संस्कृत

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梵語[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

संस्कृत (saṃ-skṛtá, sáṃ-skṛta)

  1. put together(放到一起), constructed(構造的), well(良好) 或 completely formed(完全成型的), perfected(完美的) (Lalit.)
  2. made ready(做好準備的), prepared(預備的), completed(完善的), finished(完成的) (RV. etc.)
  3. dressed(加工好的), cooked(烹制好的) (作為食物) (MBh., R., BhP.)
  4. purified(純化的), consecrated(神圣的), sanctified(尊崇的), hallowed(神圣的), initiated(神秘的) (ŚBr. etc.)
  5. refined(精致的), adorned(修飾的), ornamented(裝飾的), polished(無暇的), highly elaborated (高度精細的)(特別應用於高度精妙的講話,比如雅語而非俗語) (Mn., MBh. etc.)

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名詞[编辑]

संस्कृत (saṃ-skṛtá) (

  1. 已經通過凈化儀式認可的三類人之一 (W.)
  2. 有學問的人 (MW.)
  3. 依據正確規則形成的詞,正規的派生詞(MW.)

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名詞[编辑]

संस्कृत (saṃ-skṛtá) (〈〉 )

  1. making ready(做準備), preparation(預備) 或 a prepared place(預備好的地方), sacrifice(祭品) (RV., TS., ŚBr., GṛŚrS.)
  2. a sacred usage or custom (神圣的習慣或習俗)(MW.)
  3. the Sanskrit language (梵語)(cf. 上面的介紹) (Śiksh., Bhar., Daśar. etc.)

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引用[编辑]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1120
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 326
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 877
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 571