there may be a guy with a gaggle of fantastic ideas for screenplays, Broadway shows, computer software, or, yeah, even healthcare!
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2018, Kirsten Weiss, 章號 15, 出自 Witch: A Doyle Witch Cozy Mystery, →ISBN:
      Because I can’t fight crime every day, I spent Tuesday and Wednesday doing what I get paid for: barista-ing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2019, Arthur Smyth, Duet Quartet, Xlibris, →ISBN,頁號 34:
      Actually I hear nothing but orders, shouts of / disembodied names / disembodied people / Barista-ing, hard on the legs
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2020, Jan Gallagher, Double Latte Death, Xlibris, →ISBN:
      It’s easy—I turn out to be a sort of savant at barista-ing. [] Between customers I instruct her in the fine art of barista-ing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2020, Rowan Hisayo Buchanan, Starling Days, The Overlook Press, →ISBN:
      Along the halls, stories were muttered of graduates turned down from barista-ing, pool attending, dishwashing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2022, Sean Thor Conroe, Fuccboi, Little, Brown and Company, 出版於 2023, →ISBN:
      But after X times of harassing him, he’d caved and admitted he only got 11 pages in before bowing out. This right after I’d finished trying to walk across country. Failing to. Back home barista-ing. Renting a room out of my high school home.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2023, Kira Davis, “Critical Race Theory (Here Goes Nothin’)”, 出自 Drawing Lines: Why Conservatives Must Begin to Battle Fiercely in the Arena of Ideas, Fidelis Publishing, →ISBN:
      My first child was three by that time and I’d given up acting (okay, fine … barista-ing) to become a housewife and mother.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2023, Ian McDonald, 章號 11, 出自 Hopeland, Tor Books, →ISBN:
      Raisa is long gone baristaing to the early workers of Spitalfields by the time Amon Brightbourne wakes from white sleep.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

來源[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]

宿霧語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自英語 barista,源自意大利語 barista (調酒師, 字面意思是咖啡師),來自bar

發音[编辑]

  • 斷字:ba‧ris‧ta

名詞[编辑]

barista

  1. 咖啡師

芬蘭語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

借自意大利語 barista

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

barista

  1. 咖啡師

變格[编辑]

barista (Kotus 變格類型 9/kala,無層級變化)的變格
主格 barista baristat
屬格 baristan baristojen
部分格 baristaa baristoja
入格 baristaan baristoihin
單數 複數
主格 barista baristat
賓格 nom. barista baristat
gen. baristan
屬格 baristan baristojen
baristainrare
部分格 baristaa baristoja
內格 baristassa baristoissa
出格 baristasta baristoista
入格 baristaan baristoihin
所格 baristalla baristoilla
奪格 baristalta baristoilta
向格 baristalle baristoille
樣格 baristana baristoina
變格 baristaksi baristoiksi
具格 baristoin
缺格 baristatta baristoitta
共格 baristoineen
barista所有格形式 (變格類型 kala)
所有者 單數 複數
第一人稱 baristani baristamme
第二人稱 baristasi baristanne
第三人稱 baristansa

延伸閱讀[编辑]

意大利語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自bar +‎ -ista (-ist)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

barista m f 遵詞義 (陽性複數 baristi, 陰性複數 bariste)

  1. 酒保調酒師咖啡師

相關詞[编辑]

派生詞[编辑]

  • 英語:barista

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • barista 在Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

異序詞[编辑]

波蘭語[编辑]

barista在波蘭語維基百科上的資料

詞源[编辑]

非同化借詞,源自意大利語 barista,等同於bar +‎ -ista。首次記錄於2003年。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

barista m 個人 (陰性形式 baristka)

  1. 咖啡師

變格[编辑]

相關詞[编辑]

形容詞
名詞

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • 參見baristaWielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN 中的內容
  • 參見波蘭語詞典PWN上有關barista的內容

葡萄牙語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

barista m f 遵詞義 (複數 baristas)

  1. 咖啡師

西班牙語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

barista m f 遵詞義 (複數 baristas)

  1. 咖啡師