dives

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

dives

  1. dive的复数。

動詞[编辑]

dives

  1. dive的单数第三人称现在式。

異序詞[编辑]


拉丁語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自原始印歐語 *deywós,與deus ()dīvus (天賜的)同源。原義為“神祝的,天賜的”。

發音[编辑]

形容詞[编辑]

adj.  dīves (〈〉)(阴性形 dīvitis,中性形 dīvitior)第一/二组变格。

  1. 富有
  2. 肥沃
  3. 才能

使用注意[编辑]

  • 普利尼乌斯的 Naturalis Historia(《自然史》)中,奪格單數是 dīvitī:
    Plinius, Naturalis Historia, liber VII. In: Pliny Natural History with an English translation in ten volumes Volume II Libri III–VII By H. Rackham, 1961, page 576f.:
    itaque Alexander Magnus—etenim insignibus iudiciis optume citraque invidiam tam superba censura peragetur—inter spolia Darii Persarum regis unguentorum scrinio capto quod erat de2 auro margaritis gemmisque pretiosum, varios eius usus amicis demonstrantibus, quando tacdebat unguenti bellatorem et militia sordidum, ' Immo Hercule,' inquit, ' librorum Homeri custodiae detur,' ut pretiosissimum humani animi opus quam maxime diviti opere servaretur.
    2 V.ll. erat, erato : erat elato ? Detlefsen.
    Consequently Alexander the Great—for so lordly an assessment will be effected best and least invidiously by the most supreme tribunals—when among the booty won from the Persian King Darius there was a case of unguents made of gold and enriched with pearls and precious stones, and when his friends pointed out the various uses to which it could be put, since a warrior soiled with warfare had no use for perfume, said, "No, by Hercules, rather let it be assigned to keeping the works of Homer"—so that the most precious achievement of the mind of man might be preserved in the richest possible product of the craftsman's art.

變格[编辑]

第三類變格 one-termination adjective (non-i-stem)。

單數 複數
格 / 性 陽/陰性 中性 陽/陰性 中性
主格 dīves dīvitēs dīvita
屬格 dīvitis dīvitum
與格 dīvitī dīvitibus
賓格 dīvitem dīves dīvitēs dīvita
奪格 dīvite dīvitibus
呼格 dīves dīvitēs dīvita

名詞[编辑]

dīves〉(属格 dīvitis)第3组变格

  1. 富人

變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun。

單數 複數
主格 dīves dīvitēs
屬格 dīvitis dīvitum
與格 dīvitī dīvitibus
賓格 dīvitem dīvitēs
奪格 dīvite dīvitibus
呼格 dīves dīvitēs

參考資料[编辑]

拓展閱讀[编辑]