frolic

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英语[编辑]

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词源[编辑]

源自荷蘭語 vrolijk (欢喜的),源自中古荷蘭語 vrolijc,源自古荷蘭語 frōlīk,源自原始日耳曼語 *frawalīkaz。对比德語 fröhlich (开心的,快乐的)

前一个元素,最终源自原始日耳曼語 *frawaz并与中古英語 frow (匆忙的)同源;之后的元素,最终源自*-līkaz并与-ly-like同源。

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frolic (比較級 more frolic最高級 most frolic)

  1. (現已罕用) 开心的,欢快的,欢腾的,闹腾(自16世纪30年代)
    • 1645, John Milton, “L’Allegro” in Poems, London: Humphrey Moseley, p. 31,[1]
      The frolick wind that breathes the Spring,
      Zephyr with Aurora playing,
      As he met her once a Maying
      There on Beds of Violets blew,
    • 1682, Edmund Waller, “Of Love” in Poems, &c. written upon several occasions, and to several persons, London: H. Herringman, 5th edition, 1686, p. 73,[2]
      For women, born to be controul’d,
      Stoop to the forward and the bold,
      Affect the haughty and the proud,
      The gay, the frollick, and the loud.
    • 1766, Joseph Addison, The Spectator - Volume 5 - Page 304:
      You meet him at the tables and conversations of the wise, the impertinent, the grave, the frolic, and the witty; [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew:
      Beale, under this frolic menace, took nothing back at all; he was indeed apparently on the point of repeating his extravagence, but Miss Overmore instructed her little charge that she was not to listen to his bad jokes [...].
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (棄用, 罕用) 慷慨的,大方

动词[编辑]

frolic (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 frolics,現在分詞 frolicking,一般過去時及過去分詞 frolicked)

  1. (不及物) 欢跃欢闹嬉戏 (自16世纪80年代)
    We saw the lambs frolicking in the meadow.
    我们看到羔羊在草地上嬉戏
  2. (及物, 古舊) 使...欢快

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frolic (複數 frolics)

  1. 快乐愉悦 (自17世纪10年代)
    • 1832-1888, Louisa May Alcott
      the annual jubilee [] filled the souls of old and young with visions of splendour, frolic and fun.
    • 2012 (original 1860), Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Marble Faun - Page 276:
      By the old-fashioned magnificence of this procession, it might worthily have included his Holiness in person, with a suite of attendant Cardinals, if those sacred dignitaries would kindly have lent their aid to heighten the frolic of the Carnival.
  2. 欢闹举动
  3. (棄用, 主要用於美國) 聚会
    • 1820, Washington Irving, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow:
      He came clattering up to the school door with an invitation to Ichabod to attend a merry-making or “quilting frolic,” to be held that evening at Mynheer Van Tassel’s
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

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