venio

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

拉丁语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自原始意大利語 *gʷenjō,源自原始印歐語 *gʷm̥yéti,源自*gʷem-的zero-grade形式 + *‑yéti。同源词有梵語 गच्छति (gácchati)古希臘語 βαίνω (baínō)古英語 cuman英語 come)。

发音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈwe.ni.oː/, [ˈwɛ.ni.oː]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈve.ni.o/, [ˈvɛː.ni.ɔ]
  • 文檔

动词[编辑]

veniō (现在时不定式 venīre, 完成时主动式 vēnī, 目的动名词 ventum); 第四类变位, 被动式无人称

  1. (不及物)
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.91-92:
      ‘exul ab Arcadiā Latiōs Evander in agrōs
      vēnerat, impositōs attuleratque deōs.’
  2. (不及物) 接近

变位[编辑]

   veniō (第四類變位, 無人稱被動態)的變位
直陳式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 veniō venīs venit venīmus venītis veniunt
未完成過去時 veniēbam veniēbās veniēbat veniēbāmus veniēbātis veniēbant
將來時 veniam veniēs veniet veniēmus veniētis venient
完成時 vēnī vēnistī vēnit vēnimus vēnistis vēnērunt,
vēnēre
過去完成時 vēneram vēnerās vēnerat vēnerāmus vēnerātis vēnerant
將來完成時 vēnerō vēneris vēnerit vēnerimus vēneritis vēnerint
被動 現在時 venītur
未完成過去時 veniēbātur
將來時 veniētur
完成時 ventum est
過去完成時 ventum erat
將來完成時 ventum erit
虛擬式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 veniam veniās veniat veniāmus veniātis veniant
未完成過去時 venīrem venīrēs venīret venīrēmus venīrētis venīrent
完成時 vēnerim vēnerīs vēnerit vēnerīmus vēnerītis vēnerint
過去完成時 vēnissem vēnissēs vēnisset vēnissēmus vēnissētis vēnissent
被動 現在時 veniātur
未完成過去時 venīrētur
完成時 ventum sit
過去完成時 ventum esset,
ventum foret
命令式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 venī venīte
將來時 venītō venītō venītōte veniuntō
非定形 主動 被動
現在時 完成時 將來時 現在時 完成時 將來時
不定式 venīre vēnisse ventūrum esse venīrī ventum esse
分詞 veniēns ventūrus ventum veniendum,
veniundum
動詞性名詞 動名詞 目的分詞
屬格 與格 賓格 奪格 賓格 奪格
veniendī veniendō veniendum veniendō ventum ventū

衍生词汇[编辑]

相关词汇[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 巴尔干罗曼语:
    • 阿羅馬尼亞語:vin
    • 羅馬尼亞語:veni
  • 达尔马提亚语:
  • 意大利-罗曼语支
  • 北意大利语支:
  • 高卢-罗曼语支:
  • 伊比利亚罗曼语支:
  • 海岛罗曼语支:
  • 古借词:
    • → 古阿爾巴尼亞語:vinjvenj (现在时形式)
      • 阿爾巴尼亞語:vij
  • 后来借词:

参考资料[编辑]

