connive

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英语[编辑]

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源自法語 conniver (默许而成为共犯)或直接源自其词源拉丁語 connīvērecōnīvēreconnīveōcōnīveō (闭眼,眯眼,使眼色;忽视,不管)(可能和两个一起私下阴谋做某事的人相互使眼色有关)的复数第三人称主动完成时直陈式,[1]源自con- (表示使几个物体在一起的后缀) + *nīvēre(与nictō (眨眼,使眼色)有关,源自原始印歐語 *kneygʷʰ- (弯,垂))。[2]

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connive(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 connives,現在分詞 conniving,一般過去時及過去分詞 connived

  1. (不及物) 私下共谋,私下阴谋[自17世纪中叶]
    • Template:RQ:Browning Poems
    • 1876年6月24日,“The Law of Libel”,出自 The Japan Mail. A Fortnightly Summary of Intelligence from Japan, for Transmission to Europe and the United States, via Suez and San Francisco,卷號VII,期號13,Yokohama:[H. Collins], OCLC 42521218, 頁號358:
      This very Law of Libel provides that "if any one connives with a guilty man and alleges him to be innocent, he renders himself liable to punishment."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
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    • 2001Laurence Leamer,“Aristocratic Instincts”,出自 The Kennedy Men: 1901–1963: The Laws of the Father,1st Perennial edition,New York, N.Y.:Perennial, HarperCollins Publishers,出版年份2002, →ISBN, book 2, 頁號33:
      While some of Joe [Kennedy]'s classmates had connived to get into battle, joining the French Foreign Legion or the Canadian forces, Joe connived to get out.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物, 植物學, 罕用, 指植物的一些部分) 会接
    • 1875John Smith,“118.—Nephrolepis, Schott. (1834).: Hook Sp. Fil.”,出自 Historia Filicum; an Exposition on the Nature, Number, and Organography of Ferns, [],London:Macmillan & Co., OCLC 938394481, part 2 (General Arrangement and Characteristics of Tribes and Genera, []), 頁號227:
      This species [...] differs from other species of this genus in the upper pinnæ being contracted, which are sinuously lobed, each lacinæ and lobe bearing a sorus, furnished with a nearly orbicular indusium, the free exterior margin of which connives with the margin of the lobe, [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (不及物, 棄用, 常跟at) 假称不知道默许纵容
    同義詞: (罕用) dissimulatelook the other wayshut one's eyesturn a blind eyewink
    • 1659Jeremy TaylorDuctor Dubitantium,2nd edition,London:Printed by Roger Norton, for Richard Royston, [],出版年份1671, OCLC 435782155, Question V. Whether is to be Obeyed, the Prince or the Bishop, if They Happen to Command Contrary Things?, 頁號571:
      For ſince the affairs of the world have in them the varieties and perplexities beſides, it happens that in ſome caſes men know not how to govern by the ſtricteſt meaſures of religion, becauſe all men will not do their duty upon that account; and therefore laws are not made [...] with exact and pureſt meaſures, but in compliance and by neceſſity, not always as well as they ſhould, but as well as they may: and therefore the Civil power is forc'd ſometimes to connive at what it does not approve.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1695Richard Baxter,“The Revelation of St. John the Divine, chapter 2, verse 14”,出自 A Paraphrase on the New Testament, with Notes, Doctrinal and Practical. [],2nd corrected edition,London:Printed for T. Parkhurst, []; S. Spring, []; J. Taylor, [], and J. Wyat, [], OCLC 1011883210, column 1:
      Though all this Good be found in thee, I an offended that thou ſo conniveſt at the Hereſie of the falſe Teachers, as to permit ſome of them in your Communion, [...]
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1711,Thomas Rawbone,“The Efficient Cause of Our Sanctification [marginal note]”,出自 The Path to Liberty: Or, The Method of Man’s Redemption by Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. In Two Parts. [],London:Printed for W[illiam] Taylor, [], OCLC 1102985002, part II, 頁號115:
      Nor can we reaſonably think, that Chriſt ſo waſhed us from our Sins in his own Blood, that we might wallow more ſecurely in them; or that he freeth us from the Guilt and Puniſhment, and conniveth at the Filth and Practice of them.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1783年12月1日,Edmund Burke,“Debate in the Commons on the Motion for Going into a Committee on Mr. [Charles James] Fox’s India Bill”,出自[William Cobbett]編, The Parliamentary History of England,源自the Earliest Period to the Year 1803. [],卷號XXIII,London:Printed by T[homas] C[urson] Hansard, [] for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown; [et al.],出版年份1814, OCLC 20121995, column 1375:
      That the evils in India have solely arisen from the court of proprietors is grossly false. In many of these, the directors were heartily concurring; in most of them, they were encouraging, and sometimes commanding; in all they were conniving.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
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  4. (不及物, 棄用) 快速眨眼使眼色

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参考资料[编辑]

  1. connive” in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001
  2. connive, v.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1891; “connive, v.”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

拉丁语[编辑]

动词[编辑]

connīvē

  1. connīveō第二人稱單數現在時主動態命令式