मधु

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梵語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自原始印歐語 *médʰu mead。同源包括古希臘語 μέθυ (méthu),立陶宛語 medùs,古教會斯拉夫語 мєдъ (medŭ)(“honey,和古英語 medu (英語 mead)。

名詞[编辑]

मधु (mádhu) (〈〉)

  1. 任何甜的東西(特別是流體的), mead(蜂蜜酒)等。
  2. honey(蜂蜜)(據說擁有令人陶醉的品質并有8種)
    ओष्ठाविव मध्वास्ने वदन्ता सतनाविव पिप्यतं जीवसेनः |
    नासेव नस्तन्वो रक्षितारा कर्णाविव सुश्रुता भूतमस्मे ||
    oṣṭhāviva madhvāsne vadantā stanāviva pipyataṃ jīvasenaḥ |
    nāseva nastanvo rakṣitārā karṇāviva suśrutā bhūtamasme ||
    Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey, even as two breasts that nourish our existence,
    Like the two nostrils that protect our being, be to us as our ears that hear distinctly.
  3. milk(乳)或乳制的任何東西(比如黃油、酥油等)
  4. 花的榨汁或蜜汁, 任何甜的令人陶醉的飲料,酒或含酒精飲料
  5. sugar(糖)
  6. water(水)
  7. pyrites(硫化鐵礦)
  8. 一種韻律

變格[编辑]


变格


引用[编辑]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0779