  • venio in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • venio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • venio在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (拉丁語-法語詳解詞典), Hachette中的內容
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • something comes into my mind: mihi in mentem venit alicuius rei
    • to pass from myth to history: ut a fabulis ad facta veniamus
    • the question has been settled: quaestio ad exitum venit
    • to make a thing a matter of conscience, be scrupulous about a thing: aliquid in religionem alicui venit
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • an interregnum ensues: res ad interregnum venit or adducitur
    • matters have reached the fighting-stage: res ad arma venit
    • the fighting is now at close quarters: res ad manus venit
    • (模糊)to come to Rome: Romam venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to go to meet some one: obviam venire alicui
    • (模糊)to come into some one's hands: in alicuius manus venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to come in sight: venire in conspectum alicuius
    • (模糊)to come to assist any one: auxilio alicui venire
    • (模糊)to gain a person's esteem, friendship: in gratiam alicuius venire
    • (模糊)to suffer reproof; to be criticised, blamed: in vituperationem, reprehensionem cadere, incidere, venire
    • (模糊)to be a subject for gossip: in sermonem hominum venire
    • (模糊)to become famous, distinguish oneself: gloriam colligere, in summam gloriam venire
    • (模糊)to become doubtful: in dubium venire
    • (模糊)to make a person forget a thing: aliquem in oblivionem alicuius rei adducere (pass. in oblivionem venire)
    • (模糊)to be contested, become the subject of debate: in controversiam vocari, adduci, venire (De Or. 2. 72. 291)
    • (模糊)to come before the tribunal of the critics: in existimantium arbitrium venire (Brut. 24. 92)
    • (模糊)to pass into a proverb: in proverbii consuetudinem or simply in proverbium venire
    • (模糊)to become frightened: in timorem venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to conceive a hope: in spem venire, ingredi, adduci
    • (模糊)to pardon some one: alicui veniam dare (alicuius rei)
    • (模糊)to be suspected by some one: in suspicionem alicui venire
    • (模糊)to incur a person's hatred: in odium, in invidiam venire alicui
    • (模糊)to come into the possession of something: in possessionem alicuius rei venire
    • (模糊)to obtain an audience of some one: in congressum alicuius venire
    • (模糊)to become customary, the fashion: in consuetudinem or morem venire
    • (模糊)to strive to gain popular favour by certain means: ventum popularem quendam (in aliqua re) quaerere
    • (模糊)to appear in court: in iudicium venire, in iudicio adesse
    • (模糊)to pardon a person: veniam dare alicui
    • (模糊)to come within javelin-range: ad teli coniectum venire (Liv. 2. 31)
    • (模糊)to reduce a country to subjection to oneself: populum in deditionem venire cogere
    • (模糊)to make one's submission to some one: in deditionem venire (without alicui)
    • (模糊)the ships sail out on a fair wind: ventum (tempestatem) nancti idoneum ex portu exeunt

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • venio in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • something comes into my mind: mihi in mentem venit alicuius rei
    • to pass from myth to history: ut a fabulis ad facta veniamus
    • the question has been settled: quaestio ad exitum venit
    • to make a thing a matter of conscience, be scrupulous about a thing: aliquid in religionem alicui venit
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • an interregnum ensues: res ad interregnum venit or adducitur
    • matters have reached the fighting-stage: res ad arma venit
    • the fighting is now at close quarters: res ad manus venit
    • (模糊)to come to Rome: Romam venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to go to meet some one: obviam venire alicui
    • (模糊)to come into some one's hands: in alicuius manus venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to come in sight: venire in conspectum alicuius
    • (模糊)to come to assist any one: auxilio alicui venire
    • (模糊)to gain a person's esteem, friendship: in gratiam alicuius venire
    • (模糊)to suffer reproof; to be criticised, blamed: in vituperationem, reprehensionem cadere, incidere, venire
    • (模糊)to be a subject for gossip: in sermonem hominum venire
    • (模糊)to become famous, distinguish oneself: gloriam colligere, in summam gloriam venire
    • (模糊)to become doubtful: in dubium venire
    • (模糊)to make a person forget a thing: aliquem in oblivionem alicuius rei adducere (pass. in oblivionem venire)
    • (模糊)to be contested, become the subject of debate: in controversiam vocari, adduci, venire (De Or. 2. 72. 291)
    • (模糊)to come before the tribunal of the critics: in existimantium arbitrium venire (Brut. 24. 92)
    • (模糊)to pass into a proverb: in proverbii consuetudinem or simply in proverbium venire
    • (模糊)to become frightened: in timorem venire, pervenire
    • (模糊)to conceive a hope: in spem venire, ingredi, adduci
    • (模糊)to pardon some one: alicui veniam dare (alicuius rei)
    • (模糊)to be suspected by some one: in suspicionem alicui venire
    • (模糊)to incur a person's hatred: in odium, in invidiam venire alicui
    • (模糊)to come into the possession of something: in possessionem alicuius rei venire
    • (模糊)to obtain an audience of some one: in congressum alicuius venire
    • (模糊)to become customary, the fashion: in consuetudinem or morem venire
    • (模糊)to strive to gain popular favour by certain means: ventum popularem quendam (in aliqua re) quaerere
    • (模糊)to appear in court: in iudicium venire, in iudicio adesse
    • (模糊)to pardon a person: veniam dare alicui
    • (模糊)to come within javelin-range: ad teli coniectum venire (Liv. 2. 31)
    • (模糊)to reduce a country to subjection to oneself: populum in deditionem venire cogere
    • (模糊)to make one's submission to some one: in deditionem venire (without alicui)
    • (模糊)the ships sail out on a fair wind: ventum (tempestatem) nancti idoneum ex portu exeunt