typhoon

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英语[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:
Typhoon Hagupit (2014)
A typhoon

词源[编辑]

一般认为最终源自漢語族 大風大风官話 dàfēng粵語 daai6 fung1)。

最早1588年出现在英语内[1],可能经由葡萄牙語 tufão(至少可考于1560年)[2]源自阿拉伯語 طُوفَان(ṭūfān)(对比波斯語 طوفان(tufân)印地語 तूफ़ान (tūfān))。[3][4][5]

英语内,其词形受到了古希臘語 Τυφῶν (Tuphôn, 堤丰,象征风暴的妖魔巨人)一词的影响。[6](一些文献认为其起源于希腊语,经由阿拉伯语引入汉语,再回到欧洲,[3]但显然不现实)

发音[编辑]

  • (正统英式(RP)) IPA(幫助)/taɪˈfuːn/
  • (通用美式) 英語發音tīfo͞onʹIPA(幫助)/taɪˈfun/
  • 文檔
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-uːn

名词[编辑]

typhoon(複數 typhoons

  1. 颱風

衍生词汇[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 俄語: тайфу́н (tajfún)
  • 土耳其語: tayfun

动词[编辑]

typhoon(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 typhoons,現在分詞 typhooning,一般過去時及過去分詞 typhooned

  1. (不及物)台风一样旋转

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. Thomas Hickock's translation of The voyage and trauell of M. Caesar Fredericke, Marchant of Venice, into the East India, and beyond the Indies: "concerning which Touffon ye are to vnderstand, that in the East Indies often times, there are not stormes as in other countreys; but euery 10. or 12. yeeres there are such tempests and stormes, that it is a thing incredible, but to those that haue seene it, neither do they know certainly what yeere they wil come." (“typhoon” in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001)
  2. Frederick Hirth, The word "Typhoon," its history and origin, in The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society (1880),本文讨论了大致发音相似的该词的出现及其在汉语、阿拉伯语、波斯语、印地语和希腊语中的汉语(但不确定其派生自何语言),且记载了其出现在早期葡萄牙语内。
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Arabic Contributions to the English Language: An Historical Dictionary by Garland Hampton Cannon and Alan S. Kaye considers typhoon "a special case, transmitted by Cantonese, from Arabic, but ultimately deriving from Greek. [...] The Chinese applied the [Greek] concept to a rather different wind [...]"
  4. Andrew Delahunty, From Bonbon to Cha-cha: Oxford Dictionary of Foreign Words and Phrases
  5. Tai Whan Kim, The Portuguese Element in Japanese: A Critical Survey (1976): several points suggest that the Portuguese word came from the Arabic, not from Chinese tai-fung ...
  6. Template:R:Corriente:2008