cattus

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拉丁語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

傳統上認為源自亞非語系語言。[1] 可能和家貓一起借入日耳曼、斯拉夫語言,但拉丁語詞也可能派生自原始日耳曼語 *kattuz。參見cat

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈkat.tus/, [ˈkat̪.t̪ʊs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈkat.tus/, [ˈkat̪.t̪us]
  • 文檔

名詞[编辑]

cattus m(属格 cattī); 第二类变格

    • 1558, Martin Luther, Theologiae Martini Lutheri Trimembris Epitome, De Tertio Statu Hominis:
      Affirmant quod quanto sceleratior es, tanto citius Deus gratiam infundit: si autem adornes te, ut cattus bonis operibus, ut te Deus acceptet, nihil efficias.
      They assert that the more a miscreant you are, the sooner God showers grace upon you: if, however, you should adorn yourself, like a cat, with good works, so that God accepts you, you shall bring about nothing.
    • 1656, Guillaume Pepin, Conciones Mysticae et Morales in Septem Psalmos Poenitentiales, p. 38:
      [...] illa accepit bovem & cattum, et utrumque duxit ad forum. Cumque quiddam venisset qui bovem emere veller. Illa respondit. Nullus habebit bovem, nisi etiam emat & cattum. Cumque ille dixisset non velle emere cattum, abiit. Et statim venit alius & interrogat quanti pretii utrumque foret. Illa dixit se velle vendere cattum pro una marcha argentari, sed bovem pro denario, & sic convenerunt.
      [...] he took the ox and the cat, and led both to the market. Anytime someone came who wanted to buy the ox, he responded: None shall have an ox, unless besides he also buys a cat. Any time someone said he did not want to buy a cat, he left. And immediately another came and asked what price for each. He said he wanted to sell a cat for one silver mark, but an ox for a denarius, and so they came to an agreement.

變格[编辑]

第二類變格 noun。

單數 複數
主格 cattus cattī
屬格 cattī cattōrum
與格 cattō cattīs
賓格 cattum cattōs
奪格 cattō cattīs
呼格 catte cattī

近義詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. Jean-Paul Savignac, Dictionnaire français-gaulois, s.v. "chat" (Paris: Errance, 2004), 82.