viginti

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因特語[编辑]

數詞[编辑]

viginti

  1. 二十

近義詞[编辑]


拉丁語[编辑]

拉丁語數字 (編輯)
200
[a], [b], [c] ←  19 XX
20
21  → [a], [b]
2
    基數詞vīgintī
    序數詞vīcēsimus, vīgēsimus, vīcēnsimus, vīgēnsimus, vīcēsimes, vīgēsimes, vīcēnsimes, vīgēnsimes, vīcēnsumus
    副數詞vīciēs, vīciēns
    分佈數詞vīcēnī, vīgēnī
    分數vīcēsimus, vīgēsimus, vīcēnsimus, vīgēnsimus, vīcēsimes, vīgēsimes, vīcēnsimes, vīgēnsimes, vīcēnsumus
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其他寫法[编辑]

  • 羅馬數字: XX

詞源[编辑]

源自原始意大利語 *wīgentī,源自原始印歐語 *h₁wi-(h₁)-ḱm̥t-ih₁[1],源自*dwi-(h₁)-dḱm̥t-ih₁*dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti (兩個十)。與梵語 विंशति (viṃśatí)古希臘語 εἴκοσι (eíkosi)古愛爾蘭語 fiche威爾士語 ugain布列塔尼語 ugent吐火羅語A wiki同源。

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/wiːˈɡin.tiː/, [wiːˈɡɪn̪.t̪iː]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/viˈd͡ʒin.ti/, [viˈd͡ʒin̪.t̪i]
  • 文檔

數詞[编辑]

vīgintī(无变格)[2][3][4][5]

  1. 二十,20
    Habet annos viginti.
    二十歲。
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Actus Apostolorum 27:28
      qui submittentes invenerunt passus viginti et pusillum inde separati invenerunt passus quindecim
      "And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms."

派生詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

參見[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vīgintī”, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004167971, 页678
  2. viginti in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  3. viginti in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  4. viginti在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (拉丁語-法語詳解詞典), Hachette中的內容
  5. Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • it is more than twenty years ago: amplius sunt (quam) viginti anni or viginti annis
    • twenty years and more: viginti anni et amplius, aut plus
    • twenty years ago: abhinc (ante) viginti annos or viginti his annis
    • to be not yet twenty: minorem esse viginti annis