throng

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:þrǫng

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古英語 throngthrang,源自古英語 þrangġeþrang (挤压,人群,吵嚷),源自原始日耳曼語 *þrangwą*þrangwō (人群),源自*þrangwaz (挤压),源自原始印歐語 *trenkʷ- (殴打,击打;砍劈;按压)。与荷蘭語 drang德語 Drang同源。亦对比德語 Gedränge (人群)

发音[编辑]

  • (英國) 英語發音thrŏngIPA(幫助)/θɹɒŋ/
  • (美國) 英語發音thrông, thrŏngIPA(幫助)/θɹɔŋ/, /θɹɑŋ/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-ɒŋ

名词[编辑]

throng (複數 throngs)

  1. 人群
    近義詞: crowdmultitude
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 4”, 出自 Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; 再版為 Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      Not to know me argues yourselves unknown,
      The lowest of your throng.
      不认得我证明你们自己不出名,
      你们的群体地位最低。
    • 1885, Gilbert and Sullivan, “Act 1”, 出自 The Mikado:
      Perhaps you suppose this throng / Can't keep it up all day long?
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, 章號 2, 出自 The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[1]:
      Miss Phyllis Morgan, as the hapless heroine dressed in the shabbiest of clothes, appears in the midst of a gay and giddy throng; she apostrophises all and sundry there, including the villain, and has a magnificent scene which always brings down the house, and nightly adds to her histrionic laurels.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1939, en:Ammianus Marcellinus, John Carew Rolfe, Ammianus Marcellinus, Volume 1, Harvard University Press, page 463:
      Here, mingled with the Persians, who were rushing to the higher ground with the same effort as ourselves, we remained motionless until sunrise of the next day, so crowded together that the bodies of the slain, held upright by the throng, could nowhere find room to fall, and that in front of me a soldier with his head cut in two, and split into equal halves by a powerful sword stroke, was so pressed on all sides that he stood erect like a stump.
    • 2019 5月 12, Lorenzo Tondo, “I have seen the tragedy of Mediterranean migrants. This ‘art’ makes me feel uneasy”, 出自 The Guardian[2]:
      I imagine throngs of people – well-dressed, sipping spritzes – in front of a boat that, to me, is a coffin which held 700 people.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 一群,一大群

动词[编辑]

throng (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 throngs, 現在分詞 thronging, 一般過去時及過去分詞 thronged)

  1. (及物) 蜂拥而至挤满
    • 1935, George Goodchild, 章號 5, 出自 Death on the Centre Court:
      By one o'clock the place was choc-a-bloc. [] The restaurant was packed, and the promenade between the two main courts and the subsidiary courts was thronged with healthy-looking youngish people, drawn to the Mecca of tennis from all parts of the country.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物) 聚集
    • 大約1608 William Shakespeare, Coriolanus, Act II scene i[3]:
      [] I have seen the dumb men throng to see him and / The blind to bear him speak: []
      [] 我看见聋子围拢来瞧他,瞎子围拢去听他讲话; []
  3. (及物) 拥挤在...周围

相关词汇[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

throng (比較級 more throng, 最高級 most throng)

  1. (英国北部, 苏格兰, 方言) 拥挤的,水泄不通
  2. (英国北部, 苏格兰, 方言) 繁忙的;匆忙
    • 1903, Samuel Butler, The Way of All Flesh, ch 59:
      Mr Shaw was very civil; he said he was rather throng just now, but if Ernest did not mind the sound of hammering he should be very glad of a talk with him.