desolate

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自中古英語 desolate,源自拉丁語 dēsōlātusdēsōlāre (离开,使...孤独,蹂躏,使...人迹罕至)的过去分词,源自sōlus (独自的)

发音[编辑]

  • (形容词) IPA(幫助)/ˈdɛsələt/
    • 文檔
  • (动词) IPA(幫助)/ˈdɛsəleɪt/

形容词[编辑]

desolate (比較級 more desolate最高級 most desolate)

  1. 荒芜的,人迹罕至
    a desolate isle; a desolate wilderness; a desolate house
    岛,野,荒废的屋子
    • 1611The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version),London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Jeremiah 9:11:
      I will make Jerusalem [] a den of dragons, and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1830,Alfred Lord Tennyson, The Dying Swan:
      And the silvery marish flowers that throng / The desolate creeks and pools among.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 贫瘠
  3. 破败
    desolate altars破旧不堪的祭坛
  4. 阴沉的,枯燥
  5. 绝望的,希望渺茫
    He was left desolate by the early death of his wife.
    他妻子的早死让他失去了希望

动词[编辑]

desolate (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 desolates,現在分詞 desolating,一般過去時及過去分詞 desolated)

  1. 使...荒芜,使...人迹罕至
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, “Of Vicissitude of Things” in Essays, London: H. Herringman et al., 1691, p. 204,[1]
      If you consider well of the People of the West-Indies, it is very probable, that they are a newer or younger People, than the People of the old World. And it is much more likely, that the destruction that hath heretofore been there, was not by Earthquakes, [] but rather, it was Desolated by a particular Deluge: For Earthquakes are seldom in those Parts.
    • 1717, John Dryden (translator), Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Dublin: G. Risk et al., 1727, Volume I, Book I, p. 16,[2]
      O Righteous Themis, if the Pow’rs above
      By Pray’rs are bent to pity, and to love;
      If humane Miseries can move their Mind;
      If yet they can forgive, and yet be kind;
      Tell how we may restore, by second birth,
      Mankind, and people desolated Earth.
    • 1891, Charles Creighton, A History of Epidemics in Britain, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 1, p. 23,[3]
      York was so desolated just before the survey that it is not easy to estimate its ordinary population []
  2. 摧毁蹂躏,使...荒芜
    • 1801, Robert Southey, Thalaba the Destroyer, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees & Orme, 2nd edition, 1809, Volume I, Book 3, p. 118,[4]
      Then Moath pointed where a cloud
      Of Locusts,源自the desolated fields
      Of Syria, wing’d their way.
    • 1905, H. G. Wells, A Modern Utopia, Chapter 2, § 3,[5]
      But in Utopia there will be wide stretches of cheerless or unhealthy or toilsome or dangerous land with never a household; there will be regions of mining and smelting, black with the smoke of furnaces and gashed and desolated by mines, with a sort of weird inhospitable grandeur of industrial desolation, and the men will come thither and work for a spell and return to civilisation again, washing and changing their attire in the swift gliding train.
  3. 荒废废弃
    • 1828,Algernon Herbert, Nimrod: A Discourse on Certain Passages of History and Fable:
      It is not to be supposed that when Cush left Armenia, he left it desolate, and that a rich and long settled country was abandoned altogether; for it would be an absurd way of founding an universal empire, to desolate one country in order to people another.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2007,James B. Jordan, The Handwriting on the Wall: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel, →ISBN:
      This completion of the Temple and attack upon Christians is the event that marks the apostasy that causes desolation, the detestable act that causes God to desolate (abandon) and destroy the Temple for the last time.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2013,Tracey A. Revenson,“Debunking the Myth of Lonelines in Late Life”,出自 Redefining Social Problems, →ISBN, 頁號126:
      Combining widowed, separated, and divorced elders into a single group ("desolated"), the data indicated that desolated elders were slightly more lonely than either married or never-married older people (although this trend was not statistically significant at the conventional .05 level).
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  4. 使...绝望
    • 1914, Arnold Bennett, The Author’s Craft, London: Hodder & Stoughton, Part II, p. 44,[6]
      It is not altogether uncommon to hear a reader whose heart has been desolated by the poignancy of a narrative complain that the writer is unemotional.
    • 1948, Alan Paton, Cry, the Beloved Country, New York: Scribner, Chapter 36, p. 271,[7]
      Kumalo stood shocked at the frightening and desolating words.

相关词汇[编辑]

延伸阅读[编辑]

德语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

desolate

  1. desolat 的屈折变化形式:
    1. 強變化/混合變化主格/賓格陰性單數
    2. 強變化主格/賓格複數
    3. 弱變化主格任意性別單數
    4. 弱變化賓格陰性/中性單數

意大利语[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

desolate f pl

  1. desolato陰性複數

拉丁语[编辑]

分词[编辑]

dēsōlāte

  1. dēsōlātus呼格陽性單數