附录:英语不规则动词

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规则[编辑]

一般情况[编辑]

如果动词辅音字母结尾,则直接加“ed”:
If the verb ends in a consonant, add "ed":

原型 变化后
-walk walked
-climb climbed
-laugh laughed

以重读闭音节结尾时[编辑]

以重读闭音节结尾,需要双写。

原型 变化后 错误的变化
-sip sipped not: siped
-net netted not: neted
-pad padded not: paded
-mop mopped not: moped
-sup supped not: suped

以e结尾时[编辑]

如果动词以不发音的“e”结尾,仅需加上“d”:
If the verb ends in "e", just add "d":

原型 变化后
-like liked
-rate rated
-impede impeded
-telephone telephoned
-refute refuted

以y结尾时[编辑]

如果动词以“y”结尾,则将“y”改为“i”,再加上“ed”:
If the verb ends in "y", change the "y" to "i" and add "ed":

原型 变化后
-carry carried
-copy copied
-cry cried
-spy spied
-try tried

不规则变化[编辑]

一些详见的#不规则动词表
SOME COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS:

A-B-C型 a. begin - began - begun
b. do - did - done
c. eat - ate - eaten
d. sing - sang - sung
A-B-B型
a. build - built - built
b. kick - kicked - kicked
c. pay - paid - paid
d. have - had - had
A-B-A型
a. become-became-become
b. run- ran - run
c. come - came - come
A-A-A型
a. hit - hit - hit
b. cut - cut - cut
c. let - let - let
d. cost - cost - cost

不规则动词表[编辑]

不定式 过去式 过去分词 不定式 过去式 过去分词
INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE let let let
beat beat beaten lie lay lain
become became become light lit/lighted lit/lighted
begin began begun lose lost lost
bend bent bent make made made
bet bet bet mean meant meant
bid bid bid meet met met
bite bit bitten pay paid paid
bleed bled bled put put put
blow blew blown quit quit quit
break broke broken read read read
breed bred bred ride rode ridden
bring brought brought ring rang rung
broadcast broadcast broadcast rise rose risen
build built built run ran run
buy bought bought say said said
catch caught caught see saw seen
choose chose chosen seek sought sought
cling clung clung sell sold sold
come came come send sent sent
cost cost cost set set set
creep crept crept shake shook shaken
cut cut cut shine shone shone
deal dealt dealt shoot shot shot
dig dug dug show showed shown
do did done shrink shrank shrunk
draw drew drawn shut shut shut
dream dreamed dreamt sing sang sung
drink drank drunk sink sank sunk
drive drove driven sit sat sat
eat ate eaten sleep slept slept
fall fell fallen slide slid slid
feed fed fed speak spoke spoken
feel felt felt speed sped sped
fight fought fought spend spent spent
find found found spit spat spat
flee fled fled spread spread spread
fly flew flown stand stood stood
forbid forbade forbidden steal stole stolen
forget forgot forgotten stick stuck stuck
forgive forgave forgiven strike struck struck
freeze froze frozen swear swore sworn
get got gotten sweep swept swept
give gave given swim swam swum
go went gone swing swung swung
grow grew grown take took taken
hang hung hung teach taught taught
have had had tear tore torn
hear heard heard tell told told
hide hid hidden think thought thought
hit hit hit throw threw thrown
hold held held understand understood understood
hurt hurt hurt upset upset upset
keep kept kept wake woke woken
know knew known wear wore worn
lay laid laid win won won
lead led led wind wound wound
leave left left withdraw withdrew withdrawn
lend lent lent write wrote written

以下这些都是形式相同的动词,如此编排可方便记忆:

不定式 过去式 过去分词 不定式 过去式 过去分词
INFINITIVE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE show showed shown
bet bet bet swear swore sworn
bid bid bid throw threw thrown
broadcast broadcast broadcast wear wore worn
hit hit hit withdraw withdrew withdrawn
hurt hurt hurt beat beat beaten
let let let bite bit bitten
put put put choose chose chosen
quit quit quit drive drove driven
set set set eat ate eaten
shut shut shut fall fell fallen
spread spread spread forbid forbade forbidden
upset upset upset forget forgot forgotten
have had had forgive forgave forgiven
make made made freeze froze frozen
hear heard heard get got gotten
lay laid laid give gave given
pay paid paid hide hid hidden
say said said ride rode ridden
sell sold sold rise rose risen
tell told told shake shook shaken
bend bent bent speak spoke spoken
build built built steal stole stolen
creep crept crept take took taken
deal dealt dealt wake woke woken
dream dreamed dreamt write wrote written
feel felt felt bleed bled bled
keep kept kept breed bred bred
leave left left feed fed fed
lend lent lent flee fled fled
lose lost lost hold held held
mean meant meant lead led led
send sent sent speed sped sped
sleep slept slept cling clung clung
spend spent spent dig dug dug
sweep swept swept drink drank drunk
bring brought brought hang hung hung
buy bought bought ring rang rung
catch caught caught run ran run
fight fought fought shrink shrank shrunk
seek sought sought sing sang sung
teach taught taught sink sank sunk
think thought thought stick stuck stuck
blow blew blown strike struck struck
do did done swim swam swum
draw drew drawn swing swung swung
go went gone win won won
grow grew grown light lit lit
know knew known shoot shot shot
lie lay lain sit sat sat
see saw seen slide slid slid
shine shined shone spit spat spat