domus

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

借自拉丁語 domus。參見dome

名詞[编辑]

domus

  1. 農舍及居住在裡的人,所養的動植物(一體)
    • 2017, James C Scott, chapter 2, in Against the Grain, New Haven and London: Yale University, →ISBN, page 73:
      The domus was a unique and unprecedented concentration of tilled fields, seed and graain stores, people, and domestic animals, all coevolving with consequences no one could possibly have foreseen.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 劍橋/牛津大學的學院

異序詞[编辑]


拉丁語[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:

詞源[编辑]

源自原始意大利語 *domos ← 原始印歐語 *dṓm (房屋,家),源自詞根*dem- (建造)。與古希臘語 δόμος (dómos), 阿爾巴尼亞語 dhomë (房間), 阿維斯陀語 𐬨𐬀𐬛 (mad) 梵語 दम (dama), 原始斯拉夫語 *domъ等同源。參見同詞根的古英語 timber (建設);現代英語 timber

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈdo.mus/, [ˈd̪ɔ.mʊs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈdo.mus/, [ˈd̪ɔː.mus]

名詞[编辑]

domus f(不规则,多种变格,属格 domūs domī); 第四类变格, 第二类变格

  1. 房屋
    近義詞: aedēscasadomiciliumhabitātiōmānsiōsēdēstēctum
    上位詞:aedificiumcōnstructiō
    下位詞:domunculatugurium
  2. 住所建築
    近義詞: aedificiumcōnstructiō
  3. 出身地
  4. 氏族種族
  5. (方位格,短語中) 和平
    Bellī domīque.
    戰爭與和平中。

使用注意[编辑]

  • domus有方位格(參見同樣有的rushumus)。變格類型是第二/第四混合形變格,第二形一般用於地點。

變格[编辑]

第四類/第二類名詞,有方位格。

單數 複數
主格 domus domūs
屬格 domūs
domī
domuum
domōrum
與格 domuī
domō
domū
domibus
賓格 domum domūs
domōs
奪格 domū
domō
domibus
呼格 domus domūs
方位格 domī domibus
  • 晚期拉丁語中的常用變格形如下:
domus, domus, domui, domum, domo — domus, domorum, domibus, domos, domibus.

派生詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 意大利語: duomo
  • 皮埃蒙特語: dòm/dom
  • 撒丁語: domu, dommu
  • 西西里語: domu
  • 瑞典語: dom

參見[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  • domus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • domus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • domus在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • domus在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a comfortably-furnished house: domus necessariis rebus instructa
    • the house threatens to fall in (vid. sect. X. 5, note 'Threaten'...): domus ruina impendet
    • the house threatens to fall in (vid. sect. X. 5, note 'Threaten'...): domus collapsura, corruitura (esse) videtur
    • the house suddenly fell in ruins: domus subita ruina collapsa est
    • to demolish, raze a house: domum demoliri (Top. 4. 22)
    • the house is not large enough for all: domus non omnes capit (χωρειν)
    • to be a regular visitor at a house: domum frequentare (Sall. Cat. 14. 7)
    • the house walls are beginning to crack: domus rimas agit
    • (模糊)to welcome to one's house (opp. to shut one's door against some one): tecto, (in) domum suam aliquem recipere (opp. prohibere aliquem tecto, domo)
    • to welcome a man as a guest in one's house: hospitio aliquem accipere or excipere (domum ad se)
    • I am always welcome at his house: domus patet, aperta est mihi
    • (模糊)to invite some one to one's house: invitare aliquem tecto ac domo or domum suam (Liv. 3. 14. 5)
    • to give, undertake a contract for building a house: domum aedificandam locare, conducere
    • (模糊)to rush out of the house: se proripere ex domo
    • (模糊)I felt quite at home in his house: apud eum sic fui tamquam domi meae (Fam. 13. 69)
    • (模糊)to welcome to one's house (opp. to shut one's door against some one): tecto, (in) domum suam aliquem recipere (opp. prohibere aliquem tecto, domo)
    • (模糊)to never set foot out of doors: domo pedem non efferre
    • (模糊)to never appear in public: domi se tenere
    • (模糊)to escort a person from his house: deducere aliquem de domo
    • (模糊)at home; in one's native country: domi (opp. foris)
    • (模糊)to turn a person out of his house, his property: expellere aliquem domo, possessionibus pellere
    • (模糊)to live in some one's house: habitare in domo alicuius, apud aliquem (Acad. 2. 36. 115)
    • (模糊)to emigrate: domo emigrare (B. G. 1. 31)
    • (模糊)homeless: domo profugus (Liv. 1. 1)
    • (模糊)to invite some one to one's house: invitare aliquem tecto ac domo or domum suam (Liv. 3. 14. 5)
  • domus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Template:R:Smith's Antiquities

異序詞[编辑]


沃拉普克語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

domus

  1. dom的表語複數