coast

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:Coast

英语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

  • (標準英音) 英語發音kōstIPA(幫助)/kəʊst/
  • (通用美式) 英語發音kōstIPA(幫助)/koʊst/
  • 文檔
  • 韻部:-əʊst

词源 1[编辑]

源自中古英語 coste (肋骨;身体的一边;建筑物的一边;立体图形的面;海岸;海湾;海洋;凹;界限;土地;国家;地区;地方,地点;天的分区;方位;方向;用来表示方向的地点) [以及其他形式][1]源自古法語 coste (肋;侧;海岸)(现代法語 côte (肋骨;海岸;山丘)),源自拉丁語 costa (肋骨;边)[2]源自原始印歐語 *kost-

名词[编辑]

coast (複數 coasts)

  1. [自14世纪]
    The rocky coast of Maine has few beaches.
    缅因州到处都是石头的岸边少有沙滩。
  2. (棄用) 边缘 [15-18世纪]
    • 1730, Isaac Newton, Opticks, 4th ed., London: [] William Innys [], page 331:
      And the Coaſt towards which the lines KL and VX are drawn, may be call’d the Coaſt of unuſual Refraction.
  3. (棄用) 地区区划 [14-17世纪]
    • Template:RQ:Tyndale Bible
    • 1624,Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], chapter II,出自 The Anatomy of Melancholy: [],2nd edition,Oxford, Oxfordshire:Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970, partition ii, section 3:
      P. Crescentius, in his lib. 1 de agric. cap. 5, is very copious in this subject, how a house should be wholesomely sited, in a good coast, good air, wind, etc.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. (棄用) 空中的区域 [14-17世纪]
上义词[编辑]
下义词[编辑]
衍生词汇[编辑]
相关词汇[编辑]

词源 2[编辑]

源自中古英語 costeien (在一个边界上移动;沿着...走;陪同;穿越,穿过;邻接于) [以及其他形式][3]源自盎格魯-諾曼語 [具體何詞?]古法語 costoier (靠在,与...邻接) [](现代法語 côtoyer (划过,经过;擦肩)),源自拉丁語 costicāre,源自拉丁語 costa (肋骨;边),还见词源 1[4]

动词[编辑]

coast (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 coasts,現在分詞 coasting,一般過去時及過去分詞 coasted)

  1. (不及物) (指车等不依靠引擎动力)滑行
    When I ran out of gas, fortunately I managed to coast into a nearby gas station.
    我没油了,还好我想办法把车到了附近的一家加油站。
    • 1947 January and February,O. S. Nock,“"The Aberdonian" in Wartime”,出自 Railway Magazine, 頁號7:
      We steamed easily across the first part of the Tay Bridge, and then after passing over the long spans in mid-stream we coasted smoothly down the 1 in 114 gradient, and around the sweeping curve through Esplanade Station.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2020年9月23日,“Network News: AWC employs coasting to minimise disruption”,出自 Rail, 頁號26:
      Avanti West Coast has introduced the use of coasting with its Pendolino fleet, in an effort to keep disruption during overhead line equipment failures to a minimum. [...] The Class 390s coasted for three miles without power between Harrow & Wealdstone and Wembley Central, running under damaged OLE.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物, 航海) 沿岸航行
  3. (不及物)出力,不费力,不花心思
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, "Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," guardian.co.uk
      Yet the truth is that City would probably have been coasting by that point if the referee, Michael Oliver, had not turned down three separate penalties, at least two of which could be accurately described as certainties.
  4. (不及物, 棄用) 接近靠近
  5. (及物, 棄用) 沿着...的海岸线移动
  6. (及物, 棄用) 引导...沿着岸移动
  7. (美國, 方言) 向坡下滑行;用雪橇滑行

参考资料[编辑]

  1. cō̆ste, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. coast, n.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “coast, n.”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  3. cō̆steien, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  4. coast, v.”, OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2021; “coast, v.”, Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

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