gangrene

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英語[编辑]

英語維基百科有一篇文章關於:

詞源[编辑]

來自法語 gangrène,來自拉丁語 gangraena,來自古希臘語 γάγγραινα (gángraina, 壞疽)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

gangrene可數 & 不可數,複數 gangrenes

  1. 壞疽
    If gangrene sets in, we may have to amputate the foot.
    如果坏疽发生,我们可能不得不截肢。
  2. (比喻) 破壞性腐敗性的影響
    • 1960, Cora Vreede-de Stuers, The Indonesian woman: struggles and achievements
      Women should earn equal wages with men for equal work done. Child marriages and polygamy are a gangrene on society.
      女性应该与男性同工同酬。童婚和一夫多妻制是社会的毒瘤

衍生詞[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

gangrene(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 gangrenes,現在分詞 gangrening,一般過去時及過去分詞 gangrened

  1. (及物) 產生壞疽
    • 1682Pains afflicting humane bodies, their various Difference, Causes, Parts affected, Signals of Danger or Safety, 頁號204:
      Vulneration or section sometimes procures a Gangrene, when the vital Principle is so debilitated, or enormous by the would, that instead of a good suppuration and vigorous transmutation, a depraved matter is generated, which corrupts and gangrenes the part: and thus a small cut of a finger or Toe hath gangrened, and killed the person: but in greater Wounds, the danger is greater, as more frequently to happen.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1762 December,John Chandler,“A Treatise of the Disease called a Cold”,出自 The critical review, or annals of literature,卷號12, 頁號423:
      An intensely biting frost will gangrene the membrane ; a foggy state of the atmosphere, with low, black, stagnant exhalations, accompanied with sudden, frequent intermissions, interchanges, and oscillations of dryness and moisture, expansion and condensation, will corrupt and putrify both the membrane and the mucous discharge.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1851 December,“The Wit and Wickedness of Sarcasm”,出自 The Ladies' Repository,卷號20, 頁號224:
      For where it chances to be successful, it is like the copper shot of the Mexicans, which gangrenes the wound.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (不及物) 受到壞疽的影響
    • 1786,John Selden, Table Talk: Being the Discourses of John Selden:
      If a man had a sore leg, and he should go to an honest, judicious chirurgeon, and he should only bid him keep it warm, and anoint it with such an oil, (an oil well known) that would do the cure; haply he would not much regard him, because he knows the medicine, beforehand an ordinary medicine; but if he should go to a surgeon that should tell him, your leg will gangrene within three days, and it must be cut off, and you will die, unless you do something that I could tell you, what listening there would be to this man?
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1911British Medical Journal - Volume 1911, Issues 1-3, 頁號239:
      The leg will gangrene if the superficial femoral vessels be torn.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2005,Nikki Moustaki, Parrots For Dummies, 頁號282:
      If not, the toe will gangrene and fall off.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  3. (及物) 使腐敗;導致變質
    • 1801,George Walker, The Three Spaniards:
      That is true,” replied Almira, “nothing can be performed without labor, and where there is labor there will be discontent, and where there is no labor there will be heart-burning and jealousy about insignificant trifles, such as gangrenes the real pleasures of contemplation within these walls; walls, which would otherwise hold out an asylum, much to be prized by those who have been unfortunate, who have lost all their friends, or who are weary of the world."
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1889 July,John Miller,“The Abuse of Marriage”,出自 The Centennial Magazine: An Australian Monthly,卷號2,期號12, 頁號902:
      The Stuart Restoration period was a necessary sequence of the Puritan period, and there is a similar cause for the sensualism that gangrenes the heart of our morbidly prudish Society of to-day.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1930,P.R. Stephensen, The Legend of Aleister Crowley: A Study of the Facts:
      The same delusion will gangrene England within the lifetime of most men of military age unless she will realize that gold is dross ; that her poets, her artists, and her scholars are her very soul.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

異序詞[编辑]


荷蘭語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

gangrene n(不可數)

  1. (比利時) gangreen 的另一種寫法

意大利語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

gangrene f

  1. gangrena複數

異序詞[编辑]


西班牙語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

gangrene

  1. gangrenar 的第一人称单数(yo)现在时虚拟式形。
  2. gangrenar 的敬称第二人称单数(usted)现在时虚拟式形。
  3. gangrenar 的第三人称单数(él, ella;及 usted)现在时虚拟式形。
  4. gangrenar 的敬称第二人称单数(usted)命令式形。