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Diagram showing the relationship between the zenith, the nadir, and different types of horizon. Note that the zenith is opposite the nadir.

源自中古英語 cenyth,源自中世紀拉丁語 cenit,源自阿拉伯語 سَمْت(samt, 方向,小路),源自完整形式سَمْت اَلرَّأْس(samt ar-raʔs, 头的朝向)。以-ni--m-的情况有时被认为是误读了三个笔画。这个说法确实有道理,但是也可能只是发音模仿导致的。



zenith(複數 zeniths

  1. (天文學) 天顶 观测者头顶水平向上的位置
    反義詞: nadirperigee
    • 1638 Herbert, Sir Thomas Some years travels into divers parts of Asia and Afrique
      The 12 day wee had the wind high and large ſo that in two dayes ſaile we made the Sunne our Zenith or verticall point []
    • 1671–1693: Rev. Thomas Jolly, private notebook; printed in: 1895, Henry Fishwick (editor), The Note Book of the Rev. Thomas Jolly: A.D. 1671–1693. Extracts from the Church Books of Altham and Wymondhouses, 1649–1725. And an Account of the Jolly Family of Standish, Gorton, and Altham, page 44
      In this 10th m. appeared that prodigious Comett the tayl whereof was like the blade of a double edged sword, and reached almost from the horizon to the zenith.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter XI, p. 180, [1]
      In the east a pillar of cloud reared from horizon to zenith, with a kind of arm outstretched like a threatening colossus.
  2. (天文學) 天顶 天体在天上达到的最大高度
    • Template:RQ:Defoe Robinson Crusoe
    • 1920, Peter B. Kyne, The Understanding Heart, Chapter II:
      As far to the west as Monica could see, her world was a sea of fog, [] 。Above it arched a cerulean sky; as the sun climbed to the zenith, [] , the fog gradually took on a bluish tinge.
  3. (引申义) 顶点顶峰
    Winning the continental championship was the zenith of my career.
    近義詞: acmeapogeeculminationpinnacle





  • zenith在英語維基百科上的資料。維基百科 en