navis

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拉丁語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

nāvis birēmis(雙層槳座戰艦)

源自原始印歐語 *néh₂us,與古希臘語 ναῦς (naûs, ), 波斯語 ناو(nâv), 梵語 नौ (nau, )同源。

其他寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈnaː.wis/, [ˈnaː.wɪs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈna.vis/, [ˈnaː.vis]
  • 文檔

名詞[编辑]

nāvis f(属格 nāvis); 第三类变格

  1. ,大船
  2. 教堂正廳
變格[编辑]

第三類變格名詞(i-詞幹,accusative singular in -em or -im,ablative singular in -e or )。

單數 複數
主格 nāvis nāvēs
屬格 nāvis nāvium
與格 nāvī nāvibus
賓格 nāvem
nāvim
nāvēs
nāvīs
奪格 nāve
nāvī
nāvibus
呼格 nāvis nāvēs
派生詞[编辑]
相關詞彙[编辑]
派生語彙[编辑]
  • 阿羅馬尼亞語: nai
  • 阿斯圖里亞斯語: nave
  • 加泰羅尼亞語: nau
  • 法語: nef
  • 弗留利語: nâf, nâv
  • 加利西亞語: nave
  • 伊多語: navo
  • 意大利語: nave
  • 奧克語: nau
  • 古法語: nef, naf, nau
    • 中古法語: nef, nau (巴黎)
    • 諾曼語: nef
    • Poitevin-Saintongeais: nau
  • 皮埃蒙特語: nav
  • 葡萄牙語: nave, nau
  • 羅馬尼亞語: naie, navă
  • 羅曼什語: nav, nev
  • 撒丁語: nae, nai, nave, navi
  • 西西里語: navi
  • 西班牙語: nave, nao(通過加泰羅尼亞語)
  • 威尼斯語: nave

詞源2[编辑]

nāvus (活躍的,勤奮的)的變格形。

發音[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

nāvīs

  1. nāvus與格陽性複數
  2. nāvus與格陰性複數
  3. nāvus與格中性複數
  4. nāvus奪格陽性複數
  5. nāvus奪格陰性複數
  6. nāvus奪格中性複數

參考資料[编辑]

  • navis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • navis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • navis在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • navis在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (拉丁語-法語詳解詞典), Hachette中的內容
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have a powerful navy: navibus plurimum posse
    • much damage was done by this collision: ex eo navium concursu magnum incommodum est acceptum
    • (模糊)a cutter: navis actuaria
    • (模糊)a man-of-war: navis longa
    • (模糊)a transport or cargo-boat: navis oneraria
    • (模糊)a merchantman: navis mercatoria
    • (模糊)to build a ship, a fleet: navem, classem aedificare, facere, efficere, instituere
    • (模糊)to equip a boat, a fleet: navem (classem) armare, ornare, instruere
    • (模糊)to launch a boat: navem deducere (vid. sect. XII. 1, note Notice too...)
    • (模糊)to haul up a boat: navem subducere (in aridum)
    • (模糊)to repair a boat: navem reficere
    • (模糊)to embark: navem conscendere, ascendere
    • (模糊)to embark an army: exercitum in naves imponere (Liv. 22. 19)
    • (模糊)ships of last year: naves annotinae
    • (模糊)to weigh anchor, sail: navem (naves) solvere
    • (模糊)the ships sail from the harbour: naves ex portu solvunt
    • (模糊)to row: navem remis agere or propellere
    • (模糊)to row hard: navem remis concitare, incitare
    • (模糊)to back water: navem retro inhibere (Att. 13. 21)
    • (模糊)the ship strikes on the rocks: navis ad scopulos alliditur (B. C. 3. 27)
    • (模糊)to land (of people): appellere navem (ad terram, litus)
    • (模糊)to make fast boats to anchors: naves ad ancoras deligare (B. G. 4. 29)
    • (模糊)to make fast boats to anchors: naves (classem) constituere (in alto)
    • (模糊)to land, disembark: exire ex, de navi
    • (模糊)the admiral's ship; the flagship: navis praetoria (Liv. 21. 49)
    • (模糊)to clear for action: navem expedire
    • (模糊)to charge, ram a boat: navem rostro percutere
    • (模糊)to board and capture a boat: navem expugnare
    • (模糊)to sink a ship, a fleet: navem, classem deprimere, mergere
    • (模糊)to throw grappling irons on board; to board: copulas, manus ferreas (in navem) inicere
    • (模糊)to throw grappling irons on board; to board: in navem (hostium) transcendere
    • (模糊)to capture a boat: navem capere, intercipere, deprehendere
  • navis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Template:R:Smith's Antiquities