servitude

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英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古法語 servitude,源自拉丁語 servitūs,源自拉丁語 servus (奴隶)

发音[编辑]

  • (英國) IPA(幫助)/ˈsɜːvɪtʃuːd/, /-tjuːd/
  • 文檔
  • (美國) IPA(幫助)/ˈsɝvɪtud/

名词[编辑]

servitude可數 & 不可數,複數 servitudes

  1. 奴役;任人差遣
    to place in the servitude of somebody
    使...成为某人的奴隶
    • 1913, Elizabeth Kimball Kendall, A Wayfarer in China
      In spite of the importance of this route it remained until a few years ago very insecure. Overhung almost its entire length by the inaccessible fastnesses of Lololand, the passing caravans dared journey only with convoy, and even then were frequently overwhelmed by raiders from the hills, who carried off both trader and goods into the mountains, the former to lifelong servitude.
    • 1986,Piotr Buczkowski; Andrzej Klawiter編, Theories of Ideology and Ideology of Theories[1],Rodopi, →ISBN, ISSN 0303-8157, 頁號57:
      The Enlightment worldview, which considered the order of "Nature" as a basis and, at the same time, the subject of explorations of scientific natural sciences, has, at the same time, considered this order as a criterion of the artistically-aesthetic qualities of art. From an "ideological" point of view, it liberated art from its feudal religious and courtly servitude.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (法律) 地役权等独立于拥有权的权利
  3. (過時) 兵役
  4. (棄用, 集体名词) (全体)佣人
  5. (古舊) 端上呈上(食物)
    • 1857, Journal of Australasia (volume 2, page 38)
      The usual routine of confections and pastry follows, after which a galore of fruits of all kinds, with a chassè of excellent Mocha, the immediate servitude of which, after good dining, is, I think, universally acknowledged to be a great exhiliration[sic]

参见[编辑]

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg servitude在英語維基百科上的資料。維基百科 en
  • serfdom

异序词[编辑]


法语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

借自晚期拉丁語 servitūdō,源自拉丁語 servus

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

servitude f(複數 servitudes

  1. 奴役

相关词汇[编辑]

参见[编辑]

延伸阅读[编辑]


葡萄牙语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 servitus, servitutem,可能是借词。

名词[编辑]

servitude f (复数 servitudes)

  1. 奴役;任人差遣
    近義詞: servidão

相关词汇[编辑]